Biomimicry for Materials, Design and Habitats

Biomimicry for Materials, Design and Habitats

Innovations and Applications

1st Edition - February 21, 2022

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  • Editors: Marjan Eggermont, Vikram Shyam, Aloysius Hepp
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128210543
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128210536

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Biomimicry for Materials, Design and Habitats: Innovations and Applications and is a survey of the recent work of recognized experts in a variety of fields who employ biomimicry and related paradigms to solve key problems of interest within design, science, technology, and society. Topics covered include innovations from biomimicry in materials, product design, architecture, and biological sciences. The book is a useful resource for educators, designers, researchers, engineers, and materials scientists, taking them from the theory behind biomimicry to real world applications. Living systems have evolved innovative solutions to challenges that humans face on a daily basis. Nonlinear multifunctional systems that have a symbiotic relationship with their environment are the domain of nature. Morphological solutions for buildings inspired by nature can be used for skins, surfaces, and structures to facilitate environmental adaptation of buildings to increase occupant comfort and reduce energy demands. Birds can teach us to produce novel structures, 3D printing can be informed by oysters and mussels, and mycelium may show us the way to fabricate new biocomposites in architecture. Therefore, it is in nature that we seek inspiration for the solutions to tomorrow’s challenges.

Key Features

  • Presents new directions in education and the various applications of biomimicry within industry, including bio-inspired entrepreneurship
  • Discusses the role of biomimicry in education, innovation, and product design
  • Covers applications in systems engineering and design, novel materials with applications in 3D printing, and bio-inspired architecture
  • Includes perspectives on sustainability detailing the role that bio-inspiration or biomimicry plays in sustainability


Materials Scientists and Engineers in R&D and academia

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Part I: Biomimicry education: Tools and perspectives
  • Chapter 1. Biom*: On becoming a teachable discipline
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 What is a discipline?
  • 1.3 Teaching the skills of biomimetics
  • 1.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Introduction to bio-inspired materials: Design, processing and applications
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Natural materials: Novel structures, enhanced properties, and applications
  • 2.3 Applications of bio-inspired polymers and related soft materials
  • 2.4 Applications of biomimetics in materials science
  • 2.5 Application of biomimicking in architecture
  • 2.6 Advances in bio-inspired medical materials
  • 2.7 Mimicking marine life
  • 2.8 Summary and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3. The pattern alphabet: Nature’s patterns are the language of spatial reasoning and biomimicry
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 The pattern alphabet
  • 3.3 Spatial skills
  • 3.4 Biomimicry
  • 3.5 Points of engagement
  • 3.6 Recommendations
  • 3.7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Material culture, design studies, and human ecology: A biocentered perspective
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Context of design innovation
  • 4.3 Naturally material and cultural
  • 4.4 The nature of design innovation
  • 4.5 Inter-connected habitats natura
  • 4.6 Innovating biocentered praxis
  • 4.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Inspiration from paleomimetics: Fossil does not equal failure
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 A chronology of world views on fossils, evolution and extinction
  • 5.2 Biomimicry and extinction
  • 5.3 Understanding the process and predictors of extinction
  • 5.4 Yesterday informs today
  • 5.5 Practical challenges and opportunities in paleomimesis
  • 5.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Part II: Bio-inspired systems engineering and computer applications
  • Chapter 6. Biomimicry for natural and synthetic composites and use of machine learning in hierarchical design
  • Abstract
  • List of abbreviations
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Natural materials and synthetic composites
  • 6.3 Artificial intelligence in hierarchical design
  • 6.4 Final remarks
  • Acknowlegments
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Tools, behavior, and materials: What should we learn from animal nest construction?
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Birds
  • 7.3 Termites
  • 7.4 Humans in context
  • 7.5 Potential for biomimetic application
  • 7.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Sample digitization techniques for bio-inspired engineering
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Bioinspiration
  • 8.2 Digitization
  • 8.3 Case studies for research use
  • 8.4 Future of digitization
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Assessment of an ant-inspired algorithm for path planning
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Preliminaries
  • 9.3 Enhanced gain-based ant colony optimization
  • 9.4 Results and discussion
  • 9.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Part III: Bio-inspired innovation: Materials, manufacturing and applications
  • Chapter 10. Functional synergy of biomimicry and additive manufacturing: Toward a bio-enhanced engineering approach
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Additive manufacturing technologies
  • 10.3 The roles of additive manufacturing in biomimetic research
  • 10.4 Workflow for additive manufacturing in biomimicry
  • 10.5 Future outlook and potential
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Smart textiles through bio-inspired innovation
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Biomimetic functional textile surfaces
  • 11.3 Biomimetic textiles for thermal comfort
  • 11.4 Biomimetic electronic textiles
  • 11.5 Biomimetic actuation and morphing in textiles
  • 11.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Polymerization in nature yields clues to innovation in additive manufacturing
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Additive manufacturing
  • 12.3 Phase one: Autodesk and the Ember stereolithography printer
  • 12.4 The 2015 Greener Solutions graduate course
  • 12.5 The 2019 Greener Solutions course: Safer materials proposed for this new SLA approach
  • 12.6 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Syntheses, mechanisms, and applications of bio-inspired self-cleaning surfaces
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Self-cleaning in wet conditions
  • 13.3 Self-cleaning under dry conditions
  • 13.4 Multi-functional self-cleaning surfaces
  • 13.5 Summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Commercialization journeys: Bringing biomimetic innovation to the market
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction: The value of ecosystem services
  • 14.2 What is biomimicry?
  • 14.3 Formulating an idea
  • 14.4 Biomimicry design process
  • 14.5 Innovative startups and small and medium enterprise
  • 14.6 Evolution of entrepreneurship and sustainability
  • 14.7 The innovation economy
  • 14.8 The trifecta of desirability, feasibility, and viability (IDEO U)
  • 14.9 Biomimicry as innovation
  • 14.10 Biomimicry commercialization process
  • 14.11 Key steps of the biomimetic innovation process
  • 14.12 Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix 14A Technical feasibility and viability
  • Appendix 14B Business feasibility and viability
  • Appendix 14C Important factors impacting biomimicry technology
  • Part IV: Biomimetic habitation: Architecture and sustainable environments
  • Chapter 15. Morphological differentiation for the environmental adaptation of biomimetic buildings: Skins, surfaces, and structures
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Adaptive building solutions
  • 15.3 Environmental adaptation in nature
  • 15.4 Biomimetics: Functional convergences and multi-functionality
  • 15.5 Morphological differentiation
  • 15.6 Morphological applications for environmental adaptation: Skins–surfaces–structures
  • 15.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 16. A case study in biomimetic roofing: Moisture dissipation from leaf-shaped shingles
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Study approach and methods
  • 16.3 Study results
  • 16.4 Discussion of study results
  • 16.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Design studies and applications of mycelium biocomposites in architecture
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Mycelium as a biodesign collaborator
  • 17.3 Potential use of mycelium in architectural design and construction: Overview of in-house efforts
  • 17.4 Work of Biodesign Team Turkey on mycelium composites
  • 17.5 Work of Stuttgart University on mycelium composites
  • 17.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 18. Green Harbors Project: Biomimicry in action
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Green Harbors Project overview
  • 18.2 Why restore native oysters and their reefs?
  • 18.3 Green Harbor Project in Wellfleet Harbor, MA, USA
  • 18.4 Green Harbor Project results and discussion
  • 18.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 590
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 21, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128210543
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128210536

About the Editors

Marjan Eggermont

Dr. Marjan Eggermont is a Teaching Professor and faculty member at the University of Calgary in the Mechanical and Manufacturing department of the Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary. She is also the Academic Director for Sustainable Engineering. Dr. Eggermont teaches in the areas of graphics, engineering design, visualization, and biomimicry. She co-founded and designs Zygote Quarterly (ZQ), an online journal to provide a platform to showcase the nexus of science and design using case studies, news, and articles. In 2005, she was one of the recipients of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Curriculum Innovation Award. She is a former board member of the American Society of Engineering Education.

Affiliations and Expertise

Teaching Professor, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Vikram Shyam

Dr. Vikram Shyam is an adjunct professor at the University of Akron in the Mechanical Engineering department. He is also a research aerospace engineer who works as a futurist for NASA. He is the founder of the Virtual Interchange for Nature-Inspired Exploration (V.I.N.E.) at NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center. His interests include artificial intelligence, biomimicry, innovation design and futurology. Dr. Shyam is the recipient of NASA’s Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE).

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Akron, OH, USA

Aloysius Hepp

Aloysius F. Hepp earned a PhD in Inorganic Photochemistry in 1983 from MIT. He retired in December 2016 from the Photovoltaic & Electrochemical Systems Branch of the NASA Glenn Research Center. He was a visiting fellow at Harvard University from 1992-3. He was awarded the NASA Exceptional Achievement medal in 1997. He has also served as an adjunct faculty member at University of Albany and Cleveland State University. He has been Chief Technologist, Nanotech Innovations LLC, Oberlin, OH, USA since 2012. Dr. Hepp has co-authored nearly 200 publications (including six patents) focused on processing of thin film and nanomaterials for I-III-VI solar cells, Li-ion batteries, integrated power devices and flight experiments, and precursors and spray pyrolysis deposition of sulfides and carbon nanotubes. He has co-edited twelve books on advanced materials processing, energy conversion and electronics, biomimicry and aerospace technologies. He is currently Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing (MSSP) and is currently the chair of the International Advisory Board of MSSP, as well as serving on the Editorial Advisory Boards of Mater. Sci. and Engin. B and Heliyon - all Elsevier journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Technologist, Nanotech Innovations LLC and a Science Advisory Board Member, CoreWater Technologies, Inc., Oberlin, OH, USA

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