Biological Environmental Impact Studies

Biological Environmental Impact Studies

Theory and Methods

1st Edition - November 28, 1978

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  • Author: Diana V. Ward
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160810

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Description

Biological Environmental Impact Studies: Theory and Methods explains how an environmental impact study aimed at predicting biological changes can be approached and accomplished. It explores environmental impact studies from an ecosystem function point of view and highlights ecological tools and guidelines for use in biological studies in the context of environmental impact assessment. It also considers four general concepts of biological impact studies: synergy, experimental control and causality, measures of ecosystem change, and the interrelationships between structure, function, and time. Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of environmental impact and environmental impact analysis, field surveys and their objectives, and mathematical modeling of biological systems. It then discusses time frames for ecological impacts; the role of field experiments and laboratory studies in environmental impact assessment; and common types of biological impact studies, including a study that investigated the impact of insecticides on the ecology of salt marshes in New Jersey and the effects of dredging, filling, and lagoon construction on tidal wetlands in Delaware. This book is a valuable resource for biologists, biology students, managers, and government agents interested in environmental impact assessment.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Environmental Impact Analysis

    I. What Is Environmental Impact?

    II. Environmental Impact Assessment

    III. Ecology in Environmental Impact Assessment

    IV. General Concepts for Biological Impact Studies

    V. Approaches to Biological Impact Studies

    References

    2 The Field Survey: Preliminary System Analysis

    I. Field Survey Objectives

    II. System Structural Study

    III. System Functional Study

    IV. Temporal Changes in Structural and Functional Characteristics

    V. Decision Making after the Survey

    References

    3 Modeling the System

    I. Objectives

    II. About Models and Modeling

    III. Step-by-Step Modeling

    References

    4 The Field Experiment

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Systems

    III. Time as a Factor

    IV. Some Sampling Problems

    V. Use of Results

    References

    5 Laboratory Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Extrapolation from Laboratory Studies

    III. Physical Model Systems

    IV. Statistical Design of Laboratory Experiments

    V. Measurement of Toxicity

    References

    6 Some Examples

    I. Common Types of Biological Environmental Impact Studies

    II. Some Comments on Effective Environmental Impact Studies

    III. Impact of Insecticides on Salt Marsh Ecology

    IV. Effects of Dredging, Filling, and Lagoon Construction on Tidal Wetlands in Delaware

    V. Effects of Spruce Budworm Control Measures

    References

    7 Conclusions

    I. Sequence of Activities in Biological Impact Studies

    II. Meeting Existing Constraints

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 168
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: November 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160810

About the Author

Diana V. Ward

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