Biological Markers in Psychiatry and Neurology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080279879, 9781483190310

Biological Markers in Psychiatry and Neurology

1st Edition

Proceedings of a Conference Held at the Ochsner Clinic, New Orleans, on May 8-10, 1981

Editors: Earl Usdin Israel Hanin
eBook ISBN: 9781483190310
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 564
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Description

Biological Markers in Psychiatry and Neurology is a collection of papers that details the advancement in the understanding of the biological markers that stems from psychiatric and neurological pathologies.
The text first covers topics about various biological markers, such as neurochemical, enzymatic, membrane, receptors, endocrine, and physiological. Next, the selection examines the relationship between alcohol abuse and biological papers. The next part covers the genetic aspects of biological markers. The text also deals with use of tomography and modeling theory. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of neurology and psychiatry. Psychologists will also benefit from the text.

Table of Contents


List of Participants

Abbreviations

I. Neurochemical Markers

High Risk Studies in Affective Disorders

Biological Markers of Separation Induced Depression in Primate Models

Biochemical Discrimination of Subgroups of Depressive Disorders Based on Differences in Catecholamine Metabolism

Clinical Studies of the GABA System in Psychiatric Disorders

Serotonin Uptake in Blood Platelets as a Biological Marker for Major Depressive Disorders

A Cross-Cultural Design to Test a Biological Hypothesis of Schizophrenia

Human Plasma Melatonin: A Marker for Adrenergic Function, Circadian Rhythms, and Responsivity to Environmental Light

Postmortem Neurochemical Studies in Chronic Schizophrenia

II. Enzymatic Markers

Monoamine Oxidase and Schizophrenia

The Relationship of Platelet MAO Activity to Psychological Variables Underlying Psychiatric Diagnoses (Cross-listed in X)

Molecular Properties of Platelet MAO in Psychiatric Patients and Controls

Platelet Monoamine Oxidase as a Biological Marker in the Affective Disorders and Alcoholism (Cross-listed in VII)

III. Membrane Markers

Membrane Transport Processes in Affective Illness

Sodium Dependent Membrane Processes in Major Affective Disorders

Lithium Ratio, Lithium Response and the Schizophrenias

Abnormalities in Membrane Li pi ds Associated with Deficiencies in Lithium Counterflow

Phospholipids as Markers for Schizophrenia

Red Blood Cell Choline as a Potential Marker in Psychiatric and Neurologic Disease

IV. Receptors as Markers

[3H] Imipramine Binding to the Serotonin "Transporter" in Human Brain and Platelet: A Possible Biological Marker in Depression

α2- Adrenergic Receptors: Comparative Biochemistry of Neural and On-neural Receptors, and In Vitro Analysis in Psychiatric Patients

Brain Dopamine Receptors in Schizophrenia

V. Endocrine Markers

The Dexamethasone Suppression Test: An Established Biological Marker of Melancholia

EEG Studies of Sleep and the Dexamethasone Suppression Test in the Diagnosis of Depression (Cross-listed in VI)

Physostigmine Responses as Markers in Affective Disorder Patients

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Activity: The Importance of Delusions and Familial

Cholinergic-ß-Endorphin Hypersensitivity Associated with Depression

The TRH-Induced TSH Response: A Possible Neuroendocrine Marker

The TRH Test in Depressive and Manic-Depressive Illness

MIF-1 and Regulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical System in Depression

Growth Hormone and Lithium Ratios Predict Success of Lithium in the Schizophrenias

Human Immunoreactive Melatonin and Cortisol during Acute Stress and Comparison of Their Rhythms

VI. Physiological Markers

Blinking as an Attentional Variable in Schizophrenia

Blink Rates in Schizophrenia

Autonomic Nervous System Markers of Diagnosis and Prognosis in Schizophrenia

Psychological and Physiological Correlates of Variations in Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements

Vulnerability to Schizophrenia: Information Processing in the Pupil and Event-Related Potential

EEG Sleep as Biological Markers in Depression

EEG Studies of Sleep and the Dexamethasone Suppression Test in the Diagnosis of Depression (Cross Listed in V)

Cholinergic REM Sleep Induction - A Trait Marker of Affective Illness?

Anomalies of Neuro-sensory Functions and Representational World in Schizophrenics

VII. Markers and Alcoholism

Toward a Biochemical Definition of Alcoholism

Platelet Monoamine Oxidase as a Biological Marker in the Affective Disorders and Alcoholism (Cross Listed in II)

The Genetics of Alcoholism (Cross Listed in VIII )

A Prospective Study of Genetic Markers in Alcoholism (Cross Listed in VIII)

VIII. Genetics

Genetic Linkage Markers in the Study of Psychiatric Disorders

The Genetic Heterogeneity of Human Brain Proteins and Their Diagnosis in Living Patients

The Genetics of Alcoholism (Cross Listed in VII)

A Prospective Study of Genetic Markers in Alcoholism (Cross Listed in VII)

Inborn Errors, Inborn Predispositions and Normal Variation: Some Implications for Psychiatric Research

IX. Use of Tomography

HLA and Reversed Cerebral Asymmetries: Possible Markers for a Subgroup of Schizophrenics

Topographic Analysis of Computer Processed Electroencephalography in Schizophrenia

Cerebral Ventricular Size: A Biological Marker for Sub-Typing Chronic Schizophrenia

X. Modeling Theory

The Relationship of Platelet MAO Activity to Psychological Variables Underlying Psychiatric Diagnosis (Cross Listed in II)

Mechanism, Mathematics and Markers of Mental Disease

Stochastic Markers for an Entropic Defect in the Schizophrenic Syndrome: A Vertical Integration

XI. Summary

General Discussions

Summary of the Conference on Biological Markers in Psychiatry and Neurology: On Courageous Lions, Mother-Enzyme Interactions, and Psychopathological Style

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
564
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483190310

About the Editor

Earl Usdin

Israel Hanin