Bioscience and Bioengineering of Titanium Materials

Bioscience and Bioengineering of Titanium Materials

2nd Edition - December 1, 2012
This is the Latest Edition
  • Author: Yoshiki Oshida
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444626264

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The second edition of Bioscience and Bioengineering of Titanium Materials is an essential resource for anyone researching titanium in its fundamental aspects and in medical/dental applications. The book organizes and processes the findings from over 2,000 published articles and studies into a coherent and easily accessible volume, deftly weaving together older and newer technologies to give a clear overview. Bridging the gap between medical/dental and engineering/technology areas, the book covers material classification, fabrication and modification, as well as applications and biological reactions to titanium implants. The author, with extensive work in academics and industry, helps medical practitioners and students answer many practical questions, including: What is titanium? What type of titanium materials should I use in this case? How can I fabricate my design using titanium? Are there any alternative materials or methods? In the second edition, macro-, micro-, and nano-texturing of titanium surfaces, tissue engineering-related materials including scaffolds, and functionally graded materials and structures are extensively included and analyzed.

Key Features

  • Provides quick access to the primary literature in this field
  • Up-to-date information on nanoscience and nanotechnology developments
  • Helps answer questions about the most appropriate materials to use and when to use them


Materials scientists, students, and engineers working in biomaterials research and applications.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication


    Preface for the Second Edition

    1. Introduction


    2. Materials Classification

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2. General Classification

    2.3. Medical/Dental Titanium Materials


    3. Chemical and Electrochemical Reactions

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Discoloration

    3.3. Corrosion in Media Containing Fluorine Ion and Bleaching Agents

    3.4. Corrosion under Influences of Environmental and Mechanical Actions

    3.5. Metal Ion Release and Dissolution

    3.6. Galvanic Corrosion

    3.7. Microbiology-Induced Corrosion

    3.8. Reaction with Hydrogen


    4. Oxidation and Oxides

    4.1. Introduction

    4.2. Formation of Titanium Oxides

    4.3. Influences on Biological Processes

    4.4. Crystal Structures of Titanium Oxides

    4.5. Characterization of Oxides

    4.6. Unique Applications of Titanium Oxide

    4.7. Oxide Growth, Stability, and Breakdown

    4.8. Reaction with Hydrogen Peroxide

    4.9. Applications of Advanced Technologies


    5. Mechanical and Tribological Behaviors

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Fatigue

    5.3. Fretting

    5.4. Fracture and Fracture Toughness

    5.5. Biotribological Actions

    5.6. Improvement for Antitribological Deterioration


    6. Biological Reactions

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Toxicity

    6.3. Cytocompatibility (Toxicity to Cells)

    6.4. Allergic Reaction

    6.5. Metabolism

    6.6. Biocompatibility

    6.7. Biomechanical Compatibility


    7. Implant-Related Biological Reactions

    7.1. Introduction

    7.2. Bone Healing

    7.3. Bone Grafting

    7.4. Hemocompatibility

    7.5. Cell Adhesion, Adsorption, Spreading, and Proliferation

    7.6. Roughness and Cellular Response to Biomaterials

    7.7. Cell Growth

    7.8. Tissue Reaction and Bone Ingrowth

    7.9. Osteointegration and Bone–Implant Interface

    7.10. Some Adverse Factors for Loosening Implants

    7.11. Nonmetallic Implants


    8. Implant Application

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Intraoral Implants Versus Extraoral Implants

    8.3. Clinical Reports

    8.4. Surface and Interface Characterizations

    8.5. Reactions in Chemical and Mechanical Environments

    8.6. Reaction in Biological Environment

    8.7. Surface Modification Effects


    9. Other Applications

    9.1. Introduction

    9.2. Denture Bases

    9.3. Crowns and Bridges, and Abutment

    9.4. Clasps

    9.5. Posts and Cores

    9.6. Titanium Fiber and Oxide Powder as Reinforcement for Bone Cement

    9.7. Sealer Material

    9.8. Shape Memory Effect Dental Implant

    9.9. Orthodontic Appliances

    9.10. Endodontic Files and Reamers

    9.11. Clamps and Staples

    9.12. Stents

    9.13. MRI Safety and Image Compatibility


    10. Fabrication Technologies

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. Casting

    10.3. Machining

    10.4. Electro-discharge Machining

    10.5. CAD/CAM

    10.6. Isothermal Forging

    10.7. Superplastic Forming

    10.8. DB and SPF/DB

    10.9. Powder Metallurgy

    10.10. Metal Injection Molding

    10.11. Mechanical Alloying

    10.12. Laser Processing

    10.13. Friction Stir Welding

    10.14. Soldering

    10.15. Heat Treatment

    10.16. Coating

    10.17. Electrospinning

    10.18. Electron Beam Melting

    10.19. Additive Manufacturing


    11. Surface Modifications

    11.1. Introduction

    11.2. Mechanical Modification

    11.3. Chemical, Electrochemical, Thermal, and Physical Modifications

    11.4. Coating

    11.5. Collagen, Protein, and CHI Coating

    11.6. Coloring


    12. Advanced Materials, Technologies, and Processes

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Materials, Structures, and Processes

    12.3. Functionally Graded Materials and Design Concept

    12.4. Controlled Porosity/Foamed Structures

    12.5. Near-Net Shape Forming

    12.6. Nanotechnology—Materials and Structures

    12.7. Hybridization and Multifunctionality

    12.8. Bioengineering and Biomaterial-Integrated Implant System



Product details

  • No. of pages: 516
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: December 1, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444626264
  • About the Author

    Yoshiki Oshida

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor Emeritus, School of Dentistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA Research Professor, College of Engineering, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA Adjunct Professor, School of Dentistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

    Latest reviews

    (Total rating for all reviews)

    • Mari K. Tue Oct 26 2021

      an useful book for knowing titanium

      This book is very useful in knowing titanium based on research.