Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products

Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products

The Food, Feed, Fibre, Fuel (4F) Economy

1st Edition - March 1, 2016

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  • Editors: P Poltronieri, Oscar D'Urso
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128036488
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128036228

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Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products in the 4F Economy: The Food, Feed, Fiber, Fuel (4F) Economy presents an evaluation of plant species better exploitable for a particular transformation. As crops are already covering large parts of cultivable soils, is it is not conceivable to try to extend the cultures beyond the limit of available soils, but a further increase in productivity is not easy to obtain. The book discusses advances in technology and plants design which support the exploitation and valorization of vegetable and fruit by-products through fermentation (feed-batch liquid fermentation, solid-state fermentation) in bio-based bio-chemicals/biofuels production. Pathways in the biosynthesis of fibers, sugars, and metabolites are provided with a focus on the lifecycle of bacteria, yeasts, and even plant species. The text analyzes cellular structures and the organization of cell walls in order to show which polysaccharides offer more favorable fermentative processes and which are detrimental.

Key Features

  • Provides an overview of all plant based biosources
  • Includes examples of biochemical/biofuel production from plant waste
  • Discusses the production of enzymes used in the plant fermentation processes
  • Explores the new fermentation technologies and production of chemicals and fuels from various plants


Biotechnologists, biochemical engineers, biochemists, microbiologists, plant biochemists, agronomists, research students in these areas, entrepreneurs, policy makers, stakeholders, and politicians

Table of Contents

    1. Plants biomasses, inedible body of plants, crop residues as valuable material for BBB. Alternatives for valorisation of green wastes ( Dietrich et al).
    2. Plant waste management today. Composting and biogas. Lignocellulosic biofuel production (Fuel) (Verstichel et al)
    3. Tobacco seeds rich in oils as a source for biodiesel. Methods for variety selection applied to stress and nematode resistance. Sustainable production exploiting Non-GMO protein residue as feed (Fogher et al.)
    4. Fruit processing in Central America. (Food, feed, BBB, Fibre, Fuel) (Velasquez et al.)
    5.  Mango industry. (Food, feed, BBB, Fibre, Fuel) (Narasimhan et al.)
    6. Applications of plant wastes: enzymes, PHA, and succininc acid through fermentation processes. BBB  (Sacramento et al.)
    7.  Bio-based biochemicals. Sustainable production of BBB chemicals (succinic acid, itaconic acid, buhanol). Life cycle assessment and economy scale dimension (Dietrich et al.)
    8. Production of Enzymes in bioreactors and encapsulation for their use in industry. BBB (?).
    9. Solid State Fermentation. Feed-Batch Fermentations. Purification of valuable compounds. BBB ( Sommer et al.)
    10. Saccharification of lignocellulosic material. Enzymatic hydrolysis. (Fibre) (Virto et al.)
    11. Biosynthesis of cellulose and fibres by plants. Biotech engineering for cell wall changes and methods to overcome the length of plant life cycle. Manipulating the polysaccharides and lignin content aiming to optimise biofuel and bioethanol production (Francocci et al.)

    GMO acceptance in the world and issues for the overcoming of restrictions. Cisgenesis, RNA transfer, rootstock to shoot delivery, novel methods of transformation (Poltronieri et al.)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 398
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2016
  • Published: March 1, 2016
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128036488
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128036228

About the Editors

P Poltronieri

Dr Palmiro Poltronieri is researcher at the Agrofood Department of the Italian National Research Council. He is co-founder of Biotecgen SME - a service company involved in European projects, such as RIBOREG, NANOMYC, ABSTRESS, and TOMGEM. He has also tutored researchers for another start up, Bioesplora, in the EU project TRANS-BIO. He is Associate Editor to BMC Research Notes and is editor-in-chief for Challenges, an MDPI journal. He holds a Ph.D. in Molecular and Cellular Biology from Verona University. His current interest is on abiotic stress response in roots of tolerant and sensitive chickpea varieties, on activation of the jasmonic acid synthesis, and in the biotic stress response in model plants.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council (ISPA-CNR), Lecce, Italy

Oscar D'Urso

o.f. d'urso graduated in biology in 2003 from university of Salento in Lecce, and holds a ph.d. in physiology from the same university. hewas researcher for the company Biotecgen in several european projects. presently is an officer in a local government agency for the control and safety of waste disposal business.

Affiliations and Expertise

Food Safety and Technology Research Group, Bioesplora, San Michele Salentino, Italy

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