Thermozymes (C. Vieille, D.S. Burdette, J.G. Zeikus). Production of secondary metabolites by solid state fermentation (J. Barrios-Gonzales, A. Mejia). Genetics of lactobacilli in food fermentations (R.F. Vogel, M. Ehrmann). Nitrogen fixing root nodule symbioses: legume nodules and actinorhizal nodules (K. Pawlowski, A. Riberio, T. Bisseling). Using non-viral genes to engineer virus resistance in plants (M. Tepfer, C. Robaglia). Transgenic fish (T.T. Chen et al.). Chitin biotechnology applications (S. Hirano). ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase: basic science and applications in biotechnology (J. Preiss). The chemical degradation of starch: Old reactions and new frontiers (R. Hollingsworth). Biotechnological applications of the disaccharide trehalose (C.L.A. Paiva, A.D. Panek). Electrostatics of proteins (S.B. Petersen et al.). Biochemical and molecular approaches for pravastatin, a potent cholesterol-lowering drug (N. Serizawa). Novel molecular biology approaches to acellular vaccines (R. Rappouli, M. Pizza). Strategies and applications of DNA level diagnosis in genetic diseases: past experiences and future directions (S.M. Singh et al.). Molecular genetics as a diagnostic tool in farm animals (G. Stranzinger, D.F. Went). Biotechnology in developing countries: Critical issues of technological capability building (R. Acharya, J. Mugabe). Index of authors. Keyword index.