Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Circular Bioeconomy: Technologies for Biofuels and Biochemicals

1st Edition - December 4, 2021

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  • Editors: Sunita Varjani, Ashok Pandey, Thallada Bhaskar, S.Venkata Mohan, Daniel C.W. Tsang
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898553
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323910460

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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Circular Bioeconomy: Technologies for Biofuels and Biochemicals provides comprehensive information on strategies and approaches that facilitate the integration of technologies for the production of bio-based fuels, chemicals and other value-added products from wastes with waste biorefinery concepts and green strategies. The book also covers lifecycle assessment and techno-economic analyses of integrated biorefineries within a circular bioeconomy framework. As there has been continual research on new designs in production and consumerist approaches as we move towards sustainable development by scientists of various disciplines, law makers, environmental activists and industrialists, this book provides the latest details. Resources consumption and environment degradation necessitates a transition of our linear economy towards sustainable social and technical systems. As fossil resources are only projected to fulfill the needs of the population for the next couple of centuries, new tactics and standards must be created to ensure future success.

Key Features

  • Covers recent developments and perspectives on biofuels and chemicals production
  • Provides the latest on the integration of technologies and processes for biofuels and chemicals production
  • Paves a way forward roadmap to achieve Sustainable Development Goals
  • Covers recent developments in lifecycle assessment and techno economic analysis using a waste biorefinery approach


PG/PhD students, policy makers and researchers studying resource recovery, waste to wealth, biorefineries, biomass conversion, bio-products, biofuels, bioprocesses and bio-chemicals etc. Biotechnologists, chemical engineers, biochemical engineers, organic chemists, industrial chemists and microbiologists working in academic institutes, research institutes, industries, policy experts and governmental agencies. Chemical engineers, biochemical engineers, microbiologists, biotechnologists and chemists working in academic institutes, research institutes, industries and governmental agencies

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Section 1: Integrated technologies for the production of biofuels
  • Chapter 1. Sustainable biorefineries for circular bioeconomy
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Circular bioeconomy within the framework of sustainability
  • 1.3 Biorefinery concept for the production of biofuels and bio-based chemicals
  • 1.4 Biorefinery methodologies
  • 1.5 Valorization of resources into biofuels and bio-based chemicals
  • 1.6 Improvement of the biorefinery aspect: integration and cascading of technologies
  • 1.7 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 1.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Sustainable technologies for biodiesel production from microbial lipids
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Sources of microbial lipids
  • 2.3 Substrates for microbial biomass and lipids production
  • 2.4 Bioprocesses for the production of biomass
  • 2.5 Lipid recovery from wet biomass
  • 2.6 Catalysts for biodiesel production from microbial lipids
  • 2.7 Esterification/transesterification
  • 2.8 Life-cycle analysis for biodiesel from microbial lipids
  • 2.9 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 2.10 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Integrated thermochemical and biochemical processes for the production of biofuels and biochemicals
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Biomass conversion processes
  • 3.3 Integrating thermochemical and biochemical processes
  • 3.4 Economic feasibility and commercialization
  • 3.5 Challenges and opportunities
  • 3.6 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 3.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Integrated technologies for extractives recovery, fractionation, and bioethanol production from lignocellulose
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Advances in extractives recovery
  • 4.3 Biomass fractionation
  • 4.4 Challenges in cellulosic bioethanol production
  • 4.5 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 4.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Integrated technologies for biohydrogen production
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Biological regulation technology in the process of biohydrogen production
  • 5.3 Nonbiological regulation technology in the process of biohydrogen production
  • 5.4 Environmental and economy benefits associated with biohydrogen
  • 5.5 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 5.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Section 2: Integrated technologies for the production of chemicals and other value-added products
  • Chapter 6. Integrated bio-based processes for the production of industrially important chemicals
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Importance of bio-based processes
  • 6.3 Common processing routes
  • 6.4 Sugars as feedstock
  • 6.5 Industrially important chemicals
  • 6.6 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 6.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowldgment
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Integrated processing of soybean in a circular bioeconomy
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Industrial processing of soybean and main soy-derived products
  • 7.3 Other commercial products obtained from soybean
  • 7.4 Environmental aspects in the soybean production chain
  • 7.5 Socioeconomic aspects in the soybean production chain
  • 7.6 Valorization of soybean residues
  • 7.7 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 7.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Integrated technologies for the production of antioxidant compounds and prebiotic oligosaccharides from lignocellulosic biomass
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Biomass availability and current biomass processing technology
  • 8.3 Separation of biomass components using ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents
  • 8.4 Conversion of hemicellulose and lignin to value-added chemicals
  • 8.5 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 8.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Integration of technologies for bio-based materials preparation
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Common types of bio-based materials
  • 9.3 Key technologies of bio-based material preparation
  • 9.4 Application of bio-based materials
  • 9.5 The necessity of technology integration
  • 9.6 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 9.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Sustainable technologies for damaged grains utilisation
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Food grains: current global scenario
  • 10.3 Damaged food grains
  • 10.4 Sustainable technologies for the utilization of damaged grains
  • 10.5 Perspective for circular bioeconomy
  • 10.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Sustainable technologies for the production of sophorolipids from renewable wastes
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Nature and structure of sophorolipids
  • 11.3 Microorganisms involved in the production of sophorolipids
  • 11.4 Production of sophorolipids from wastes
  • 11.5 Scaling-up of sophorolipids production
  • 11.6 Industrial applications of sophorolipids
  • 11.7 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 11.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Sustainable chemical and biological technologies for the production of enantiopure added-value molecules in biorefineries
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Biological production of enantiopure molecules
  • 12.3 Chemical production of enantiopure molecules
  • 12.4 Critical evaluation of biological and chemical approaches for the production of enantiopure molecules
  • 12.5 Integrated production of enantiopure D-(+)-sparteine from food wastewater—an illustrative example
  • 12.6 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 12.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 13. Sustainable production and applications of biochar in circular bioeconomy
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Assessment of circular bioeconomy for producing biochar
  • 13.3 Assessment of circular bioeconomy for the applications of biochar
  • 13.4 Perspectives for bioeconomy
  • 13.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Sustainability of biofertilizers and other allied products from genetically modified microorganisms
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Improvement of beneficial bacterial strains by gene technology
  • 14.3 Application of genetic engineering for improvement of beneficial actinomycetes
  • 14.4 Mechanism of action involved by the strains toward promoting plant growth and development
  • 14.5 Application of genetic engineering for improvement of Cyanobacteria
  • 14.6 Application of genetic engineering for improved tolerance to abiotic and biotic stress and plant pathogens and pests
  • 14.7 DNA- and RNA-based techniques for the detection of the impact of the genetically modified microorganism on indigenous microbial community
  • 14.8 Processes for biofertilizer manufacturing
  • 14.9 Limitations, challenges, and efficacy of biofertilizers
  • 14.10 Comparison between biofertilizers produced by genetically modified organisms and conventional fertilizers
  • 14.11 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 14.12 Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 15. Innovative protein and enzyme engineering processes for the production of biomass hydrolyzing enzymes
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Biofuels and fossil fuels
  • 15.3 Biodiesel conversion technologies
  • 15.4 Biomass for biofuels production
  • 15.5 Biomass to biofuels conversion technologies
  • 15.6 Enzymes for biomass conversion
  • 15.7 Improvement in the enzymes for efficient biomass conversion
  • 15.8 Modern approaches to protein engineering
  • 15.9 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 15.10 Conclusions
  • Reference
  • Chapter 16. Circular bioeconomy for biodiesel industry: Upgradation of waste glycerol to value-added products
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Current scenario of biodiesel industry
  • 16.3 Integrated approaches of biodiesel industry
  • 16.4 Glycerol: a major by-product
  • 16.5 Strategies for intensification of product yield
  • 16.6 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 16.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Integrated processes for production of pharmaceutical products from agro-wastes
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Merits and demerits of agro-industrial waste-based biorefineries
  • 17.3 Reduction of waste generation during biorefinery processes
  • 17.4 Biorefinery concept
  • 17.5 Plant waste-based biorefinery
  • 17.6 Techno-economic, environmental, and social assessment of biorefineries
  • 17.7 Production of pharmaceutical products from a biorefinery
  • 17.8 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 17.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 18. Sustainable production of succinic acid by utilization of agricultural wastes
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Platform chemicals
  • 18.3 Succinic acid production by metabolic engineered strains
  • 18.4 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 18.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 19. Circular bioeconomy for stress-resilient fisheries and aquaculture
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Eco-designing of environmental protective and energy-efficient aquaculture production systems
  • 19.3 Valorization by turning inorganic and organic wastes generated from capture fisheries, aquaculture production and processing industries into resources/valuable products
  • 19.4 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 19.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 20. Algae as sustainable food in space missions
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 History
  • 20.3 Algal food in space missions
  • 20.4 Algal bioreactors in space missions
  • 20.5 Nutraceutical properties of Haematococcus pluvialis and diatoms
  • 20.6 Biomass of Haematococcus pluvialis and diatom as food supplements for astronauts
  • 20.7 Recycling of exhaled gases and wastewater for algal growth
  • 20.8 Challenges for culturing live algal cultures in space missions
  • 20.9 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 20.10 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 21. Techno-economic evaluation and life-cycle assessment of integrated biorefineries within a circular bioeconomy concept
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Design of supply chain network
  • 21.3 Techno-economic and life-cycle costing evaluation of integrated biorefineries
  • 21.4 Life-cycle assessment of integrated biorefineries
  • 21.5 End-of-life approaches for recycling of used bio-based products
  • 21.6 State-of-the-art results in techno-economic and environmental assessment of integrated biorefineries
  • 21.7 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 21.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 22. Circular bioeconomy approaches for sustainability and carbon mitigation in microalgal biorefinery
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy—microalgae as the third-generation feedstock for sustainable biorefineries
  • 22.3 Microalgal biorefineries
  • 22.4 Valuable products in a microalgal biorefinery
  • 22.5 Conclusions and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 23. Waste-to-energy technologies for sustainability: life- cycle assessment and economic analysis
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Governmental policies and regulations
  • 23.3 Contribution of waste-to-energy toward sustainability
  • 23.4 Waste management
  • 23.5 Waste-to-energy technologies
  • 23.6 Analysis methods
  • 23.7 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 23.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 24. Integrated approach for technology transfer awareness of traditional knowledge for upliftment of circular bioeconomy
  • Abstract
  • 24.1 Introduction
  • 24.2 Traditional knowledge in the upliftment of circular bioeconomy across the globe
  • 24.3 Traditional knowledge in agriculture and food security
  • 24.4 Traditional knowledge in medicines
  • 24.5 Traditional knowledge of biomass and biofuels
  • 24.6 Traditional knowledge in aquaculture
  • 24.7 Traditional knowledge in biofiber
  • 24.8 Perspectives for circular bioeconomy
  • 24.9 Lessons learnt and challenges ahead
  • 24.10 The existing policies and amendments for the integration of traditional knowledge in circular bioeconomy
  • 24.11 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: December 4, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898553
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323910460

About the Editors

Sunita Varjani

Dr. Sunita Varjani is Scientific Officer at Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. Her major areas of research are Industrial and Environmental Microbiology/Biotechnology. She has worked as visiting scientist at EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland. Dr. Varjani has authored more than 110 publications, including research and review papers, books and book chapters. She has won several awards, including Young Scientist Awards from Association of Microbiologists of India, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability and AFRO-ASIAN Congress on Microbes for Human and Environmental Health, New Delhi; Top Reviewer Award - 2017, Bioresource Technology, Elsevier and Best Paper Awards in national and international conferences in 2008, 2012, 2013 and 2018. She is member of editorial board of Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability and has served as guest editor of special issues of Bioresource Technology, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ASCE- Journal of Environmental Engineering and others. She is Management Council Member of the BRSI (

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientific Officer, Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Ashok Pandey

Ashok Pandey
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at the Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Executive Director (Honorary) at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability – India. Formerly, he was Eminent Scientist at the Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing, Mohali and Chief Scientist & Head of Biotechnology Division and Centre for Biofuels at CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum. His major research and technological development interests are industrial & environmental biotechnology and energy biosciences, focusing on biomass to biofuels & chemicals, waste to wealth & energy, industrial enzymes, etc. Professor Pandey is Adjunct/Visiting Professor/Scientist in universities in France, Brazil, Canada, China, Korea, South Africa, and Switzerland and also in several universities several in India. He has ~1425 publications/communications, which include 16 patents, 90 books, >700 papers and book chapters, etc with h index of 105 and ~48,800 citations (Goggle scholar). He has transferred several technologies to industries and has done industrial consultancy for about a dozen projects for Indian/international industries. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and honours, which include Highest Cited Researcher (Top 1% in the world), Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science (2020, 2019 & 2018); Top scientist in Biotechnology (#1 in India and #8 in the world), Stanford University world ranking (2020); Fellow, World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies (2020); Fellow, Indian Chemical Society (2020); Distinguished Scientist, VDGOOD Professional Association, India (2020); Distinguished Professor of Eminence with global impact in the area of Biotechnology, Precious Cornerstone University, Nigeria (2020); IconSWM Life-time Achievement Award 2019, International Society for Solid Waste Management, KIIT, Bhubaneshwar, India (2019); Yonsei Outstanding Scholar, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea (2019); Life-Time Achievement Award from the Biotech Research Society, India (2018); Life-Time Achievement Award from Venus International Research Awards (2018), Most Outstanding Researcher Award from Career360 (2018), Life-Time Achievement Award from the International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2017); Fellow, Royal Society of Biology, UK (2016); Felow, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2016); Academician of European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria (2015); Fellow, National Academy of Sciences, India (2012); Fellow, Association of Microbiologists of India (2008); Honorary Doctorate degree from Univesite Blaise Pascal, France (2007); Fellow, International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2007); Thomson Scientific India Citation Laureate Award, USA (2006); Fellow, the Biotech Research Society, India (2005); UNESCO Professor (2000); Raman Research Fellowship Award, CSIR (1995); GBF, Germany and CNRS, France Fellowships (1992) and Young Scientist Award (1989), etc. Professor Pandey is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (; Founder & International Coordinator of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (, Chairman of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (, Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology (, Honorary Executive Advisor of Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability (, Journal of Systems Microbiology and Biomanufacturing (, Journal of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (, Subject Editor, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India ( and Associate Editor, Biologia – Section Cellular and Molecular Biology ( and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Scientist, Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India

Thallada Bhaskar

Thallada Bhaskar
Dr Thallada Bhaskar, Senior Scientist, is currently heading the Thermo-catalytic Processes Area, Bio-Fuels Division (BFD) at CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, India. He received Ph D for his work at CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) from Osmania University, Hyderabad in the year 1999. He carried out Postdoctoral Research at Okayama University, Okayama, Japan after which he joined as Research Assistant Professor and taught catalysis, chemical kinetics and thermodynamics for ~7 years. He has about 90 publications in journals of international repute, contributed 10 book chapters to renowned publishers (ACS, Elsevier, Woodhead Publishing, CRC Press etc) and 11 patents to his in his field of expertise in addition to 250 national and international symposia presentations. His 20 years of research experience cover various fields of science revolving around his expertise in heterogeneous catalysis thermo-chemical conversion of biomass, waste plastics and e-waste plastics into value added hydrocarbons. He has prepared several catalysts and thrown a light on the structure activity relationships of novel catalytic materials for hydrotreatment of fossil based crudes. His contributions to the field of sustainable hydrocarbons are in the form of process knowhow and catalyst developments. His patents and publications discuss crucial points encompassing wide areas of thermo-catalytic conversion like pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction for biomass (agricultural, forest residues and aquatic biomass) and plastic waste (industrial and e-waste) conversion. In addition he worked on developing micro-channel reactors for several chemical reactions and separation processes. His other interests include utilization of non-conventional energies for the sustainable production of hydrocarbons utilizing the polymeric wastes available which will make the thermo-chemical methods of conversion more energy efficient. In view of his expertise, he is on the editorial board of 2 international peer reviewed journals and expert member of several committees. He received the Distinguished Researcher award from AIST (2013), Japan and Most Progressive Researcher award from FSRJ, Japan (2008). He is also the Fellow of Biotech Research Society of India and member of the Governing Council. He received the Raman Research Fellowship for the year 2013-14. He was also a JSPS Visiting Scientist to Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan during 2009. He has carried out several research projects with great success with national and international collaborators. He has organized several international symposia in India and abroad in this area and visited several countries to deliver invited/ plenary lectures.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist, Thermo-catalytic Processes Area, Bio-Fuels Division (BFD), CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, India

S.Venkata Mohan

Dr.S.Venkata Mohan is working as Principal Scientist in CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad since 1998. He was a Visiting Professor at Kyoto University (2005) and Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) Fellow at Technical University of Munich, Germany (2001-02). His main research interests are in the domain of Environmental Bioengineering Specifically in the areas of Advance Waste Remediation, Aciodogenesis, Microbial Electrogenesis, Photosynthesis and Waste Biorefinery. He has authored more than 310 research articles, 36 chapters for books, edited 4 books and has 9 patents. His publication has more than 12,750 citations with an h-index of 62 (Google Scholar). He has guided 22 PhDs., 2 M.Phils and more than 100 M.Tech./B.Tech./M.Sc. students. Recently, Dr Mohan recently successfully demonstrated a pilot plant for biohydrogen production from waste for MNRE and waste fed biorefinery platform for CSIR. He carried out various industrial and consultancy projects in the area of environmental management. Dr Mohan is recipient of coveted ‘Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) Prize’ for the year 2014 in Engineering Sciences from Government of India. He also received several awards and honours, which includes, Most outstanding Researcher in the field of Environmental Science in India- 2018 by Carrer360, as ‘National Bioscience award-2012’ by DBT, Government of India, SERB-IGCW-2017 for ‘Biohydrogen Technology’ from DST-SERB, Environmental Engineering Design Award 2017 by the National Design and Research Forum (NDRF) of Institute of Engineers, India (2017), ‘ Young Researcher Award in Sustainable Development -2010’ under Energy Category by United Nations University and Elsevier, ‘NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Award- 2010’ in Earth, Oceanographic & Environmental Sciences by NASI and Elsevier, Nawab Zain Yar Jung Bahadur Memorial Prize-1994 by The Institution of Engineers (India), etc. Dr Mohan is an elected Fellow of National Academy of Engineering, Biotech Research Society of India, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Akademy of Sciences, International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, Institution of Engineers, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, etc. Dr Mohan is National Editor for Science Portal (EVS), subject Editor for the Journal of Energy, Associate Editor for Frontiers in Environmental Science and Frontiers in Energy Research and is serving on the Editorial Board of several journals viz., Bioresource Technology, Advances in Energy Research, Carbon Resources Conversion, etc.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India

Daniel C.W. Tsang

Prof. Dan Tsang is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia and Chulalongkorn University in Thailand. He was a Visiting Scholar at Ghent University in Belgium and Stanford University in the U.S., Senior Lecturer at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, and Post-doctoral Fellow at Imperial College London in the U.K. and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Dan’s research group strives to develop low-carbon technologies to promote a circular economy, sustainable waste management, and long-term decarbonization. Dan has published more than 500 papers in top 10% journals and served as Associate Editor and Editorial Board Member in several prestigious journals. He was selected as a Highly Cited Researcher in 2021 in the academic fields of Engineering as well as Environment and Ecology. Dan also served as Chair and Organizer of many international conferences such as 5th Asia Pacific Biochar Conference (APBC2021).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and MSc Programme Leader, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

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