Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion

Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion

Opportunities and Challenges

1st Edition - February 21, 2019

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  • Authors: Reza Javaherdashti, Kiana Alasvand
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128161081
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128162996

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Description

Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion: Opportunities and Challenges explores the latest biological approaches to microbial corrosion and its inhibition. The book provides comprehensive information on the current knowledge of microbes involved in corrosion and their mechanisms of action on corrosion induction and inhibition. This information is helpful for a wide range of audiences, from university researchers, to industry specialists. The book discusses foundational information about corrosion and microbiologically influenced corrosion and its importance. Other chapters provide an in-depth review of corrosion causing microorganisms, their properties and their mechanism of involvement in MIC. Updated findings on the biological treatment of corrosion are addressed, as are future opportunities and challenges that could lead to prosperous, sustainable and secure industrial application of these techniques.

Key Features

  • Provides a detailed overview of the fundamental concepts of corrosion
  • Discusses MIC, including its characteristics, properties and modelling
  • Previews the opportunities and challenges faced by the utilization of biological treatments for corrosion

Readership

Materials Scientists and Engineers in both academia and industry

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction: Why corrosion and particularly microbial corrosion are important?

    1.1. The definition of Engineering Importance as a function of "risk" and "cost",

    1.2. What are the risks and costs of corrosion and microbial corrosion

    1.2.1. Economical Costs

    1.2.2. Ecological Costs

    1.2.3. How can Risks, defined as a function of likelihood and consequences, be related to microbial corrosion.

    References

    2. A Brief introduction to Corrosion Engineering:

    2.1. The thermodynamics of corrosion and its importance in dealing with it in industries

    2.2. Some basic concepts of corrosion, anodic and cathodic reactions, the role of electrolyte, why under real-life, industrial conditions the four requirements for making an electrochemical cell will be reduced to only three?

    2.3. Introduction to "series" and "parallel" corrosion scenarios: why sometimes apparently full treatment of corrosion does not remove it and why by right treatment of one reaction, other reactions can also be controlled.

    2.4. Corrosion treatment strategies: Use of chemicals, Cathodic/anodic protection, coatings, materials selection, design

    References

    3. An Introduction to Microbial corrosion

    3.1. How are microbial corrosion (MIC) in terms of being an electrochemical process and microbiology related?

    3.2. What is MIC and what are the four basic characteristics of it?

    3.3. Introducing some bacteria that are related to corrosion (Corrosion related bacteria=CRB)

    3.3.1. Sulphate reducing bacteria

    3.3.2. Sulphur oxidising bacteria

    3.3.3. Iron reducing bacteria

    3.3.4. Acid producing bacteria- Non-organic producers

    3.3.5. Acid Producing bacteria- Organic acid producers

    3.3.6. Possible role of magnetic bacteria in inducing corrosion

    3.4. Use of Mathematics in microbiology: Fuzzy modelling for distinguishing CRB and pathogenic bacteria.

    3.5. How MIC is recognised? A short review of culture-dependent and culture-independent methods and their pros and cons

    3.6. The four methodologies by which MIC may be expected to be treated: Physical, Chemical, Electrical and biological and how the corrosion treatment strategies and these methodologies are interrelated.

    3.7. "Bio-competitive Exclusion" and "Bio-augmentation" : two biological methods to treat MIC.

    References

    4. An Introduction to Microbiology for Non-Microbiologists

    4.2 A Few words about microbes and their classification

    4.3. Microbial cell structure and organisation

    4.3.1 Cell membrane

    4.3.2.Cytoplasmic matrix

    4.3.3. The Nucleoid

    4.3.4. Cell wall

    4.3.5. Component external to the cell wall

    4.3.6. Endospore

    4.3.7. Chemotaxis

    4.4. Microbial nutrient and growth

    4.4.4. Nutritional requirement for bacteria

    4.4.2. Influence of environmental factor on microbial growth

    References

    5. Biological Treatment of MIC

    5.1.Corrosion inhibition by nitrate-reducing bacteria

    5.2. Corrosion inhibition by regenerative biofilms

    5.2.4.Corrosion inhibition through removal of corrosion agents.

    5.2.5.Corrosion inhibition through formation of a protective layer

    5.2.3.Corrosion inhibition through antimicrobial-producing biofilm

    5.2.4.Corrosion inhibition with biofilm-secreted corrosion inhibitors

    5.3.Corrosion inhibition by bacteriophage

    5.4.Corrosion inhibition by phage display

    5.5.Corrosion inhibition using "Microbial Footprint"

    5.6.Corrosion inhibition by "predatory bacteria"

    5.7.Corrosion inhibition using "quorum quenching "compounds

    References

    6. Conclusion

    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 162
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2019
  • Published: February 21, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128161081
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128162996

About the Authors

Reza Javaherdashti

Dr. Javaherdashti holds a double degree in materials science and metallurgical engineering. He has more than 20 years of industrial and academic experience. In addition to various research papers and root cause analysis reports, Dr. Javaherdashti has authored several reference books on corrosion. He is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)-approved trainer and has designed and executed many international industrial workshops. Furthermore, he has been involved in many consulting and problem-solving activities around the globe and is also a corrosion advisor to internationally renowned companies. Dr. Javherdashti is a veteran member of various well-reputed international corrosion societies such as the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE).

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, ParsCorrosion, Perth, Australia

Kiana Alasvand

Dr. Kiana Alasvand is a Research Fellow with the Department of Studies in Microbiology, University of Mysore, India. Dr. Alasvand’s topics of research include: the study of corrosion of metal exposed to bacterial culture by mass loss, bacterial biosynthesis of nanoparticles and its characterization, screening of antimicrobial producing bacteria against SRB, and isolation and identification of sulfate reducing bacteria from ship hull by biochemical and molecular methods.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Microbiology, University of Mysore

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