Biology, Sociology, Geology by Computational Physicists

Biology, Sociology, Geology by Computational Physicists

1st Edition - February 17, 2006
  • Authors: Dietrich Stauffer, Suzana Moss de Oliveira, Paulo de Oliveira, Jorge de Sá Martins
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444521460
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080462028

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Description

The book requires only rudimentary physics knowledge but ability to program computers creatively and to keep the mind open to simple and not so simple models, based in individuals, for the living world around us.

Key Features

* Interdisciplinary coverage
* Research oriented
* Contains and explains programs
* Based on recent discoveries
* Little special knowledge required besides programming
* Suitable for undergraduate and graduate research projects

Readership

Physicists, if interested in computation, starting from third year undergraduates and ending with department heads. Also suitable for Biologists, demographers, linguists and sociologist interested in applying computational physics methods to their own fields.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    1. Introduction
    2. Evolution
    3. Biological Ageing
    4. Biological Speciation
    5. Languages
    6. Social Sciences
    7. Earthquakes
    8. Summary
    9. Appendix: Programs
    References
    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2006
  • Published: February 17, 2006
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444521460
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080462028

About the Authors

Dietrich Stauffer

University Professor of Theoretical Physics since 1977, research mostly with computer simulations (Monte Carlo), biophysics since 1986, ageing since 1993, econophysics since 1998, sociophysics since 2000, linguistics since 2004.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cologne University, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Germany.

Suzana Moss de Oliveira

During and after my PhD thesis (1989), I worked on traditional Statistical Mechanics problems, mainly related to magnetic phase transitions. In 1984, during a visit of Professor D. Stauffer to our Institute, I was introduced into the subject of Biological Ageing, and since then I have been working on modeling interdisciplinary evolutionary systems. Using and adapting the computational Penna model described in the second chapter of this book I have studied and simulated the Catastrophic Senescence of Pacific Salmon, the advantages of sexual reproduction in comparison to the asexual one, why does menopause evolve, why are we diploids instead of triploids, etc. Presently I am mostly interested in speciation processes where no physical barrier prevents the gene flux between different subspecies. I was elected the Vice-Director of my Institute from 1995 to 1999 and the Vice-Coordinator of the PhD Course from 2001 to 2003. Since 2003 I am the Secretary for Development of the University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Fisica, Brazil.

Paulo de Oliveira

Interest in Computational Physics, in particular model simulations for complex dynamic systems. More than 100 research papers in international journals, cited more than 1000 times, according to ISI. Various invited talks in international conferences. Published 2 previous books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Fisica, Brazil.

Jorge de Sá Martins

After my PhD, I spent 4 years as a visiting scientist at the Colorado Center for Chaos and Complexity, University of Colorado. During this period, I got involved in an active multi-institutional research group on the dynamics of seismic sources, under the direction of Professor J.B. Rundle. My main colaborators in this field are M. Anghel (LANL), E.F. Preston (Indiana State University) and K.F. Tiampo (University of Western Ontario), other than J.B. Rundle, now the Chair of the Center for Computational Science and Engineering at the University of California.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Fisica, Brazil.