Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials

Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials

1st Edition - October 27, 2016
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editor: Adriano Piattelli
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081002872
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081002889

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Description

Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials examines the oral environment and the challenges associated with dental biomaterials. Understanding different in vivo and in vitro responses is essential for engineers to successfully design and tailor implant materials which will withstand the different challenges of this unique environment. This comprehensive book reviews the fundamentals of bone responses in a variety of implant materials and presents strategies to tailor and control them.

Key Features

  • Presents a specific focus on the development and use of biomaterials in the oral environment
  • Discusses the basic science of the dental interface and its clinical applications
  • Contains important coverage on the monitoring and analysis of the dental implant interface

Readership

Implant clinicians concerned with bone grafting, medical device/implant manufacturers, post-grads

Table of Contents

    • Related titles
    • List of contributors
    • 1. Introduction to bone response to dental implant materials
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Biomaterials
      • 1.3. Challenges and further trends
    • 2. Mechanical modification of dental implants to control bone retention
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. The implant as extracellular matrix
      • 2.3. Cell attachment
      • 2.4. Cell behavior on smooth surfaces
      • 2.5. Cell behavior on three-dimensional and roughened surfaces
      • 2.6. Mechanisms involved with translation of cell configuration to differentiation
      • 2.7. Using controlled surface configuration to control cell function—tissue engineering surfaces
      • 2.8. Mechanical basis for bone retention around dental implants
      • 2.9. Conclusion
    • 3. Surface modification of dental biomaterials for controlling bone response
      • 3.1. Bone responses to implant surfaces
      • 3.2. Roughening the surface
      • 3.3. Application of inorganic elements to implant surfaces
      • 3.4. Application of organic compounds to implant surfaces
      • 3.5. Concluding remarks
    • 4. Bone response to calcium phosphate coatings for dental implants
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. The bone implant interface
      • 4.3. Methods of calcium phosphate coating
      • 4.4. Surface coating and peri-implant wound healing process
      • 4.5. Factors influencing the coated implant bone interface
      • 4.6. CaP coating as drug delivery system
      • 4.7. CaP coating and peri-implantitis
      • 4.8. Conclusion
    • 5. Peri-implant biological behavior: clinical and scientific aspects
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Implant features
      • 5.3. Implant anatomy
      • 5.4. BIC percentage
    • 6. Implant primary stability and occlusion
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. Press-fit primary stability
      • 6.3. NGF primary stability
      • 6.4. Neuro-evoked centric relation
      • 6.5. Case reports
      • 6.6. Conclusions
    • 7. Clinical bone response to dental implant materials
      • 7.1. Bone response to dental implants
    • 8. The effect of loading on peri-implant bone: A critical review of the literature
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Implant loading prior to osseointegration
      • 8.3. Implant loading after osseointegration
      • 8.4. Concluding remarks
    • 9. Bone response to decontamination treatments for dental biomaterials
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Decontamination methods: description and applications
      • 9.3. Implant surfaces and bone response after decontamination
      • 9.4. Summary and conclusions
    • 10. Anti-resorptive treatment in osteoporosis and their deleterious effects on maxillary bone metabolism in clinical dentistry
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Concept, diagnosis and classification of BP-associated ONJ
      • 10.3. BPs, osteonecrosis, and implant dentistry
    • 11. Biocompatibility and cellular response to dental implant materials
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Cell lines
      • 11.3. Determination of cytotoxicity
      • 11.4. Colony formation cytotoxicity test
      • 11.5. MTT cytotoxicity test
      • 11.6. XTT cytotoxicity test
      • 11.7. Ames test
      • 11.8. Hemolysis assay
      • 11.9. Karyotype analysis
      • 11.10. Alternatives in animal testing
      • 11.11. The 4 h human patch test—protocol
      • 11.12. Alternative method for dental implant osteointegration
      • 11.13. Benefits of non-animal testing
    • 12. Analysis of bone response to dental bone grafts by advanced physical techniques
      • 12.1. Introduction: bone response to dental grafts and the problem of conventional investigating techniques
      • 12.2. Synchrotron radiation and advanced physical techniques: a new approach
      • 12.3. X-ray microdiffraction
      • 12.4. X-ray microtomography
      • 12.5. From micro-CT to HT: the new trends
    • 13. Acoustic emission and ultrasound for monitoring the bone-implant interface
      • 13.1. Introduction: physical principles of mechanical monitoring of the bone-implant interface; vibration, ultrasound and acoustic emission
      • 13.2. Vibrational techniques
      • 13.3. Conventional ultrasonics
      • 13.4. Active and passive acoustic emission
      • 13.5. Summary of current state-of-the-art; dental and nondental implants
    • 14. A new approach for modeling bone response to dental implant materials
      • 14.1. Introduction
      • 14.2. The method
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 284
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2016
  • Published: October 27, 2016
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081002872
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081002889
  • About the Editor

    Adriano Piattelli

    Full Professor of Oral Pathology and Medicine at the Dental School, University of Chieti-Pescara (Italy). Dean and Director of Studies and Research from 1997 to 2009 at the Dental School, University of Chieti-Pescara (Italy). 2003-2005 he was President of the Italian Society of Osseointegration (S.I.O.). Membership: Academy of Osseointegration (AO), Board of the Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine (1993-1999), Board of the journal of Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research (2002-present ). Prof. Piattelli has coauthored more than 600 papers in international peer-reviewed Journals. Primary research interests have been immediate loading, bone response to different biomaterials and to human implants

    Affiliations and Expertise

    University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy