Series: Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Space biology and medicine is a relatively young field concerned with the study of the effects of the space environment (low gravity and radiation) on living organisms. Its beginnings may be set in the 1960's with the start of manned orbital flight. Until then animals were only used in ballistic flights (1948-1957) and early orbital missions (1957-1961) to ascertain the feasibility and safety of manned space travel. After the first manned spaceflight by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in 1961, the physiological effects of orbital flight, and particularly of long-duration space missions, began to be studied in more depth and more systematically. Human studies were conducted by the Unites States on the Mercuri, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, and Shuttle missions. Animal studies were conducted on some of these manned flights and also on the unmanned Cosmos and Biosatellite voyages. While the more obvious effects of the space environment on humans and animals have been well documented in the last 30 years, much remains to be learned about their mechanisms and about possible countermeasures to these effects. In addition to the applied side of space biology and medicine, there are the fundamental questions of the role of gravity in the evolution, development, and reproduction of life on Earth - questions that can only be studied with the aid of space experiments. There is also emerging some potential usefulness of the low-gravity environment for cell separation and protein crystallisation.
Book Series: Experimentation with Animal Models in Space

Most recent volume


Volume 10. Experimentation with Animal Models in Space

Published: 21st June 2005 Editor: Gerald Sonnenfeld
Exposure to space flight has been shown to results in changes in many physiological systems, including the musculoskeletal system, the cardiovascular system, the immune system, and the neurovestibular system. These changes could negatively impact the ability of humans to undertake long-term habitation and exploration of space. However, there are limits to the studies that can be done with humans in space. Both ground-based and space flight animal model systems are currently used for these studies as an alternative. This volume covers the latest developments in the use of animal models to study the effects of the space flight environment on human physiological systems.

Additional volumes


Volume 9. Developmental Biology Research in Space

Published: 1st July 2003

Volume 8. Cell Biology and Biotechnology in Space

Published: 4th November 2002 Editor: Augusto Cogoli

Volume 7. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 20th December 1999 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 6. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 25th March 1997 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 5. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 14th May 1996 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 4. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 1st March 1995 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 3. European Isolation and Confinement Study

Published: 1st February 1994 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 2. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 5th September 1993 Editor: S.L. Bonting

Volume 1. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Published: 30th July 1991 Editor: S.L. Bonting