Biomedical Hydrogels - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845695903, 9780857091383

Biomedical Hydrogels

1st Edition

Biochemistry, Manufacture and Medical Applications

Editors: Steve Rimmer
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845695903
eBook ISBN: 9780857091383
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 26th February 2011
Page Count: 288
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Table of Contents

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Part I: Processing of hydrogels

Chapter 1: Hydrogel swelling behavior and its biomedical applications

Abstract:

1.1 Basics of hydrogels

1.2 Swelling of hydrogels: water diffusion into hydrogels

1.3 Stimulus-responsive hydrogels

1.4 Examples of environment-sensitive hydrogels

1.5 Future trends

Chapter 2: Superabsorbent cellulose-based hydrogels for biomedical applications

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Cellulose-based hydrogels and crosslinking strategies

2.3 Hydrogel properties and thermodynamics

2.4 Applications

2.5 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Synthesis of hydrogels for biomedical applications: control of structure and properties

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Cross-linking of high molecular weight polymers

3.3 Copolymerization with multi-functional monomers

3.4 Multiphase hydrogels

3.5 Functional hydrogels

3.6 Conclusion

Chapter 4: Processing and fabrication technologies for biomedical hydrogels

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Applications

4.3 Gelation

4.4 Physical crosslinking

4.5 Photopolymerization and photopatterning

4.6 Stereolithography

4.7 Two-photon laser scanning photolithography

4.8 Processing of multicomponent hydrogels

4.9 Future trends

4.10 Acknowledgements

Chapter 5: Regulation of novel biomedical hydrogel products

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Regulatory jurisdictions

5.3 Regulatory frameworks

5.4 Risk-based device classification

5.5 Non-clinical testing

5.6 Clinical data and studies

5.7 Marketing authorization processes

5.8 Quality system requirements

5.9 Post-market requirements

5.10 Future trends

5.11 Sources of further information and advice

Part II: Applications of hydrogels

Chapter 6: Spinal disc implants using hydrogels

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Intervertebral disc

6.3 Disc implant

6.4 Conclusion

Chapter 7: Hydrogels for intraocular lenses and other ophthalmic prostheses

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Intraocular lenses

7.3 Vitreous substitutes

7.4 Tissue adhesives

7.5 Conclusions

7.5 Acknowledgements

Chapter 8: Cartilage replacement implants using hydrogels

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Historical background in cartilage repair and injury: existing therapies

8.3 First and second generation tissue engineering

8.4 Third generation tissue engineering

8.5 Future trends

Chapter 9: Hydrogels for wound healing applications

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Requirements of an ideal wound care system

9.3 Hydrogels for wound healing applications

9.4 Natural hydrogels for wound healing applications

9.5 Synthetic and other hydrogels for wound healing applications

9.6 Commercial dressings

9.7 Future trends

9.8 Conclusion

9.10 Appendix: list of abbreviations

Chapter 10: Imaging hydrogel implants in situ

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Rationale for imaging implants in situ

10.3 Imaging modalities and their advantages and disadvantages for the in situ imaging of hydrogel implants

10.4 Challenges of imaging in situ

10.5 Contrast enhancement

10.6 Characterization of implants (in vitro and in vivo)

10.7 Characterization of in vivo healing

10.8 Conclusions

10.9 Sources of further information and advice

Index


Description

Hydrogels are very important for biomedical applications because they can be chemically manipulated to alter and control the hydrogel’s interaction with cells and tissues. Their flexibility and high water content is similar to that of natural tissue, making them extremely suitable for biomaterials applications. Biomedical hydrogels explores the diverse range and use of hydrogels, focusing on processing methods and novel applications in the field of implants and prostheses.

Part one of this book concentrates on the processing of hydrogels, covering hydrogel swelling behaviour, superabsorbent cellulose-based hydrogels and regulation of novel hydrogel products, as well as chapters focusing on the structure and properties of hydrogels and different fabrication technologies. Part two covers existing and novel applications of hydrogels, including chapters on spinal disc and cartilage replacement implants, hydrogels for ophthalmic prostheses and hydrogels for wound healing applications. The role of hydrogels in imaging implants in situ is also discussed.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Biomedical hydrogels is an excellent reference for biomedical research scientists and engineers in industry and academia, as well as others involved in research in this area, such as research clinicians.

Key Features

  • Examines the diverse range and use of hydrogels, focusing on processing methods and novel applications
  • Comprehensive book explores the structure and properties of hydrogels and different fabrication technologies
  • Covers important areas such as processing of hydrogels, covering hydrogel swelling behaviour, superabsorbent cellulose-based hydrogels and regulation of novel hydrogel products

Readership

Biomedical research scientists and engineers in industry and academia as well as others involved in research in this area, such as research clinicians


Details

No. of pages:
288
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857091383
Hardcover ISBN:
9781845695903
Paperback ISBN:
9780081017418

Reviews

"…the book is the perfect lead for researchers interested in hydrogels to be applied for biomedical purposes. It offers a comprehensive overview of the complete route a hydrogel should follow going from developmental stage to clinical application and legislation."--Biomat.net, March 2014


About the Editors

Steve Rimmer Editor

Steve Rimmer is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at Sheffield University.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Sheffield, UK