1st Edition

Science and Technology

Authors: Jan C.J. Bart Emanuele Gucciardi Stefano Cavallaro
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092632
eBook ISBN: 9780857096326
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 18th December 2012
Page Count: 944
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Table of Contents

Author contact details

About the authors

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy


Chapter 1: Renewable lubricants


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Scope

1.3 Chapter overview

Chapter 2: Principles of lubrication


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Purpose of lubrication

2.3 Friction and lubrication conditions

Chapter 3: Lubricants: properties and characteristics


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Lubricant base stocks

3.3 Classifications for oils and lubricating greases

3.4 Eco designations for lubricants

3.5 Environmentally acceptable lubricants

3.6 Physicochemical properties of lubricants

Chapter 4: The transition from reliance on fossil resources to biomass valorisation


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Biomass

4.3 Transformation of biomass to bioproducts

4.4 Biomass potentials and limitations

Chapter 5: Renewable feedstocks for lubricant production


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Natural vegetable oils and animal fats in lubrication

5.3 Industrial oil-crop engineering

5.4 Bio-based wax esters

5.5 Plant polymeric carbohydrates

Chapter 6: Chemical transformations of renewable lubricant feedstocks


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Chemically modified fatty compounds in lubrication

6.3 Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) in lubrication

6.4 Modified starch-based lubricants

Chapter 7: Formulating lubricating oils


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Lubricant additive technology

7.3 Additive design for renewable lubricants

7.4 Biolubricant formulations

Chapter 8: Quality assurance of biolubricants


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Biolubricant quality requirements

8.3 Biolubricant qualit


Lubricants are essential in engineering, however more sustainable formulations are needed to avoid adverse effects on the ecosystem. Bio-based lubricant formulations present a promising solution. Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of this important subject.

Initial chapters address the principles of lubrication, before systematically reviewing fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants. Further chapters describe catalytic, (bio) chemical functionalisation processes for transformation of feedstocks into commercial products, product development, relevant legislation, life cycle assessment, major product groups and specific performance criteria in all major applications. Final chapters consider markets for biolubricants, issues to consider when selecting and using a lubricant, lubricant disposal and future trends.

With its distinguished authors, Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive reference for an industrial audience of oil formulators and lubrication engineers, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in the subject. It provides an essential overview of scientific and technological developments enabling the cost-effective improvement of biolubricants, something that is crucial for the green future of the lubricant industry.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of bio-based lubricant formulations
  • Addresses the principles of lubrication
  • Reviews fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants


Process engineers and manufacturers; Chemists and industrial biochemists; Scientists, researchers and academics in this field


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© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Woodhead Publishing
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About the Authors

Jan C.J. Bart Author

Jan C. J. Bart is a Full Professor of Industrial Chemistry at the University of Messina, Italy.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Messina

Emanuele Gucciardi Author

Emanuele Gucciardi is a Post-doctor researcher at the ZSW (Zentrum für Sonnenenergie-und Wasserstoff-Forschung) of Ulm, Germany.

Affiliations and Expertise

ZSW, Germany

Stefano Cavallaro Author

Stefano Cavallaro is an Associate Professor of Industrial Chemistry at the University of Messina, Italy.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Messina, Italy