Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry

An Analysis of Global Change

1st Edition - March 28, 1991

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  • Author: William H Schlesinger
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323137843

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Description

Biochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change provides information pertinent to the chemistry of the surface of the Earth. This book presents the basics about the effect of life on the chemistry of the Earth. Organized into two parts encompassing 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the connection between the elements that are significant to life. This text then describes how computer models are employed to help understand elemental cycling and ecosystem function. Other chapters consider how satellite technology is beneficial in understanding global biochemistry. This book discusses as well the essential role theta the Earth Observing System (EOS) will play in investigations of global ecology. The final chapter deals with the human effect on global biochemical cycles, with focus on controlling human population growth to maintain life and quality of life on Earth. This book is a valuable resource for college-level and graduate students who are interested in global change.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I Processes and Reactions

    1 Introduction

    Introduction

    A Model for the Earth as a Biogeochemical System

    Thermodynamics

    Cycles in Biogeochemistry

    2 Origins

    Introduction

    Origin of Elements

    Origin of the Solar System and the Earth

    The Primitive Atmosphere and Oceans

    Origin of Life

    Evolution of Metabolic Pathways

    Comparative Planetary History: Earth, Mars and Venus

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    3 The Atmosphere

    Introduction

    Structure and Compositon

    Aerosols

    Biogeochemical Reactions in the Atmosphere

    Models of the Atmosphere and Global Climate

    Atmospheric Deposition

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    4 The Lithosphere

    Introduction

    Rock Weathering

    Soil Chemical Reactions

    Soil Development

    Weathering Rates

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    5 The Terrestrial Biosphere

    Introduction

    Photosynthesis

    Net Primary Production

    Decomposition—The Fate of Organic Carbon

    Humus Formation and Soil Organic Matter

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    6 Biogeochemical Cycling on Land

    Introduction

    Biogeochemical Cycling in Land Plants

    Nutrient Allocations and Cycling in Land Vegetation

    Biogeochemical Cycling in the Soil

    Transformations in Fire

    The Role of Land Animals

    Integrative Models of Terrestrial Nutrient Cycling

    Summary: Calculating Landscape Mass-Balance

    Recommended Reading

    7 Biogeochemistry in Freshwater Wetlands and Lakes

    Introduction

    Redox Potential: The Basics

    Redox Potential in Natural Environments

    Biogeochemistry of "Terrestrial" Wetlands

    Primary Production and Nutrient Cycling in Lakes

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    8 Rivers and Estuaries

    Introduction

    Soil Hydraulics and Stream Hydrology

    Streamload

    Salt Marshes and Estuaries

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    9 The Sea

    Introduction

    Ocean Circulation

    Sea Level

    Composition of Seawater

    Net Primary Production

    Nutrient Cycling in the Ocean

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    Part II Global Cycles

    10 The Global Water Cycle

    Introduction

    The Global Water Cycle

    Models of the Hydrologic Cycle

    The History of the Water Cycle

    The Water Cycle under Scenarios of Future Climate

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    11 The Global Carbon Cycle

    Introduction

    The Modern Carbon Cycle

    Temporal Perspectives of the Carbon Cycle

    Atmospheric Methane

    Carbon Monoxide

    Synthesis: Linking the Carbon and Oxygen Cycles

    Recommended Reading

    12 The Global Cycles of Nitrogen and Phosphorus

    Introduction

    The Global Nitrogen Cycle

    Temporal Variations in the Global Nitrogen Cycle

    Nitrous Oxide: An Unbalanced Global Budget

    The Global Phosphorus Cycle

    Linking the Global Cycles of C, N, and Ρ

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    13 The Global Sulfur Cycle

    Introduction

    The Global Sulfur Cycle

    Temporal Perspectives of the Sulfur Cycle

    The Atmospheric Budget of COS

    Summary

    Recommended Reading

    14 A Perspective

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1991
  • Published: March 28, 1991
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323137843

About the Author

William H Schlesinger

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