Series: Developments in Marine Geology

Developments in Marine Geology is a book series designed to provide a comprehensive source of detailed information on all aspects of marine geology, geochemistry and geophysics. The series encompasses the entire range of the discipline from field and laboratory techniques to regional synthesis of marine sedimentary systems. Topics include subjects as diverse as seafloor hydrothermal systems, beach dynamics, early digenesis microbiological studies in sediments, paleoclimate studies and geodynamics investigations on the ocean and sea floor. Proposals should concern the marine realm and deal with geology, rocks, sediments, and the physical and chemical processes affecting them. For more information about the series or to submit a proposal, please contact the Series Editor or the Acquisitions Editor, Susan Dennis at
Book Series: Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environments

Most recent volume

Volume 7. Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environments

Published: 1st December 2014 Series Volume Editors: Ruediger Stein Donna Blackman Fumio Inagaki Hans-Christian Larsen
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • List of Reviewers
  • Chapter 1. Major Scientific Achievements of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program: Overview and Highlights
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. The Deep Biosphere and the Subseafloor Ocean (Initiatives in Deep Biosphere and Gas Hydrates)
    • 1.3. Environmental Change, Processes, and Effects (Initiatives in Extreme Climates and Rapid Climate Change)
    • 1.4. Solid Earth Cycles and Geodynamics (Initiatives in Continental Breakup and Sedimentary Basin Formation, LIPs, 21st Century Mohole, and Seismogenic Zone)
    • 1.5. Borehole Observatory Accomplishments
  • Chapter 2: New Frontier of Subseafloor Life and the Biosphere
    • Chapter 2.1. Exploration of Subseafloor Life and the Biosphere Through IODP (2003–2013)
      • 2.1.1. Background: The Deep Subseafloor Biosphere
      • 2.1.2. IODP Expeditions Relative to the Deep-Biosphere Research
      • 2.1.3. Sample Storage for the Future Deep-Biosphere Research
      • 2.1.4. Conclusion and Perspectives
    • Chapter 2.2.1. Biomass, Diversity, and Metabolic Functions of Subseafloor Life: Detection and Enumeration of Microbial Cells in Subseafloor Sediment
      • The History of Detection and Enumeration of Microbial Cells in Deep Subseafloor Sediment
      • Technical Challenges in Estimating Biomass and Microbial Diversity in Subseafloor Environments
      • Counting Statistics
      • Overcoming the Limitations
      • Combating Contamination
      • Lowering the Quantification Limit
      • Potential Alternatives for Detecting Life in Subsurface Environments
      • Concluding Remarks
    • Chapter 2.2.2. Genetic Evidence of Subseafloor Microbial Communities
      • Ribosomal RNA as Phylogenetic Marker
      • Functional Genes
      • Metagenomic Investigations of Complex Subseafloor Communities
    • Chapter 2.3. The Underground Economy (Energetic Constraints of Subseafloor Life)
      • 2.3.1. Introduction
      • 2.3.2. Energy-Conserving Activities in Marine Sediment
      • 2.3.3. Life under Extreme Energy Limitation
      • 2.3.4. Discussion
      • 2.3.5. Conclusions
    • Chapter 2.4. Life at Subseafloor Extremes
      • 2.4.1. Introduction
      • 2.4.2. Possible Physical and Chemical Constraints on Life in Subseafloor Environments
      • 2.4.3. Challenge for Limits of Biosphere in Ocean Drilling Expeditions of ODP and IODP
      • 2.4.4. Thermodynamic Estimation of Abundance and Composition of Microbial Metabolisms in Subseafloor Boundary Biosphere
      • 2.4.5. Concluding Remarks and Perspectives
    • Chapter 2.5. Life in the Ocean Crust: Lessons from Subseafloor Laboratories
      • 2.5.1. Introduction
      • 2.5.2. General Overview of the Diversity, Activity, and Abundance of Microbial Life in Igneous Oceanic Crust
      • 2.5.3. Subseafloor Observatories: Another Tool for Studying Life in Oceanic Crust
      • 2.5.4. Recent Deep Biosphere Discoveries from Subseafloor Observatories
      • 2.5.5. The Future of Subseafloor Laboratories for Deep Biosphere Research
      • 2.5.6. The Size of the Deep Biosphere Hosted in Igneous Oceanic Crust
      • 2.5.7. Conclusions
    • Chapter 2.6. Cultivation of Subseafloor Prokaryotic Life
      • 2.6.1. The Necessity of Culturing Subseafloor Prokaryotes
      • 2.6.2. The Specific Challenges to Cultivate Prokaryotic Life from the Subseafloor
      • 2.6.3. Cultivation Attempts Using Conventional Batch-type Cultivation
      • 2.6.4. Metabolic Capabilities of Available Isolates from Subseafloor Sedimentary Environments
      • 2.6.5. Novel Techniques for the Cultivation of Subseafloor Prokaryotic Life
    • Chapter 2.7. Biogeochemical Consequences of the Sedimentary Subseafloor Biosphere
      • 2.7.1. Introduction
      • 2.7.2. Biogeochemical Zonation in Subseafloor Sediments
      • 2.7.3. Secondary Biogeochemical Reactions
      • 2.7.4. Interaction of Biogeochemical Processes and the Sediment
      • 2.7.5. Time and the Deep Subseafloor Biosphere
      • 2.7.6. Beyond Interstitial Water and Solid Phase Chemistry?
      • 2.7.7. Connecting the Pelagic Ocean and Subseafloor Sedimentary Ocean
      • 2.7.8. Toward a Global Ocean View
  • Chapter 3: Environmental Change, Processes and Effects
    • Chapter 3.1. Introduction: Environmental Change, Processes and Effects—New Insights From Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (2003–2013)
    • Chapter 3.2. Cenozoic Arctic Ocean Climate History: Some Highlights from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Arctic Coring Expedition
      • 3.2.1. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 302: Background and Objectives
      • 3.2.2. Main Lithologies and Stratigraphic Framework of the ACEX Sequence
      • 3.2.3. Highlights of ACEX Studies
      • 3.2.4. Outlook: Need for Future Scientific Drilling in the Arctic Ocean
    • Chapter 3.3. From Greenhouse to Icehouse at the Wilkes Land Antarctic Margin: IODP Expedition 318 Synthesis of Results
      • 3.3.1. Introduction
      • 3.3.2. Expedition 318 Summary of Results
      • 3.3.3. Discussion of Results
      • 3.3.4. Concluding Remarks
    • Chapter 3.4. The Pacific Equatorial Age Transect: Cenozoic Ocean and Climate History (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expeditions 320 & 321)
      • 3.4.1. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expeditions 320 & 321 Introduction: Background, Objectives, and Drilling Strategy
      • 3.4.2. Main Sediment Sequence
      • 3.4.3. Results from Postcruise Investigations
      • 3.4.4. Outlook
    • Chapter 3.5. North Atlantic Paleoceanography from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expeditions (2003–2013)
      • 3.5.1. Introduction
      • 3.5.2. IODP Expedition 303/306 (North Atlantic Climate)
      • 3.5.3. IODP Expedition 339 (Mediterranean Outflow)
      • 3.5.4. IODP Expedition 342 (Paleogene Newfoundland Sediment Drifts)
      • 3.5.5. Summary
    • Chapter 3.6. Coral Reefs and Sea-Level Change
      • 3.6.1. Introduction/Rationale
      • 3.6.2. Coral Reefs: Archives of Past Sea-Level and Environmental Changes
      • 3.6.3. The Last Deglacial Sea-Level Rise in the South Pacific
      • 3.6.4. Expedition 310 “Tahiti Sea Level”
      • 3.6.5. Expedition 325 (GBR Environmental Changes)
      • 3.6.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Solid Earth Cycles and Geodynamics
    • Chapter 4.1. Introduction
    • Chapter 4.2.1. Formation and Evolution of Oceanic Lithosphere: New Insights on Crustal Structure and Igneous Geochemistry from ODP/IODP Sites 1256, U1309, and U1415
      • Introduction
      • Deep Drilling in Slow-Spread Crust: The Atlantis Massif
      • Deep Drilling of Intact Ocean Crust Formed at a Superfast Spreading Rate: Hole 1256D
      • Shallow Drilling in Fast-Spread Lower Crust at Hess Deep
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 4.2.2. Hydrogeologic Properties, Processes, and Alteration in the Igneous Ocean Crust
      • Introduction
      • Crustal Hydrogeology and Alteration
      • Synthesis: Method and Site Comparisons and Trends
    • Chapter 4.3. Large-Scale and Long-Term Volcanism on Oceanic Lithosphere
      • 4.3.1. Introduction
      • 4.3.2. History of Drilling LIPs and Hotspot Trails During DSDP and ODP
      • 4.3.3. IODP Expedition 324 to the Shatsky Rise
      • 4.3.4. IODP Expedition 330 to the Louisville Seamount Trail
      • 4.3.5. Oceanic Plateaus: Plumes or Plate Boundaries?
      • 4.3.6. Large-Scale Mantle Movements Traced by Seamount Trails
      • 4.3.7. Conclusions and Future Work
    • Chapter 4.4.1. Subduction Zones: Structure and Deformation History
      • Introduction
      • IODP Drilling at Three Subduction Zones: Targets and Objectives
      • Highlights of Scientific Results from IODP Subduction Zone Drilling
      • Future Directions
      • Summary and Conclusions
    • Chapter 4.4.2. Seismogenic Processes Revealed Through the Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiments: Core, Log, Geophysics, and Observatory Measurements
      • Introduction
      • Stress State and Physical Properties in Shallow Formations
      • Fault Zone State and Properties
      • Borehole Observatory
      • Summary and Implications
    • Chapter 4.4.3. Fluid Origins, Thermal Regimes, and Fluid and Solute Fluxes in the Forearc of Subduction Zones
      • Introduction
      • Accretionary and Erosive Convergent Margins
      • Global Estimates of Fluid Sources and Input Fluxes
      • Forearc Thermal Regimes
      • Fluid Outputs, Flow Rates and Fluxes
      • Global Volatile and Mass Cycling in SZs, has it Evolved or Fluctuated through Time?
      • Concluding Remarks
      • Appendices
  • Chapter 5: Appendix
    1. One-Page Summaries of IODP Expeditions 301–348
    2. Index

Additional volumes

Volume 6. Geology of the China Seas

Published: 1st June 2014 Authors: Pinxian Wang Qianyu Li Chun-Feng Li

Volume 5. Quaternary Coral Reef Systems

Published: 13th August 2009 Authors: Lucien Montaggioni Colin Braithwaite

Volume 4. Shore Processes and their Palaeoenvironmental Applications

Published: 27th November 2008 Author: Edward Anthony

Volume 3. Global Sedimentology of the Ocean

Published: 6th October 2008 Author: Christian Robert

Volume 2. Arctic Ocean Sediments: Processes, Proxies, and Paleoenvironment

Published: 22nd July 2008 Author: R. Stein

Volume 1. Proxies in Late Cenozoic Paleoceanography

Published: 25th May 2007 Editors: C. Hillaire-Marcel Anne de Vernal