Biology of Fertilization V1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124926011, 9780323151634

Biology of Fertilization V1

1st Edition

Model Systems and Oogenesis

Editors: Charles Metz
eBook ISBN: 9780323151634
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 6th May 1985
Page Count: 410
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Description

Biology of Fertilization, Volume 1: Model Systems and Oogenesis is the first in a three-volume series that gathers various lines of research about reproduction in general and fertilization in particular. Knowledge about cell biology, immunobiology, biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular genetics has progressed significantly beyond our understanding of some aspects of fertilization. Components of these constitute ""model systems."" The present volume includes reviews of such systems, some relatively simple model systems in lower organisms, sex-determining mechanisms, and oogenesis.
The book contains 12 chapters organized into two sections. Section I includes studies on evolution, reproductive success, and immortality of the germ line; the structures and mechanisms involved in fertilization problems; and fertilization in Paramecium. Section II on oogenesis includes studies on gamete differentiation; sex-determining role of the H-Y antigen in mammals and non-mammals; the mechanism of starfish oocyte maturation; meiotic arrest in animal oocytes; and the mitotic and meiotic aspects of the mammalian germ cell life cycle.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Foreword

Preface

Contents of Other Volumes

I. General and Evolutionary Implications; Cell Surface Receptors and Recognition; Paramecium

1. Genes, Evolution, and the Immortality of the Monophyletic Germ Line

I. Introduction

II. Evolution as an Exercise in Subtlety or Triviality

III. Germ Versus Soma Conflicts: Reproductive Success by Unfit Individuals and Failure by Favored Individuals

IV. Immortality of the Germ Line and the Magical Property of the Egg Cytoplasm

V. Summary

References

2. Cell Surface Receptors and Transduction Mechanisms

I. Introduction

II. Membrane Structure

III. Receptors

IV. Transduction Mechanisms

V. Summary and Perspectives

References

3. Fertilization in Paramecium

I. Introduction

II. Process of Conjugation in Paramecium

III. Sexual Cell Recognition and the Mating Substances

IV. Activation-Initiating Mechanisms and Their Genetic Control

V. Conclusion and Perspectives

References

II. Oogenesis

4. Gametogenesis: General Considerations

Text

References

5. Vertebrate Sex Determination: An Immunologic Perspective

I. Introduction

II. H-Y Antigen in the Mammals

III. Cell Surface Biology of H-Y

IV. H-Y in the Nonmammalian Vertebrates

V. Summary and Conclusions

References

6. Oocyte Growth and Maturation in Starfish

I. Introduction

II. Oocyte Growth

III. Oocyte Maturation

IV. Concluding Remarks

References

7. Synthesis, Accumulation, and Utilization of Maternal Macromolecules during Oogenesis and Oocyte Maturation

I. Introduction

II. Synthesis and Accumulation of mRNA during Oogenesis

III. Synthesis and Accumulation of Proteins during Oogenesis

IV. Regulation of Protein Synthesis during Maturation

V. Conclusions

References

8. Meiotic Arrest in Animal Oocytes

I. Evolutionary Aspects of Meiotic Arrest

II. Meiotic Arrest at Prophase I

III. Meiotic Arrest at Metaphase

IV. Problems of Meiotic Arrest in Cell Biology and Genetics

References

9. The Control of Meiotic Maturation in Mammals

I. Introduction

II. Oocyte Maturation: Model Systems

III. Spontaneous Maturation of Isolated Oocytes: Dependence on Follicular Development

IV. Maturation of Follicle-Enclosed Oocytes

V. Follicular Control of Oocyte Maturation

VI. Other Factors Involved in the Regulation of Oocyte Maturation

VII. Nuclear Maturation and Fertilizability of Oocytes

Concluding Remarks

References

10. The Proliferative and Meiotic History of Mammalian Female Germ Cells

I. Introduction

II. Appearance and Expansion of the Germ Cell Population

III. Oocytogenesis

IV. Oocyte Growth

V. Meiotic Maturation

VI. The Prefertilization Meiotic Block

References

11. Ionic Regulation of Oocyte Maturation

I. Introduction

II. Temporal Relationships between Maturation and Fertilization

III. The Maturation Process

IV. Biophysical Approach

V. Conclusion

References

12. Establishment of Polarity in the Insect Egg

I. Introduction

II. The Newly Laid Egg

III. Origins of Polarity during Insect Oogenesis

IV. Experimental Alterations of Embryonic Polarity

V. Concluding Remarks

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
410
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323151634

About the Editor

Charles Metz