Biomass-Derived Materials for Environmental Applications

Biomass-Derived Materials for Environmental Applications

1st Edition - May 20, 2022

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  • Editors: Ioannis Anastopoulos, Eder Lima, Lucas Meili, Dimitrios Giannakoudakis
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323919142
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323913942

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Biomass-Derived Materials for Environmental Applications presents state-of-the-art coverage of bio-based materials that can be applied to address the growing global concern of pollutant discharge in the environment. The book examines the production, characterization and application of bio-based materials for remediation. Organized clearly by type of material, the book includes details on lignocellulosic materials, natural clays, carbonaceous materials, composites and advanced materials from natural origins. Readers will find an interdisciplinary and practical examination of these materials and their use in environmental remediation that will be valuable to environmental scientists, materials scientists, environmental chemists, and environmental engineers alike.

Key Features

  • Highlights a wide range of synthetic methodologies, as well as physicochemical and engineered features of bio-based materials for environmental purposes
  • Provides in-depth examination of bio-based materials and their characteristics and advantages in environmental remediation
  • Covers a range of specific materials, including background information, key results, critical discussions, conclusions and future perspectives


Researchers and graduate students working in environmental remediation and environmental engineering, as well as materials science engineers, chemical engineers, green/environmental chemists

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Biography
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 (Radio)toxic metal ion adsorption by plant fibers
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Adsorbent preparation, experimental procedures, and data evaluation
  • 1.3 Adsorption studies
  • 1.4 Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 2 The utilization of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed shells as adsorbent for water pollution remediation
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Adsorbent preparation
  • 2.3 Specific surface area of adsorbents
  • 2.4 Adsorbent performance
  • 2.5 Equilibrium isotherm and kinetics modeling
  • 2.6 Thermodynamics modeling
  • 2.7 Gaps in knowledge and areas for future work
  • Conclusion
  • Disclosure statement
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Application of biochar for the removal of methylene blue from aquatic environments
  • 3.1 Biochar
  • 3.2 Thermochemical process for converting biomass
  • 3.3 Methods of activation
  • 3.4 Biochar composites
  • 3.5 Methylene blue
  • 3.6 Factors affecting the adsorption process
  • 3.7 Role of biochar surface properties on adsorption of dye
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Application of biochar for attenuating heavy metals in contaminated soil: potential implications and research gaps
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Heavy metals abatement/removal in soil
  • 4.3 Biochar production techniques
  • 4.4 Physical and chemical characteristics of biochar
  • 4.5 Use of biochar for immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils
  • 4.6 Factors affecting the immobilization efficiency of biochar
  • 4.7 Mechanisms of biochar-assisted heavy metals immobilization in soils
  • 4.8 Engineered biochar for improving heavy metals immobilization
  • 4.9 Research gaps, future directions, and conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Biomass-derived adsorbents for caffeine removal from aqueous medium
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Synthesis, characterization, and application biomass-based adsorbents for caffeine removal
  • 5.3 Critical and comparative analysis
  • 5.4 Future perspectives and final remarks
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Carbonaceous materials-a prospective strategy for eco-friendly decontamination of wastewater
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Biochar-based materials
  • 6.3 Hydrochar-based materials
  • 6.4 Porous graphitic carbon-based materials
  • 6.5 Future recommendations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Production of carbon-based adsorbents from lignocellulosic biomass
  • 7.1 Lignocellulosic-basic materials as adsorbents
  • 7.2 Hydrochars, biochars, activated carbons, coals
  • 7.3 Activation of carbon material and analytical techniques to define an activated carbon
  • 7.4 Surface area and pore size distribution curves
  • 7.5 Misuse of SEM in adsorption studies
  • 7.6 Functional groups, the hydrophobicity-hydrophilicity ratio of carbon-based adsorbents
  • 7.7 Composites of pyrolyzed lignocellulosic materials and biochars
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Lignin and lignin-derived products as adsorbent materials for wastewater treatment
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Various lignin-derived adsorbents
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Utilization of mussel shell to remediate soils polluted with heavy metals
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Mussel shell characteristics
  • 9.3 Heavy metals adsorption/desorption on/from mussel shell
  • 9.4 Soil remediation using mussel shells
  • 9.5 Remarks and perspectives of future research
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Perspectives of the reuse of agricultural wastes from the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, as new adsorbent materials
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Contextualization of agriculture activity in the state of RS, Brazil
  • 10.3 Composition of agricultural wastes
  • 10.4 Production of bio-based adsorbents
  • 10.5 Application of agricultural waste from RS in adsorption of different pollutants
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Polyvalent metal ion adsorption by chemically modified biochar fibers
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Adsorption models and parameters
  • 11.3 Adsorption studies
  • 11.4 Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Leucaena leucocephala as biomass material for the removal of heavy metals and metalloids
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Materials derivatives from Leucaena leucocephala
  • 12.3 Critical and comparative discussion
  • 12.4 Conclusions
  • 12.5 Challenges and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Potential environmental applications of Helianthus annuus (sunflower) residue-based adsorbents for dye removal in (waste)waters
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 The effect of pH
  • 13.3 Isotherm and kinetic modeling
  • 13.4 Desorption studies
  • 13.5 Thermodynamic studies
  • 13.6 Conclusions and future work
  • References
  • Chapter 14 A review of pine-based adsorbents for the adsorption of dyes
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Adsorbent preparation from pine biomass
  • 14.3 Specific surface area of pine adsorbents
  • 14.4 Pine adsorbent performance for dye uptake
  • 14.5 Equilibrium isotherm and kinetics modeling
  • 14.6 Thermodynamics modeling
  • 14.7 Other adsorption investigations
  • 14.8 Interesting areas for future work
  • Conclusion
  • Disclosure statements
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Utilization of avocado (Persea americana) adsorbents for the elimination of pollutants from water: a review
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Adsorbent preparation from avocado biomass
  • 15.3 Surface properties of avocado adsorbents
  • 15.4 Performance of avocado adsorbents for pollutants uptake
  • 15.5 Equilibrium isotherm and kinetics modeling
  • 15.6 Thermodynamics modeling
  • 15.7 Desorption, reusability, and column adsorption studies
  • 15.8 Competitive adsorption and ionic strength effect
  • 15.9 Knowledge gaps and future perspectives
  • Conclusion
  • Disclosure statements
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Agro-wastes as precursors of biochar, a cleaner adsorbent to remove pollutants from aqueous solutions
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Agricultural wastes as a precursor of biochar
  • 16.3 Biochar production
  • 16.4 Biochar characterization
  • 16.5 Pollutants removal by biochar and biochar-activated carbon
  • 16.6 Environmental footprint of biochar production via life cycle assessment
  • 16.7 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Biomass derived renewable materials for sustainable chemical and environmental applications
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Biomass-derived materials
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 18 Utilization of biomass-derived materials for sustainable environmental pollutants remediation
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Source of heavy metals in wastewater
  • 18.3 Biomass-derived adsorbent used for heavy metal removal
  • 18.4 Adsorption kinetics
  • 18.5 Adsorption isotherm
  • 18.6 Adsorption thermodynamics
  • 18.7 Gaps in knowledge and areas for future work
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: May 20, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323919142
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323913942

About the Editors

Ioannis Anastopoulos

Prof. Dr. Ioannis Anastopoulos is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Agriculture, University of Ioannina, Arta, Greece. His research is focused on the following areas at the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils after receiving organic and inorganic materials, the fabrication of different adsorbents for wastewater treatment, and the use of organic amendments for soil remediation. He is an author of publications in peer-reviewed journals (> 70 articles) with more than 3000 citations. His name is also included in the 2% top world scientists for the year 2019 (Baas, Jeroen; Boyack, Kevin; Ioannidis, John P.A. (2020), “Data for "Updated science-wide author databases of standardized citation indicators", Mendeley Data, V2, DOI: 10.17632/btchxktzyw.2#file-dd0904a8-0eba-4cf3-be4a-c6092261fed5)

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, University of Ioannina, Arta, Greece

Eder Lima

Prof. Lima is a Professor of the Institute of Chemistry at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Prof Lima was editor of the Journal of Hazardous Materials from 2018 to 2020. He was an editor of the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering (JECE) from 2013 to 2018 and Editor of Special Issues of JECE from 2018 to 2019. Now, Prof. Lima is an editor of Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. He has more than 200 published papers. He has been working on the removal of toxic compounds from aqueous effluents using various kinds of adsorbents. His research group is now broadly focused on the use of biomass, in natural and/or chemically modified forms, for the removal of toxic species from industrial effluents; the development of new adsorbent materials such as organo-functionalized silica and silicates, celluloses, and carbon nanotubes; and the production of new activated carbons derived from renewable sources.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Lucas Meili

Dr. Meili is a Full Professor in the Center of Technology at Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil. Prof. Meili graduated in Chemical Engineering from Federal University of Rio Grande (Brazil) and obtained his Doctorate degree in Chemical Engineering from Federal University of São Carlos (Brazil) in 2009. His areas of interest are focused on separation processes, water and wastewater treatment, and synthesis of materials. Particularly he has interest in processes of adsorption of dyes and pharmaceuticals and synthesis of biochars, clays and carbon quantum dots. He has several publications in peer-reviewed journals and he serves as editor of Water Science Technology and Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Center of Technology, Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil

Dimitrios Giannakoudakis

Dr. Dimitrios Giannakoudakis obtained his Chemistry bachelor’s degree from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, continuing with his first master’s degree (“Physical Chemistry & Electrochemistry of Materials”) and his second (“Chemistry Teaching and New Educational Technologies”). In 2012, he became a PhD candidate to the City University of New York (CUNY) focusing on “Nanotechnology and Materials Chemistry.” During his PhD candidacy, he received the James Whittam Award for Research Excellence in Interfacial Phenomena (2016) and his third master’s degree. He continued as a postdoctoral researcher and adjunct tutor at CCNY (2017), at AUTh (2017-2018), and at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of Polish Academy of Sciences (IChF) in Warsaw (2018-2020). Currently, he is Assistant Professor at the IChF. His research focuses on photo/thermo/sono-catalysis, solely or in combination, in diverse environmental and energy applications and on design, functionalization, and physicochemical features characterization of nano-engineered materials/nanocomposites.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Institute of Physical Chemistry of Polish Academy of Sciences, Greece

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