Biomechanics and Gait Analysis

Biomechanics and Gait Analysis

1st Edition - March 25, 2020

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  • Author: Nicholas Stergiou
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128134405
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128133729

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Biomechanics and Gait Analysis presents a comprehensive book on biomechanics that focuses on gait analysis. It is written primarily for biomedical engineering students, professionals and biomechanists with a strong emphasis on medical devices and assistive technology, but is also of interest to clinicians and physiologists. It allows novice readers to acquire the basics of gait analysis, while also helping expert readers update their knowledge. The book covers the most up-to-date acquisition and computational methods and advances in the field. Key topics include muscle mechanics and modeling, motor control and coordination, and measurements and assessments. This is the go to resource for an understanding of fundamental concepts and how to collect, analyze and interpret data for research, industry, clinical and sport.

Key Features

  • Details the fundamental issues leading to the biomechanical analyses of gait and posture
  • Covers the theoretical basis and practical aspects associated with gait analysis
  • Presents methods and tools used in the field, including electromyography, signal processing and spectral analysis, amongst others


Engineers: Ergonomists, Biomedical Engineers, Biomechanists, Mechanical Engineers, Industrial Engineers, Human Factors Specialists. Clinicians: Physical Therapists, Prosthetists, Movement Disorders Specialists, Neurologists. Physiologists: Exercise Physiologists, Animal Physiologists. Psychologists: Motor Behavior Specialists. Kinesiologists: Practitioners, Exercise Scientists

Table of Contents

  • CHAPTER 1 Introduction to biomechanics
    Nick Stergiou
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 The history of biomechanics
    1.3 Areas of biomechanical inquiry: examples of diverse and unique questions in biomechanics
    1.4 A quick look into the future of biomechanics

    CHAPTER 2 Basic biomechanics
    Aaron D. Likens and Nick Stergiou
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Analysis of movement
    2.3 Basic terminology for analyzing movement
    2.4 Basic bio considerations
    2.5 Basic mechanics considerations
    2.6 Summary and concluding remarks

    CHAPTER 3 Advanced biomechanics
    Barry T. Bates, Janet S. Dufek and Nick Stergiou
    3.1 Injuries and biomechanics
    3.2 Biomechanical statistics
    3.3 Final considerations

    CHAPTER 4 Why and how we move: the Stickman story
    Barry T. Bates, Janet S. Dufek and Nick Stergiou
    4.1 Briefly introducing Stickman
    4.2 The Stickman’s evolution of movement
    4.3 The Stickman’s performance of movement
    4.4 The Stickman learns how to move
    4.5 The Stickman’s mechanics
    4.6 The Stickman’s goodbye

    CHAPTER 5 Power spectrum and filtering
    Andreas Skiadopoulos and Nick Stergiou
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 A simple composite wave
    5.3 Spectral analysis
    5.4 Fourier series
    5.5 Discrete Fourier analysis
    5.6 Stationarity and the discrete Fourier transform
    5.7 Short-time discrete Fourier transform
    5.8 Noise
    5.9 Data filtering
    5.10 Practical implementation
    5.11 Conclusion

    CHAPTER 6 Revisiting a classic: Muscles, Reflexes, and Locomotion by McMahon
    Douglas A. Rowen, Aaron D. Likens and Nick Stergiou
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Fundamental muscle mechanics
    6.3 Muscle heat and fuel
    6.4 Contractile proteins
    6.5 Sliding movement: Huxley’s model revisited
    6.6 Force development in the crossbridge
    6.7 Reflexes and motor control
    6.8 Neural control of locomotion
    6.9 Mechanisms of locomotion
    6.10 Effects of scale
    6.11 Conclusion

    CHAPTER 7 The basics of gait analysis
    Luis M. Silva and Nick Stergiou
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 The concept of skill
    7.3 The skill of gait
    7.4 Periods and phases of gait
    7.5 Spatiotemporal parameters of gait
    7.6 Determinants of gait
    7.7 Conclusions

    CHAPTER 8 Gait variability: a theoretical framework for gait analysis and biomechanics
    James T. Cavanaugh and Nick Stergiou
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Conceptual approaches to gait variability
    8.3 Gait analysis and biomechanical measurements for gait variability
    8.4 Examples from clinical research
    8.5 Future directions

    CHAPTER 9 Coordination and control: a dynamical systems approach to the analysis of human gait
    Aaron D. Likens and Nick Stergiou
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Hallmark properties of a dynamical system
    9.3 A dynamical systems approach to gait analysis
    9.4 Applications of relative phase dynamics to human gait
    9.5 Summary and concluding remarks

    CHAPTER 10 A tutorial on fractal analysis of human movements
    Aaron D. Likens and Nick Stergiou
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Fractal theory and its connection to human movement
    10.3 Fractal analysis of time series data
    10.4 Applications to laboratory data
    10.5 Conclusion

    CHAPTER 11 Future directions in biomechanics: 3D printing
    Jorge M. Zuniga and Nick Stergiou
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Lower extremity applications
    11.3 Upper extremity applications
    11.4 Methods for three-dimensional printing assistive devices
    11.5 Anatomical modeling for surgical planning
    11.6 Fracture
    11.7 Upper extremity three-dimensional printed exoskeleton for stroke patients
    11.8 Implementation of a three-dimensional printing research laboratory
    11.9 Current Food and Drug Administration recommendations of three-dimensional printed medical devices
    11.10 Limitations
    11.11 Future perspectives

Product details

  • No. of pages: 412
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: March 25, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128134405
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128133729

About the Author

Nicholas Stergiou

Dr. Nick Stergiou is the Chair of the Department of Biomechanics and the Distinguished Community Research Chair in Biomechanics and Professor as well as the Director of the Biomechanics Research Building and the Center for Research in Human Movement Variability at the University of Nebraska at Omaha where his primary appointment is. He is also a Professor of the Department of Environmental, Agricultural, and Occupational Health of the College of Public Health at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. His research focuses on understanding variability inherent in human movement. Dr. Stergiou’s research spans from infant development to older adult fallers, and has impacted training techniques of surgeons and treatment and rehabilitation techniques of pathologies, such as peripheral arterial disease. He has received more 30 million dollars in personal funding from NIH, NASA, NSF, the NIDRR/US Department of Education, and many other agencies and foundations. He has also several inventions and has procured a private donation of $6 million to build the 23,000 square feet Biomechanics Research Building that has opened in August of 2013. This is the first building dedicated to biomechanics research in the world. It is also the first building on his campus exclusively dedicated to research. He is an international authority in the study of Nonlinear Dynamics and has published more than 200 peer reviewed articles. He has written 2 books already, one for CRC Press.

Affiliations and Expertise

Founding Chair, Department of Biomechanics, University of Nebraska Omaha

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