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Bird Strike - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081000939, 9780081001134

Bird Strike

1st Edition

An Experimental, Theoretical and Numerical Investigation

Authors: Reza Hedayati Mojtaba Sadighi
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081000939
eBook ISBN: 9780081001134
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 9th September 2015
Page Count: 258
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Bird strikes are one of the most dangerous threats to civil and military flight safety: between 1960 and 2014, they were responsible for the destruction of approximately 150 civil aircraft and the deaths of 271 people.

Bird Strike presents a summary of the damage imposed on the aviation industries by their avian counterparts. This book first presents and analyzes the statistics obtained from bird strike databases and offers various methods for minimizing the overall probability of bird-strike events. The next chapters explore how to analyze the ability of aero-engine critical structures to withstand bird-strike events by implementing reliable experimental, theoretical, and numerical methods. Finally, the book investigates the impact of bird strikes on different components of aircrafts, such as the metal fuselage, composite fuselage, engines, wings, and tail, and proposes two new bird models, with explanations of their use.

Key Features

  • Provides up-to-date information for aviation staff and researchers working on aircraft safety
  • Offers comprehensive investigations on all the statistical, theoretical, experimental, and numerical aspects of bird strike
  • Includes studies carried out on bird strike and provides the reader with the important findings of each paper


Academics researching Aerospace engineering, Librarians based in Material Research Centers, Aerospace Centers and Aircraft Manufacturing Companies.

Table of Contents

  • 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 History of bird strike
    • 1.3 Importance of bird strike
    • 1.4 Solutions to bird-strike problem
    • 1.5 Outline of the book
  • 2: Statistics
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Reporting a bird strike
    • 2.3 Human losses and damages to aircraft
    • 2.4 Economic loss
    • 2.5 Bird strike worldwide
    • 2.6 Risk assessment
  • 3: Bird strike: prevention and proofing
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Prevention: on-board equipment
    • 3.3 Prevention: airports
    • 3.4 Prevention: away from airports
    • 3.5 Birds and their characteristics
    • 3.6 Bird-proofing regulations
  • 4: Theoretical background
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 2D hydrodynamic theory
    • 4.3 Inclined impacts
    • 4.4 Flexible targets
    • 4.5 3D hydrodynamic theory
    • 4.6 Turbofan bladed-rotor
  • 5: Flat plate experimental tests
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Experimental set-up
    • 5.3 Hopkinson bar test
    • 5.4 Rigid plate tests
    • 5.5 Effects of target compliance
  • 6: Finite element bird-strike modeling
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Structural nonlinearity
    • 6.3 Numerical approaches for bird strike
    • 6.4 Bird material modeling
    • 6.5 Equations of state (EOS)
    • 6.6 Fluid–structure interactions
    • 6.7 Hourglass control
    • 6.8 Bird geometry modeling
    • 6.9 Differences in pressure readings
    • 6.10 Similarity law for bird strike
  • 7: Case studies
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Composite fuselage
    • 7.3 Airplane transparent components
    • 7.4 Jet engines
    • 7.5 Fan blade stability
    • 7.6 Sandwich panels
    • 7.7 Empennage and wing
    • 7.8 Helicopters and tiltrotors
  • 8: Tutorials for bird-strike simulation using ANSYS/LS-DYNA
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Introduction to LS-DYNA
    • 8.3 Common conditions
    • 8.4 Lagrangian bird model
    • 8.5 SPH bird model
    • 8.6 ALE bird model
  • Appendix 1: keyword files
    • A.1 Lagrangian bird
    • A.2 ALE bird
    • A.3 SPH bird
  • Index


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© Woodhead Publishing 2016
9th September 2015
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Authors

Reza Hedayati

Reza Hedayati is a Researcher in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. He completed his Ph.D. at Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic) and his undergraduate studies at Isfahan University of Technology. His research interests lie in the area of Biomedical engineering, Biomaterials, metal foams, Composite structures, Multiscale Finite Element modeling, and beam and plate analytical analyses. Reza has also cooperated with TU Delft on analytical solutions, experimental testing, and multiscaling modeling of porous materials under static, dynamic, and fatigue loadings since 2013. In recent years, he has focused on better techniques for modeling and analyzing bird impact on different components of aircraft such as tailplane, windshield, and fuselage. He has proposed two novel bird models which have explained many discrepancies between the numerical, experimental and theories of bird strike. He has also collaborated actively with researchers in other fields of Mechanical Engineering, particularly 3D geometry modeling using CT images, Fatigue and Fracture, and Biomechanics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Mojtaba Sadighi

Dr. Mojtaba Sadighi was born in 1960. He received a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Iran, in 1985, and achieved his MSc and PhD from UMIST, Manchester, England. He is an Associate Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department of Amirkabir University of Technology with his main research interests including impact mechanics, composite material, sandwich structures, cellular solids, and bird strike. He was the Head of the Solid Mechanics Group in the Mechanical Engineering Department for 2 years and he has also been a management committee member for the Iranian Association of Mechanical Engineers since 2009. Dr Sadighi was the conference chairman at the 15th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering held by the Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers (ISME).

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

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