For the past 3.8 billion years, the geochemistry of the Earth's surface - its atmosphere, waters and exposed crust - has been determined by the presence of biota. Photosynthetic organisms exposed the Earth's surface to oxygen, denitrifying bacteria have maintained the nitrogen concentration in Earth's atmosphere, and land plants have determined the rate of chemical weathering. Life determines the global biogeochemical cycles of the elements of biochemistry, especially C, N, P and S. Volume 8 traces the origin and impact of life on the geochemistry of the Earth's surface, with special emphasis on the current human impact on global biogeochemical cycles.
Reprinted individual volume from the acclaimed Treatise on Geochemistry, (10 Volume Set, ISBN 0-08-043751-6, published in 2003)
- Comprehensive and authoritative scope and focus
- Reviews from renowned scientists across a range of subjects, providing both overviews and new data, supplemented by extensive bibliographies
- Extensive illustrations and examples from the field
Upper-division undergraduate and graduate students in geochemistry, ecology, earth, and soil sciences, especially those with interest in global change or environmental chemistry
- Introduction (W.H. Schlesinger).
- The origin and early history of life on earth (E.G. Nisbet).
- Evolution of metabolic pathways (K.H. Nealson).
- Sedimentary and molecular biomarkers (J.M. Hayes).
- Biomineralization (H.C.W. Skinner, A.H. Jahren).
- Biogeochemistry of primary production in the sea (P.G. Falkowski).
- Biogeochemistry of terrestrial primary production (F.S. Chapin, III, V.T. Eviner).
- Biogeochemistry of decomposition and detrital processing (J. Sanderman, R. Amundson).
- Anaerobic metabolism and the production of trace gases (J.P. Megonigal).
- Geological history of the carbon cycle (E.T. Sundquist).
- The contemporary carbon cycle (R.A. Houghton).
- The global oxygen cycle (S.T. Petsch).
- The global nitrogen cycle (J.N. Galloway).
- The global phosphorus cycle (K.C. Ruttenberg).
- The global sulfur cycle (P. Brimblecombe).
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2005
- 7th April 2005
- Elsevier Science
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
"This book is a magnificent information source that fully complies with the editor's self-set goal and serves both advanced students and specialists. This volume and the entire Treatise on Geochemistry series should expect a very wide distribution thanks to the successful effort of the executive editors and the volume editor." --Jorg Matschillat for Environmental Geology, 2006
"Most of the chapters in this volume are easy and agreeable to read. They avoid long historical description of the evolution of the subject and are generally well focused on the latest developments of our knowledge. This is well reflected in the references cited which are mainly covering the last ten years (except for chapters 3 and 4). ...The Treatise on Geochemistry is without any doubt a very useful reference book for a large scientific community and especially for students and teachers." --R. Wollast, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
"The book is easy to read and should be a reference for students and teachers in geochemistry, ecology, and earth sciences, especially those interested in global change or environmental chemistry." --International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 2005