Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry

An Analysis of Global Change

3rd Edition - January 7, 2013

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  • Authors: William Schlesinger, Emily Bernhardt
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128012635

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Description

Biogeochemistry, Third Edition, considers how the basic chemical conditions of the Earth—from atmosphere to soil to seawater—have been and are being affected by the existence of life. This expansive text pulls together the numerous fields of study encompassed by biogeochemistry to analyze the increasing demands of the growing human population on limited resources and the resulting changes in the planet's chemical makeup. It employs current technology to help students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With the Earth's changing chemistry as the focus, this book provides an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and will also be a useful self-study guide. This edition calculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistry. It also synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide. It includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry. Answers to end of chapter problem sets are available on the instructor's companion website. This book will appeal to upper-division undergraduate and graduate students in geochemistry, ecology, earth, and soil sciences, especially those with interest in global change or environmental chemistry.

Key Features

  • Calculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistry
  • Synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide
  • Includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry

Readership

Upper-division undergraduate and graduate students in geochemistry, ecology, earth, and soil sciences, especially those with interest in global change or environmental chemistry.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    1. Introduction
    2. Origins
    3. The Atmosphere
    4. The Lithosphere
    5. The Biosphere: The Carbon Cycle of Terrestrial Ecosystems
    6. The Biosphere: Biogeochemical Cycling on Land
    7. Wetland Ecosystems
    8. Inland Waters
    9. The Oceans
    10. The Global Water Cycle
    11. The Global Carbon Cycle
    12. The Global Cycles of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
    13. The Global Cycles of Sulfur and Mercury
    14. Perspectives
    References
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: January 7, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128012635

About the Authors

William Schlesinger

William Schlesinger
Dr. William H. Schlesinger is the President of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies. Before coming to the Institute, he served in a dual capacity at Duke University, as both the James B. Duke Professor of Biogeochemistry and Dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences. A graduate of Dartmouth College (A.B.) and Cornell University (PhD.), he has been investigating the link between environmental chemistry and global climate change for over 30 years. His recent work focuses on understanding how trees and soil influence atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. He is the author or coauthor of over 200 scientific papers on subjects of environmental chemistry and global change and the widely-adopted textbook Biogeochemistry: An analysis of global change (Academic Press, 2nd ed. 1997). He has published editorials and columns in the Charlotte Observer, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, and the Raleigh News and Observer. Schlesinger was among the first to quantify the amount of carbon held in soil organic matter globally, providing subsequent estimates of the role of soils and human impacts on forests and soils in global climate change. He was elected a member of The National Academy of Sciences in 2003, and was President of the Ecological Society of America for 2003-2004. He is also a fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Geophysical Union, the Soil Science Society of America and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His past work has taken him to diverse habitats, ranging from Okefenokee Swamp in southern Georgia to the Mojave Desert of California, and three times as a Duke alumni tour guide to Antarctica. His research has been featured on NOVA, CNN, NPR, and on the pages of Discover, National Geographic, the New York Times, and Scientific American. Schlesinger has testified before U.S. House and Senate Committees on a variety of environmental issues, including preservation of desert habitats, global climate change and carbon sequestration.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA

Emily Bernhardt

Dr. Bernhardt is James B. Duke Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biology at Duke University. She is a Fellow of the Ecological Society of America and the Society for Freshwater Sciences and currently serves as the chair of Duke's Department of Biology. She lives in Durham, NC where she enjoys introducing Duke students to the wonders of ecology and biogeochemistry each year.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

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