Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems.

This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines.

Key Features

  • Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants
  • Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles
  • Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves


Manufacturers, designers, and producers of textile implant materials; Professionals within the healthcare industry

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles



Part I: Technologies

Chapter 1: Manufacture, types and properties of biotextiles for medical applications


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Fiber structure

1.3 Formation of synthetic fibers

1.4 Processing of short (staple) and continuous (filament) fibers

1.5 Understanding structure in fibers

1.6 Fibrous materials used in medicine

1.7 Key fiber properties

1.8 Textile assemblies and their characteristics

1.9 Conclusion

1.10 Sources of further information and advice

1.11 Acknowledgments

Chapter 2: Nanofiber structures for medical biotextiles


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Techniques for producing nanofibers

2.3 The electrospinning process

2.4 Using electrospun poly(s-caprolactone) (PCL) fibers as scaffolds for tissue engineering

2.5 Co-axial bicomponent nanofibers and their production

2.6 Case study: collagen/PCL bicomponent nanofiber scaffolds for engineering bone tissues

2.7 In vivo case study: engineering of blood vessels

2.8 Miscellaneous applications of co-axial nanofiber structures

2.9 Conclusion

Chapter 3: Resorbable polymers for medical applications


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Polymer degradation

3.3 Mechanical properties of existing resorbable polymers

3.4 Mechano-active tissue engineering

3.5 Elastomeric properties of fiber-forming copolymers

3.6 Elastomeric resorbable polymers for vascular tissue engineering

3.7 Conclusion and future trends

Chapter 4: Shaped biotextiles for medical implants


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Vascular grafts: key developments

4.3 Weaving, knitting and ePTFE technologies for producing tubular structures


No. of pages:
© 2013
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the editors

M W King

Martin W. King is Professor of Biotextiles and Textile Technology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA, and Chaired Professor of Medical Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai, China

B S Gupta

Dr Bhupender S. Gupta is Professor of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science at North Carolina State University, USA. Professor Gupta is internationally renowned for his research in textile science.

R Guidoin

Robert Guidoin is Professor of Surgery (Biomaterials) working in the CHU Research Centre oriented towards Regenerative Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.


"Regenerative Medicine: Biotextiles as Medical Implants. M W King, B S Gupta, and R Guidoin, Eds. Woodhead Publishing. Philadelphia, PA. 2013. 738 pages. $330.00.--Journal of Controlled Release 183, 2014
"A new book from Woodhead Publishing in association with the Textile Institute provides an invaluable source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants.", February 2014
"Some from medicine and some from textiles, scientists present a textbook for an undergraduate textiles course on textile devices that can be implanted for medical purposes. Covering first technologies then applications, they explore such topics as resorbable polymers for medical applications, surface modification, sterilization techniques, retrieval studies for medical biotextiles, types and properties of surgical sutures, barbed suture technology,…", February 2014