The hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria, is an important commercial, recreational and ecological inhabitant of coastal bays along the east and gulf coasts of the United States. This title represents the first state of the art summary of existing knowledge of the hard clam by experts in various disciplines. Containing a compendium of literature on the hard clam, comprehensive chapters on various aspects of its biology as well as summaries of knowledge including the gray literature on this economically important species, this volume represents a comprehensive source of biological information for managers and researchers interested in shallow marine and estuarine ecosystems. Research students and managers charged with maintaining coastal ecosystems will also find a wealth of background material. The first synthesis of available information on the mercenaria mercenaria, this title is a response to the needs of individuals involved in hard clam aquaculture and scientists interested in molluscan biology, coastal ocean ecology and similar fields. Over 2300 documents have been synthesized, and chapter authors have added unpublished information as well as new material.

Table of Contents

Preface. List of Contributors. Section 1. Descriptive Biology. Systematics and taxonomy (M.E. Harte). Shell structure and age determination (L.W. Fritz). Embryogenesis and organogenesis of veligers and early juveniles (M.R. Carriker). Anatomy and histology of Mercenaria mercenaria (A.F. Eble). Reproduction in Mercenaria mercenaria (A.G. Eversole). Genetics of hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria (T.J. Hilbish). Section 2. Environmental Biology. Functional morphology and behavior of shelled veligers and early juveniles (M.R. Carriker). Physiological ecology of Mercenaria mercenaria (R.E. Grizzel, V.M. Bricelj, S.E. Shumway). Demography and dynamics of hard clam populations (S.R. Fegley). Integrating nutritional physiology and ecology to explain interactions between physics and biology in Mercenaria mercenaria (C.H. Peterson). Predators and predation (J.N. Kraeuter). Pests, parasites, diseases, and defense mechanisms of the hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria (S.E. Ford). Section 3. Fisheries, Aquaculture and Human Interactions. Management of hard clam stocks, Mercenaria mercenaria (J.L. McHugh†). A history of hard clamming (C.L. MacKenzie Jr., D.L. Taylor, W.S. Arnold). Aquaculture of the hard clam,Mercenaria(M. Castagna). Introduction of the hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) to the Pacific coast of North America with notes on its introduction to Puerto Rico, England, and France (K.K. Chew). References index. Species index. General index.


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© 2001
Elsevier Science
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Electronic ISBN:

About the editors

J.N. Kraeuter

Affiliations and Expertise

Haskin Shellfish Research Laboratory, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 6959 Miller Avenue, Port Norris, NJ, USA

M. Castagna

Affiliations and Expertise

Eastern Shore Laboratory, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Wachapreague, VA, USA


@qu:...Anyone involved with an aspect of Mercenaria mercenaria biology will find this book to be a very comprehensive source of information. @source:World Aquaculture @from:G.J. Parsons @qu:...The book is of value for hard clam and molluscan researchers and students not only for its extensive review and synthesis of the literature, but also for highlighting further research opportunities. @source:Journal of Shellfish Research @from:R. Mann should be on the shelf of both shellfish biologists and shallow water ecologists as a reference for many years to come. @source:Aquaculture @from:G.J. Parsons @qu:...yet another important addition to the Developments series. ...The book is of value for hard clam and molluscan researchers and students not only for its extensive review and synthesis of the literature, but also for highlighting further research opportunities. @source:National Shellfisheries Association