Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biofuels from Algae

2nd Edition - November 14, 2018

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  • Editors: Ashok Pandey, Duu Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos Soccol
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444642141
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444641922

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Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Biofuels from Algae, Second Edition provides information on strategies for commercial microalgae based biofuel production, including their cultivation, pre-treatment and conversion methods. The book discusses methods for producing microalgal biomass in large scale by outdoor culturing and outlines new technologies for their use. In addition, it explains how modern genetic engineering enables the generation of recombinant strains that generate higher quantities of feedstock. The complete utilization of microalgal biomass, which can also be obtained from valorizing nutrients from wastewater and industrial exhaust gases, can be efficiently converted to energy rich biofuels and high value pharmaceuticals in a well-defined biorefinery.

Key Features

  • Includes the current technologies for the cultivation and conversion of energy rich microalgal biomass into biofuels
  • Provides information on all the conversion methods – biochemical and thermochemical conversions
  • Covers other high value products from microalgae and less conventional applications, such as fine chemical production and aviation fuel generation
  • Discusses the economics of microalgal biofuel production and how to accomplish cost competitive results


Postgraduates students and researchers in chemical engineering, chemistry, biotechnology, and biology working in the wider area of bio-mass to bio-energy conversion. This book is a key reference text for R&D managers in industry interested in the development of bioenergy technologies

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction to algal fuels
    Yusuf Chisti, New Zealand
    2. Culture media for mass production of microalgae
    Carlos R Soccol
    3. Microalgal strain selection for biofuel production
    Carlos R Soccol
    4. Algal biomass harvesting
    Duu-Jong Lee, Taiwan
    5. Algal culture and biofuel production using wastewater
    SH Ho
    6. Metabolic engineering and molecular biotechnology of microalgae for fuel production
    Su-Chiung Fang, Taiwan
    7. Open pond systems for microalgal culture
    Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa, Brazil
    8. Design of photobioreactors for algal culture
    Jo-Shu Chang, Taiwan
    9. Heterotrophic production of algal oils
    Steven Feng Chen, Peking University, China
    10. Flocculation and electroflocculation for algal biomass recovery
    Yusuf Chisti, New Zealand
    11. Algal oils as fuels
    Venkata Mohan, India
    12. Production of biohydrogen from microalgae
    Duu-Jong Lee, Taiwan
    13. Production of potential co-products from microalgae
    I-Chen Hu, USA
    14. Applications of spent algal biomass
    F. Xavier Malcata, Portugal
    15. Hydrothermal upgradation of algae into value-added hydrocarbons
    Rawel Singh, Thallada Bhaskar and Bhavya Balagurumurthy
    16. Scale-up and commercialization of algal cultivation and biofuel production
    Lee Keat Teong, Malaysia
    17. Life-cycle assessment of microalgal biofuels
    Laurent Lardon, France
    18. Economics of microalgae biomass production
    E Molina Grima, Spain

Product details

  • No. of pages: 603
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2018
  • Published: November 14, 2018
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444642141
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444641922

About the Editors

Ashok Pandey

Ashok Pandey
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at the Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Executive Director (Honorary) at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability – India. Formerly, he was Eminent Scientist at the Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing, Mohali and Chief Scientist & Head of Biotechnology Division and Centre for Biofuels at CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum. His major research and technological development interests are industrial & environmental biotechnology and energy biosciences, focusing on biomass to biofuels & chemicals, waste to wealth & energy, industrial enzymes, etc. Professor Pandey is Adjunct/Visiting Professor/Scientist in universities in France, Brazil, Canada, China, Korea, South Africa, and Switzerland and also in several universities several in India. He has ~1425 publications/communications, which include 16 patents, 90 books, >700 papers and book chapters, etc with h index of 105 and ~48,800 citations (Goggle scholar). He has transferred several technologies to industries and has done industrial consultancy for about a dozen projects for Indian/international industries. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and honours, which include Highest Cited Researcher (Top 1% in the world), Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science (2020, 2019 & 2018); Top scientist in Biotechnology (#1 in India and #8 in the world), Stanford University world ranking (2020); Fellow, World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies (2020); Fellow, Indian Chemical Society (2020); Distinguished Scientist, VDGOOD Professional Association, India (2020); Distinguished Professor of Eminence with global impact in the area of Biotechnology, Precious Cornerstone University, Nigeria (2020); IconSWM Life-time Achievement Award 2019, International Society for Solid Waste Management, KIIT, Bhubaneshwar, India (2019); Yonsei Outstanding Scholar, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea (2019); Life-Time Achievement Award from the Biotech Research Society, India (2018); Life-Time Achievement Award from Venus International Research Awards (2018), Most Outstanding Researcher Award from Career360 (2018), Life-Time Achievement Award from the International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2017); Fellow, Royal Society of Biology, UK (2016); Felow, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2016); Academician of European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria (2015); Fellow, National Academy of Sciences, India (2012); Fellow, Association of Microbiologists of India (2008); Honorary Doctorate degree from Univesite Blaise Pascal, France (2007); Fellow, International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2007); Thomson Scientific India Citation Laureate Award, USA (2006); Fellow, the Biotech Research Society, India (2005); UNESCO Professor (2000); Raman Research Fellowship Award, CSIR (1995); GBF, Germany and CNRS, France Fellowships (1992) and Young Scientist Award (1989), etc. Professor Pandey is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (; Founder & International Coordinator of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (, Chairman of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (, Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology (, Honorary Executive Advisor of Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability (, Journal of Systems Microbiology and Biomanufacturing (, Journal of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (, Subject Editor, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India ( and Associate Editor, Biologia – Section Cellular and Molecular Biology ( and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Scientist, Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India

Duu Jong Lee

Professor Duu-Jong Lee is currently Life-Time University Professor of Chemical Engineering at the National Taiwan University (NTU), Taipei, Taiwan. His areas of specialization are environmental biological processes with special reference to aerobic and anaerobic treatment of wastewaters and solid wastes and their conversion to materials and energy. Prof. Lee has authored one book, nine book chapters, 12 review papers, five patents, 600 research papers, etc. He has been a recipient of Outstanding Fellow award from National Science Council, Taiwan (2009), Chang-Kang Scholar award (2007), Scientific Chair Professor award of YZH Foundation (2012), etc and is Associate Editor of Bioresource Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University (NTU), Taipei, Taiwan

Jo-Shu Chang

Dr. Jo-Shu Chang is Deputy Director of Research Center for Energy Technology and Strategy and University Chair Professor of Department of Chemical Engineering at National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. He received his Ph.D. degree from University of California, Irvine (USA) in 1993. His research interests cover biochemical engineering, environmental biotechnology and applied microbiology with a recent focus on microalgae-based CO2 reutilization, biofuels production, and biorefineries. He is Fellow of American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) and has received numerous prestigious domestic and international academic awards. He has published nearly 400 SCI-indexed journal papers with a total citation of over 38,300 times and an h-index (Web of Science) of 100. He also serves as executive committee member of Asia Federation of Biotechnology (AFOB). He was honoured with Distinguish Research Award by the National Science Council, Taiwan. He is Associate Editor of Bioresource Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

University Chair Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Yusuf Chisti

Yusuf Chisti is Professor of Biochemical Engineering at Massey University, New Zealand. Professor Chisti holds MSc and PhD degrees from University of London, England, and University of Waterloo, Canada, respectively. He received an honorary doctorate from Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania, in recognition of his many contributions to chemical and biochemical engineering. In 2014, University of Waterloo honored him with its Engineering Alumni Achievement Medal for academic excellence. Professor Chisti’s research focuses on sustainable production of chemicals, materials and fuels. He has produced nearly 300 highly cited publications. Chisti is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Biochemical Engineering, Massey University, New Zealand

Carlos Soccol

Professor Carlos Ricardo Soccol is the research group leader of DEBB (Department of Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology) at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil, with twenty years of experience in biotechnological research and development of bioprocesses with industrial application. He is graduated in Chemical Engineering (UFPR, 1979), Master in Food Technology (UFPR, 1986) and Ph.D. in Genie Enzymatique, Microbiologie et Bioconversion (Université de Technologie de Compiègne,- France, 1992). Postdoctor at Institut ORSTOM/IRD (Montpellier, 1994 and 1997) and at the Université de Provence et de la Méditerranée (Marseille, 2000). He is HDR Professor at Ecole d'Ingénieurs Supériure of Luminy, Marseille-France. He has experience in the areas of Science and Food Technology, with emphasis on Agro-industrial and Agroalimentary Biotechnology, acting in the following areas: bioprocess engineering and solid state fermentation, submerged fermentation, bioseparations, industrial bioprocesses, enzyme technology, tissue culture, bio-industrial projects and bioproduction. He is currently Coordinator of Master BIODEV-UNESCO, Associate Editor of five international journals and Editor in Chief of Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Journal. Professor Soccol received several national and international awards which include Science & Technology award of the Govt. of Paraná (1996), Scopus/Elsevier award (2009), Dr. Honoris Causa, University Blaise Pascal-France (2010), Outstanding Scientist – 5th International Conference on Industrial Bioprocesses, Taipei, Taiwan (2012), Elected Titular Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (2014). He is a technical and scientific consultant of several companies, agencies and scientific journals in Brazil and abroad. He has supervised and formed 96 Master Science students, 48 PhD students and 14 Post-Doctorate Students. He has 995 publications/communications which include 17 books, 107 book chapters, 270 original research papers, 557 research communications in international and national conferences and has registered 44 patents. His research articles until the moment were cited (Scopus DataBase) 5600 Times with Index h=36.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Group Leader, Department of Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology, Federal University of Parana, Brazil

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