Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond

Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond

1st Edition - June 18, 2022

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  • Editors: Valentina Emilia Balas, Oana Geman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323851909
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323851749

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Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond presents biomedical engineering applications used to manage people’s disabilities and care for the elderly to improve their quality of life and extend life expectancy. This edited book covers all aspects of assistive technologies, including the Internet of Things (IoT), telemedicine, e-Health, m-Health, smart sensors, robotics, devices for rehabilitation, and "serious" games. This book will prove useful for bioengineers, computer science undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, practitioners, biomedical engineering students, healthcare workers, and medical doctors. This volume introduces recent advances in biomaterials, sensors, cellular engineering, biomedical devices, nanotechnology, and biomechanics applied in caring for the elderly and people with disabilities. The unique focus of this book is on the needs of this user base during emergency and disaster situations. The content includes risk reduction, emergency planning, response, disaster recovery, and needs assessment. This book offers readers multiple perspectives on a wide range of topics from a variety of disciplines. This book answers two key questions: What challenges will the elderly and people with disabilities face during a pandemic? How can new (or emerging) advances in biomedical engineering help with these challenges?

Key Features

  • Includes coverage of smart protective care tools, disinfectants, sterilization equipment and equipment for rapid and accurate COVID-19 diagnosis
  • Focuses on the limitations and challenges faced by the elderly and people with disabilities in pandemic situations, such as limitations on leaving their homes and having caregivers and family visit their homes. How can technology help?
  • Discusses tools, platforms and techniques for managing patients with COVID-19


Biomedical engineers, computer engineers, roboticists, occupational and physiotherapists, rehabilitation engineers, and healthcare providers. Researchers in medical devices and students in engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1. Physical activities for the elderly in a pandemic context during a relaxation of restrictions
  • 1. SARS-CoV-2 and the pandemic context in Romania
  • 2. Physical fitness
  • 3. Energy systems required during exertion
  • 4. Physical fitness workout principles
  • 5. The effects of the aging process
  • 6. Goals for a healthy lifestyle
  • 7. Assessment of physical fitness of the elderly through tests
  • 8. Outdoor physical exercise and monitoring the effort through electronic devices
  • Chapter 2. Intelligent remote system for assessing a subject's health during sleep
  • 1. Comfort and disease prevention using smart systems
  • 2. Methods and algorithms used in data analysis
  • 3. Project description
  • 4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. A study on the recent developments in voltammetric sensors for the β-blocker propranolol hydrochloride
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Electrochemical sensors for the detection of PRO
  • 3. Conclusion and future perspective
  • Chapter 4. Cloud-IoMT-based wearable body sensors network for monitoring elderly patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Internet of Medical Things for COVID-19
  • 3. The wearable body sensors network for COVID-19
  • 4. Cloud-IoMT-based WBSN framework for monitoring elderly patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 5. Practical case for CI-WBSN monitoring of elderly patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 6. Discussion and future research directions
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Indoor physical activities for the elderly during the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and the emergency state in Romania
  • 2. Motor capacity and physical activity
  • 3. Warm-up before physical activities
  • 4. Physical exercises and prophylaxis
  • 5. Diet and physical activities
  • 6. Aging
  • 7. Indoor physical activities and maintaining of the health status and exertion
  • Chapter 6. Animated line, bar, and bubble plots for better COVID case analysis: Using R programming
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methods
  • 3. Animated line plot
  • 4. Animated bar plot
  • 5. Bubble plot animation
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Applications of physical activity before and during the COVID-19 pandemic for the elderly
  • 1. Biopsychomotor particulars of senior citizens
  • 2. Applications of aquatic activity in the third age
  • 3. Applications of physical activity—medical gymnastics
  • 4. Evaluation methods
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Recovery activities for the locomotor system during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. Theoretical-methodical aspects of pathophysiology of posttraumatic sequelae
  • 2. Development of recovery programs for musculoskeletal injuries during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 3. Methods of evaluation of the musculoskeletal system
  • 4. Complementary methods and techniques in posttraumatic recovery of the musculoskeletal system
  • Chapter 9. The emerging association between boredom, COVID-19 anxiety, and aggressiveness in imposed prolonged social isolation
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Materials and methods
  • 3. Results and discussion
  • 4. Discussions and conclusion
  • Chapter 10. COVID-19 research: Open data resources and challenges
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 and data-driven techniques
  • 3. Medical image data sources
  • 4. Useful text datasets on COVID-19
  • 5. Mobility datasets
  • 6. Speech dataset
  • 7. Challenges and future directions
  • 8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 11. Comprehending COVID-19 as a contact network
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Graph theory for COVID-19
  • 3. Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. Coronavirus: Diagnosis, detection, and analysis
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Effects of COVID-19 on the respiratory system
  • 3. Symptoms of COVID-19
  • 4. Transmission of COVID-19
  • 5. Diagnosis of COVID-19
  • 6. Biosensors for coronavirus detection
  • 7. Detection and measurement of bios-Species at the circuit level
  • 8. Engineered nanomaterials with an artificial intelligence prediction model
  • 9. Prediction and analysis with a machine learning approach
  • 10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Artificial intelligence: A boon for COVID-19 disease management
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Background
  • 3. Some AI technologies that are helping to combat COVID-19: Part A
  • 4. Some AI technologies that are helping in combating COVID-19: Part B
  • 5. Global health challenges and AI
  • 6. Limitations of AI
  • 7. Other updates about the COVID-19 vaccine
  • 8. Future work and conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies in a COVID-19 pandemic scenario: Focus on rectal and cervical cancers
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer in a COVID-19 scenario. Is it time for a step back after a more aggressive approach?
  • 3. Multimodal treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer in a COVID-19 outbreak: Therapeutic options and arguments
  • 4. Radiotherapy: A cornerstone of treatment for cervix cancer
  • 5. The treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer in the COVID-19 era: A radiobiological approach
  • Chapter 15. A warehouse of information, COVID HUB: Data handling made simple!
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Literature survey
  • 3. Proposed methodology
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 16. Publisher software application for Braille devices
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Theoretical foundation of the application
  • 3. Description of the application
  • 4. Experimental results
  • 5. Conclusions
  • 6. Future work
  • Chapter 17. Challenges caused by the pandemic for the recovery program of cervical disc herniation
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Clinical aspects of cervical disc herniation
  • 3. Examination for cervical disc herniation
  • 4. General treatment
  • 5. Research
  • 6. Data analysis
  • 7. Conclusions of the research
  • Chapter 18. Strength training program for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
  • 1. What is osteoporosis?
  • 2. Osteogenesis and osteolysis
  • 3. Risk factors
  • 4. The influence of exercise on muscle mass and bone cells
  • 5. Strength training program for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
  • Chapter 19. The role of vitamin D and physical activity on osteopenia and osteoporosis
  • 1. Bone physiology
  • 2. Epidemiology of osteoporosis
  • 3. Bone mineral density
  • 4. Vitamin D and osteoporosis
  • 5. Physical activity and osteoporosis
  • Chapter 20. Osteoporosis: Evaluation and complications
  • 1. Osteoporosis: Evaluation
  • 2. Assessing the quality of life among patients with osteoporosis
  • 3. Osteoporosis: Possible complications
  • Chapter 21. Sedentarism—A predominant factor in difficult post-COVID-19 recovery
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 22. Improving the body’s immunity against SARS-CoV-2 through exercise
  • Chapter 23. Respiratory dispositive with intelligent shape-memory alloy wires to help artificial ventilation during sleep for SARS-CoV patients
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Shape-memory alloys (SMA) in hot shape (austenitic structure)
  • 3. Programmable belt-type device for improving artificial ventilation with optoelectronic control
  • 4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 24. Smart sensing and actuators for people with hand motion impairment: assessment and support
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Prosthetic systems
  • 3. Electromyography
  • 4. Smart sensing and actuators for people with hand motion impairment
  • 5. Prosthesis realization
  • 6. Testing and results
  • 7. Conclusion
  • 8. Future directions
  • Chapter 25. Inner and outer conflicts born during the COVID-19 lockdown: A thematic analysis perspective
  • 1. General overview
  • 2. Local context of the pandemic
  • 3. Methodology and thematic analysis
  • 4. Themes that emerged from the interviews
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 26. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychomotric components in chess games for children aged 8–10
  • 1. Conceptual delimitation regarding the psychomotor training of chess-playing children aged 8–10
  • 2. Personal contributions on identifying aspects of psychomotor skills in the game of chess
  • 3. Psychomotor skills applied in physical education and sports
  • 4. Biopsychomotor features of children aged 8–10
  • Initial conclusions
  • 5. Methodology used for research
  • 6. Methods and means specific to physical education and sports regarding the psychomotor training of children aged between 8 and 10 years online and on site within the COVID-19 pandemic conditions
  • 7. Means used to develop psychomotor skills in the offline environment (normal face-to-face)
  • 8. Means used for the development of psychomotor qualities in the online environment
  • 9. Description of the main psychomotor qualities and their development
  • 10. Tests applied to research on psychomotor testing of children aged 8–10
  • 11. Organizing and conducting research: Research subjects
  • 12. Final conclusions
  • Chapter 27. Impact of physical activities on overweight people during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. Current conceptions on obesity
  • 2. Obesity in children and adolescents
  • 3. Obesity in adults
  • 4. Adipose tissue – anatomy and physiology
  • 5. Combating obesity through physical activities and other complementary techniques
  • 6. Methods of investigation and evaluation
  • 7. Conclusions
  • Chapter 28. Vulnerabilities and new critical security challenges of the Internet of Things (IoT)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. IoT strategies
  • 3. IoT concept
  • 4. Using blockchain techniques to increase IoT security
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 29. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the physical and mental health of the elderly
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Impact of the pandemic
  • 3. Nutrition and lifestyle
  • 4. Physical activity
  • 5. Effects of aging
  • 6. Recommendations on daily activities
  • 7. Conclusions
  • Chapter 30. A smart virtual vision system for health monitoring
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The need for smart systems
  • 3. The Internet of Things
  • 4. Integration of smart devices and virtual vision system
  • 5. Healthcare monitoring
  • 6. COVID-19 applications
  • 7. Challenges and opportunities
  • 8. Summary and conclusion
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: June 18, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323851909
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323851749

About the Editors

Valentina Emilia Balas

Valentina Emilia Balas
Valentina Emilia Balas is currently a Full Professor in the Department of Automatics and Applied Software at the Faculty of Engineering, “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Romania. She holds a PhD cum Laude in Applied Electronics and Telecommunications from the Polytechnic University of Timisoara. Dr. Balas is the author of more than 350 research papers. She is the Editor-in-Chief of the 'International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms' and the 'International Journal of Computational Systems Engineering', an editorial board member for several other national and international publications, and an expert evaluator for national and international projects and PhD theses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor, Department of Automatics and Applied Software, Faculty of Engineering, "Aurel Vlaicu" University of Arad, Arad, Romania

Oana Geman

Oana Geman is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Education and Sport at the University of Suceava, Romania. She holds a PhD in Electronics and Telecommunication and a postdoc in Computer Science (2012). Over the past 5 years, she has published 6 books and more than 76 articles; her various works have been cited more than 660 times. She is a member of IEEE, has served as the chair or organizer of many international conferences, and is a reviewer for many top journals in the field.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, "Ştefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Suceava, Romania

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