Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780409901924, 9781483161778

Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture

1st Edition

Applications and Fundamental Investigations

Editors: T. Kent Kirk Hou-Min Chang
eBook ISBN: 9781483161778
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 21st August 1990
Page Count: 694
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Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture: Applications and Fundamental Investigations documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry held in Raleigh, NC and Myrtle Beach, SC, on 16-19 May 1989. This volume contains 68 selected papers organized into seven parts. Part I deals with cell wall degradation and biopulping. It includes papers such as energy savings in biomechanical pumping, and biological degradation and delignification of rice straw. Part II on the enzyme and fungal treatment of pulps presents studies on the improvement of pulp properties by treatment with enzymes or with whole cells. Part III reports on research on new biological treatments for wastewaters produced by the created by the pulp and paper industry. Part IV discusses the conversion of pulping and papermaking byproducts to more valuable products via fermentation. Parts V and VI are devoted to fundamental studies on lignin biodegradation, and on cellulose and hemicellulose biodegradation, respectively. Part VII focuses on molecular genetics research on lignocelluloses-degrading microorganisms.

Table of Contents


1 Overview of Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture

Part I. Cell Wall Degradation and Biopulping

2 Energy Savings in Biomechanical Pulping

3 Biomechanical Pulping of Aspen Chips: Fungal Growth Pattern and Effects on Cell Wall, Fiber, and Pulp Morphology

4 Biodelignification and Metabolites Production in Different Solid-State Fermentation Conditions

5 Biological Degradation and Delignification of Rice Straw

6 Enzyme Immunocytochemistry and Ultrastructural Localization of Cell Wall Components by Enzyme-Gold Complexes

7 Immunocytochemical Observations of Fungal Enzymes During Degradation of Wood

8 Spatial Distribution of Lignin- and Manganese II Peroxidase(s) During Degradation of Wood and Wood Fragments by Phanerochaete chrysosporium as Revealed by T.E.M. Immunogold Labelling

9 Enzymatic Attack of Wood is Limited by the Inaccessibility of the Substrate

Part II: Enzymatic and Fungal Treatment of Pulps

10 Optimization of Kraft Pulp Bleaching by Coriolus versicolor

11 Physiology of Hardwood Kraft Pulp Bleaching by Coriolus versicolor, and Use of Foam Immobilization for the Production of Mycelium-Free Bleached Pulps

12 Effect of Increased Oxygen Availability on the Biological Bleaching of Hardwood Kraft Pulp by Coriolus versicolor

13 Characterization of Pulps Treated with Hemicellulolytic Enzymes Prior to Bleaching

14 Mannanase and Xylanase Treatment of Softwood Chemical Pulps: Effects on Pulp Properties and Bleachability

15 The Interaction of Xylanase with Pulps: Non-Selective Adsorption and Inactivation of Xylanase

16 Accessibility of Hemicellulose in Hardwood Pulps to Enzymes

17 Effects of Aureobasidium pullulans Xylanase on Properties of Aspen Thermochemical and Kraft Pulps

18 Biomimetic Bleaching of Kraft Pulps

19 The Application of Fungal Enzymes in Flax Retting and the Properties of an Extracellular Polygalacturonase from Penicellium capsulatum

Part III: Waste Treatment

20 Degradation of Chlorinated Phenols and Guaiacols by the White-Rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

21 Dechlorination of Conventional Softwood Bleaching Effluent by Sequential Biological Treatment

22 Treatment of Bleach Plant Effluents by the Mycopor System

23 Decolorization of Kraft Bleached Effluent

24 Polymerization and Depolymerization of Waste Water Lignins by White-Rot Fungi

25 Reduction of AOX in Bleach Plant Effluents by a Combination of Ultrafiltration and Biological Methods

26 Decreasing Chlorinated Organics in Bleaching Effluents in an Anaerobic Fixed Bed Reactor

Part IV: Byproduct Bioconversion

27 Fodder and Yeast Production at a Czechoslovakian Pulp Mill

28 Fermentation of Hemicellulose Sugars from Spent Sulfite Liquor into Fungal Biomass with Various Fungi and Characterization of Lignin Isolated from Fermentation Broth

29 Production of Ethanol from Xylose by Candida shehatae Grown Under Continuous or Fed-Batch Conditions

30 Fermentation of Xylose in Sulfite Spent Liquor

31 Changes in the Rate of Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Surface Area Available to Cellulase with Pretreatment Methods

32 SO2 Steam Explosion of Pine Sawdust: Maximization of Saccharification Yields after Enzymatic Detoxification of Washing Liquors

Part V: Fundamental Studies of Lignin Biodegradation

33 Degradation of Synthetic Lignin (DHP) by the Lignin Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

34 Degradation Mechanisms of Phenolic β-O-4 Lignin Substructure Model Compounds by Laccase of Coriolus versicolor

35 NMR Studies of Lignin Degradation

36 Enzymatic Modification of Lignin in Organic Solvents

37 On the Metabolism of 3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl Alcohol and its Methyl Ether by Phanerochaete Chrysosporium

38 metabolism of Veratric Acid by Lignin-Degrading White-Rot Fungi

Part VI: Fundamental Studies in Cellulose and Hemicellulose Biodegradation

39 Catalytic Activities of Lignin-Degrading Enzymes from the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata: Lignin Model Compound Studies

40 Purification and Characterization of a Manganese-Dependent Peroxidase from Lentinula edodes

41 Isozymes of the Manganese(II)-Dependent Peroxidase in the White-Rot Basidiomycete Trametes versicolor

42 Lignin-Modifying Enzymes from the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata

43 Manganese Peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: Biochemical and Genetic Characterization

44 Glyoxal Oxidase and the Extracellular Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

45 The Regulation of Lignin Peroxidase as well as Nitrogen Metabolism in Mutants of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

46 Lignin Peroxidase Production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium Immobilized on Sintered Glass

47 Biomimetic Studies of Lignin Degradation and Bleaching

48 Progress on the Crystal Structure Elucidation of Lignin Peroxidase from the White-Rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

49 Metabolism of Lignin-Related Dimeric Structures by Pseudomonas fluorescens Biovar I

50 Pathway for Cα — Cß Cleavage of Diaryl Propane Lignin Model Compounds by Pseudomonas sp.

51 Protoplast Formation and Regeneration of Dilignol-Degrading Strains of Alkalophilic Corynebacterium

Part VII: Molecular Genetics Research on Lignocellulose-Degrading Microorganisms

52 Molecular Cloning of the Genes Specifying the Enzymes Involved in the Lignin Model Compound Degradation by the Soil Bacterium Pseudomonas paucimobilis SYK-6

53 The Cellulase of the Rumen Anaerobic Fungus Neocallimastix frontalis

54 A Common Structural and Functional Design for Fungal Cellulose Degradation

55 Binding Domains of Cellulomonas fimi Cellulases

56 Cloning of the Cellulase Gene from Clostridium josui and its Expression in Escherichia coli

57 Nucleotide Sequence of the Cellulase Gene from Ruminococcus albus and Properties of Its Translation Product

58 Enzymatic Solubilization of Xylans

59 Cloning, Sequence Analysis and Expression of Xylan-Degrading Enzymes from the Thermophile Caldocellum saccharolyticum

60 Trichoderma reesei as a Production Organism for Enzymes for the Pulp and Paper Industry

61 Extracellular Peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium: cDNA Cloning Expression

62 Cloning and Sequencing of Ligninase Genes of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Screening of Lignin Degrading Fungi Using DNA Probes

63 Multiple Lignin Peroxidase Gene-Related Sequences in White-Rot Fungi

64 Characterization of Genes Coding for Ligninolytic Enzymes of the White-Rot Fungus Phlebia radiata

65 Cloning of a cDNA for the Ligninolytic Laccase and Analysis of Laccase Isozymes from Coriolus versicolor

66 Inheritance of Cellulose- and Lignin-Degrading Ability and Endoglucanase Isozyme Patterns in Dichomitus squalens

67 Mutagenesis of the Lignin Peroxidase Genes of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

68 Molecular Analysis of Lignocellulolytic Enzymes of the Edible Mushroom Agaricus bisporus


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About the Editor

T. Kent Kirk

Hou-Min Chang

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