Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs V3

Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs V3

Biology 2

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: O.A. Jones
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149549

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Description

Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs, Volume III: Biology 2 covers the major advances made in the biological aspects of coral reef problems. This book discusses the ecology, animal associates, and toxicity of coral reefs. Composed of 11 chapters, the book initially describes the diversity of animals permanently or temporarily associated with living corals despite the formidable nematocyst batteries possessed by corals. The text goes on discussing some specializations of some shrimps and prawns permanently associated with living corals, thus, augmenting the number of biological niches available for colonization. The subsequent chapters deal with the appearance and distribution of coral reefs echinoderms and their biogeography; the role of fishes in the energetic of the coral reef system; the high incidence of toxic fishes in coral reef waters; and the origin, transmission, detection, pharmacology, and chemistry of ciguatoxin. The book also discusses natural and man-induced destruction of coral reef communities and the rate, manner, and extent of recovery of such destruction. It also describes the types of vegetation that grow on the limestone substratum provided by coral islands. Another chapter provides distributional data on the birds of the Great Barrier Reef region and the behavior and evolution of island populations of sea birds. The concluding chapters present the general biology of sea turtles and the factors that influence the number and types of organisms found on coral islands. This book will acquaint readers with some of the exciting developments in coral reef biology and will provide information that will enable them to assess the status of research in different fields.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume III: Biology 2

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1. Animal Associates of Living Reef Corals

    I. Introduction

    II. The Coral-Associated Animals

    III. Interactions between Living Corals and Their Associates

    References

    2. Shrimps and Prawns of Coral Reefs, with Special Reference to Commensalism

    I. Introduction

    II. The Major Shrimp Habitats of the Coral Reef

    III. Commensalism

    IV. The Criteria for Shrimp-Host Associations

    V. Host Specificity

    VI. Adaptations of Shrimps to Their Hosts, as Shown by the Pontoniinae

    VII. Morphological Adaptations

    VIII. Feeding Methods

    IX. General Behavioral Adaptations

    X. Color Adaptations

    XI. Reproductive Adaptations

    XII. Dispersal

    XIII. The Range of Host-Animal Types

    XIV. The Extent of Commensalism in the Tropical Marine Decapoda Natantia

    XV. Summary

    References

    3. Echinoderms of Coral Reefs

    I. Introduction

    II. Coral Reef Echinoderms

    III. Zoogeography of Coral Reef Echinoderms

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    4. Aspects of the Ecology of Coral Reef Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Diversity

    III. Local Distribution of Coral Reef Fishes

    IV. Standing Crops and Productivity

    V. Feeding Relationships

    References

    5. Toxicity of Coral Reef Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Venomous Fishes

    III. Crinotoxic Fishes

    IV. Discussion and Conclusions

    References

    6. Ciguatera: A Disease from Coral Reef Fish

    I. Introduction

    II. Differentiation among Marine Toxins

    III. Assays for Toxicity

    IV. Species of Fishes Known to Be Ciguatoxic

    V. Distribution of Ciguatoxin in a Population

    VI. Distribution of Ciguateric Fishes in Space and Time

    VII. Origin and Transmission of the Toxin

    VIII. Chemistry of Ciguatoxin

    IX. Pharmacology of Ciguatoxin

    X. Other Toxins

    XI. Dealing with Potentially Toxic Fish

    XII. Remedies for Intoxication

    XIII. Public Health Significance

    XIV. Conclusions

    References

    7. Destruction and Recovery of Coral Reef Communities

    I. Introduction

    II. Factors Responsible for the Destruction of the Biota of Coral Reefs

    III. Recovery of Coral Reef Communities Devastated by Catastrophic Events

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    8. Coral Island Vegetation

    I. Introduction

    II. Vegetation

    III. Floras and Floristic Composition

    IV. Vegetation Patterns

    V. Conclusions

    References

    9. The Birds of the Great Barrier Reef

    I. Introduction

    II. Birds of Coral Cays and Coral Cay Islands

    III. Distributional Patterns of Birds in the Great Barrier Reef Region

    IV. Breeding of Birds on Coral Cays and Oceanic Islands

    V. Behavior and Evolution of Land Birds

    References

    Appendix

    Appendix References

    10. Turtles of Coral Reefs and Coral Islands

    I. Introduction

    II. Food

    III. Predators

    IV. Epiphytes and External Parasites

    V. Temperature Relationships

    VI. Migration

    VII. Nesting

    VIII. Interactions with Terrestrial Animals

    IX. Population Biology

    X. Man the Predator or Competitor for Land

    References

    11. The Ecology and Biogeography of Coral Cays

    I. Introduction

    II. Vegetation

    III. Fauna

    IV. Number of Species

    V. Species Turnover

    VI. Dispersal and Immigration

    VII. Establishment

    VIII. Coral Cays as Ecosystems

    IX. Island Size

    X. Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Systematic Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149549

About the Editor

O.A. Jones

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