Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture

Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture

Applications and Fundamental Investigations

1st Edition - August 21, 1990

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  • Editors: T. Kent Kirk, Hou-Min Chang
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161778

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Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture: Applications and Fundamental Investigations documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry held in Raleigh, NC and Myrtle Beach, SC, on 16-19 May 1989. This volume contains 68 selected papers organized into seven parts. Part I deals with cell wall degradation and biopulping. It includes papers such as energy savings in biomechanical pumping, and biological degradation and delignification of rice straw. Part II on the enzyme and fungal treatment of pulps presents studies on the improvement of pulp properties by treatment with enzymes or with whole cells. Part III reports on research on new biological treatments for wastewaters produced by the created by the pulp and paper industry. Part IV discusses the conversion of pulping and papermaking byproducts to more valuable products via fermentation. Parts V and VI are devoted to fundamental studies on lignin biodegradation, and on cellulose and hemicellulose biodegradation, respectively. Part VII focuses on molecular genetics research on lignocelluloses-degrading microorganisms.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Overview of Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture

    Part I. Cell Wall Degradation and Biopulping

    2 Energy Savings in Biomechanical Pulping

    3 Biomechanical Pulping of Aspen Chips: Fungal Growth Pattern and Effects on Cell Wall, Fiber, and Pulp Morphology

    4 Biodelignification and Metabolites Production in Different Solid-State Fermentation Conditions

    5 Biological Degradation and Delignification of Rice Straw

    6 Enzyme Immunocytochemistry and Ultrastructural Localization of Cell Wall Components by Enzyme-Gold Complexes

    7 Immunocytochemical Observations of Fungal Enzymes During Degradation of Wood

    8 Spatial Distribution of Lignin- and Manganese II Peroxidase(s) During Degradation of Wood and Wood Fragments by Phanerochaete chrysosporium as Revealed by T.E.M. Immunogold Labelling

    9 Enzymatic Attack of Wood is Limited by the Inaccessibility of the Substrate

    Part II: Enzymatic and Fungal Treatment of Pulps

    10 Optimization of Kraft Pulp Bleaching by Coriolus versicolor

    11 Physiology of Hardwood Kraft Pulp Bleaching by Coriolus versicolor, and Use of Foam Immobilization for the Production of Mycelium-Free Bleached Pulps

    12 Effect of Increased Oxygen Availability on the Biological Bleaching of Hardwood Kraft Pulp by Coriolus versicolor

    13 Characterization of Pulps Treated with Hemicellulolytic Enzymes Prior to Bleaching

    14 Mannanase and Xylanase Treatment of Softwood Chemical Pulps: Effects on Pulp Properties and Bleachability

    15 The Interaction of Xylanase with Pulps: Non-Selective Adsorption and Inactivation of Xylanase

    16 Accessibility of Hemicellulose in Hardwood Pulps to Enzymes

    17 Effects of Aureobasidium pullulans Xylanase on Properties of Aspen Thermochemical and Kraft Pulps

    18 Biomimetic Bleaching of Kraft Pulps

    19 The Application of Fungal Enzymes in Flax Retting and the Properties of an Extracellular Polygalacturonase from Penicellium capsulatum

    Part III: Waste Treatment

    20 Degradation of Chlorinated Phenols and Guaiacols by the White-Rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    21 Dechlorination of Conventional Softwood Bleaching Effluent by Sequential Biological Treatment

    22 Treatment of Bleach Plant Effluents by the Mycopor System

    23 Decolorization of Kraft Bleached Effluent

    24 Polymerization and Depolymerization of Waste Water Lignins by White-Rot Fungi

    25 Reduction of AOX in Bleach Plant Effluents by a Combination of Ultrafiltration and Biological Methods

    26 Decreasing Chlorinated Organics in Bleaching Effluents in an Anaerobic Fixed Bed Reactor

    Part IV: Byproduct Bioconversion

    27 Fodder and Yeast Production at a Czechoslovakian Pulp Mill

    28 Fermentation of Hemicellulose Sugars from Spent Sulfite Liquor into Fungal Biomass with Various Fungi and Characterization of Lignin Isolated from Fermentation Broth

    29 Production of Ethanol from Xylose by Candida shehatae Grown Under Continuous or Fed-Batch Conditions

    30 Fermentation of Xylose in Sulfite Spent Liquor

    31 Changes in the Rate of Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Surface Area Available to Cellulase with Pretreatment Methods

    32 SO2 Steam Explosion of Pine Sawdust: Maximization of Saccharification Yields after Enzymatic Detoxification of Washing Liquors

    Part V: Fundamental Studies of Lignin Biodegradation

    33 Degradation of Synthetic Lignin (DHP) by the Lignin Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    34 Degradation Mechanisms of Phenolic β-O-4 Lignin Substructure Model Compounds by Laccase of Coriolus versicolor

    35 NMR Studies of Lignin Degradation

    36 Enzymatic Modification of Lignin in Organic Solvents

    37 On the Metabolism of 3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl Alcohol and its Methyl Ether by Phanerochaete Chrysosporium

    38 metabolism of Veratric Acid by Lignin-Degrading White-Rot Fungi

    Part VI: Fundamental Studies in Cellulose and Hemicellulose Biodegradation

    39 Catalytic Activities of Lignin-Degrading Enzymes from the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata: Lignin Model Compound Studies

    40 Purification and Characterization of a Manganese-Dependent Peroxidase from Lentinula edodes

    41 Isozymes of the Manganese(II)-Dependent Peroxidase in the White-Rot Basidiomycete Trametes versicolor

    42 Lignin-Modifying Enzymes from the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata

    43 Manganese Peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: Biochemical and Genetic Characterization

    44 Glyoxal Oxidase and the Extracellular Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    45 The Regulation of Lignin Peroxidase as well as Nitrogen Metabolism in Mutants of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    46 Lignin Peroxidase Production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium Immobilized on Sintered Glass

    47 Biomimetic Studies of Lignin Degradation and Bleaching

    48 Progress on the Crystal Structure Elucidation of Lignin Peroxidase from the White-Rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    49 Metabolism of Lignin-Related Dimeric Structures by Pseudomonas fluorescens Biovar I

    50 Pathway for Cα — Cß Cleavage of Diaryl Propane Lignin Model Compounds by Pseudomonas sp.

    51 Protoplast Formation and Regeneration of Dilignol-Degrading Strains of Alkalophilic Corynebacterium

    Part VII: Molecular Genetics Research on Lignocellulose-Degrading Microorganisms

    52 Molecular Cloning of the Genes Specifying the Enzymes Involved in the Lignin Model Compound Degradation by the Soil Bacterium Pseudomonas paucimobilis SYK-6

    53 The Cellulase of the Rumen Anaerobic Fungus Neocallimastix frontalis

    54 A Common Structural and Functional Design for Fungal Cellulose Degradation

    55 Binding Domains of Cellulomonas fimi Cellulases

    56 Cloning of the Cellulase Gene from Clostridium josui and its Expression in Escherichia coli

    57 Nucleotide Sequence of the Cellulase Gene from Ruminococcus albus and Properties of Its Translation Product

    58 Enzymatic Solubilization of Xylans

    59 Cloning, Sequence Analysis and Expression of Xylan-Degrading Enzymes from the Thermophile Caldocellum saccharolyticum

    60 Trichoderma reesei as a Production Organism for Enzymes for the Pulp and Paper Industry

    61 Extracellular Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium: cDNA Cloning Expression

    62 Cloning and Sequencing of Ligninase Genes of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Screening of Lignin Degrading Fungi Using DNA Probes

    63 Multiple Lignin Peroxidase Gene-Related Sequences in White-Rot Fungi

    64 Characterization of Genes Coding for Ligninolytic Enzymes of the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata

    65 Cloning of a cDNA for the Ligninolytic Laccase and Analysis of Laccase Isozymes from Coriolus versicolor

    66 Inheritance of Cellulose- and Lignin-Degrading Ability and Endoglucanase Isozyme Patterns in Dichomitus squalens

    67 Mutagenesis of the Lignin Peroxidase Genes of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    68 Molecular Analysis of Lignocellulolytic Enzymes of the Edible Mushroom Agaricus bisporus

Product details

  • No. of pages: 694
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1990
  • Published: August 21, 1990
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161778

About the Editors

T. Kent Kirk

Hou-Min Chang

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