Global concern for energy security and environmental protection has put great emphasis on the search for alternative energy sources, particularly for the transport sector. Biofuels have emerged as a highly promising source of alternative energy, and have drawn global R&D for their production using biomass.

With the increasing worldwide demand of energy along with the depletion of conventional fossil fuel reserves, there has been growing global interest in developing alternative sources of energy. There has also been concern in growing economies regarding energy security. Biofuels offer much promise on these frontiers. In addition to the above, they also have a reduced environmental impact in comparison to fossil fuels. Biofuels provides state-of-the-art information on the status of biofuel production and related aspects.

Key Features

  • Detailed overview of the alternative energy field and the role of biofuels as new energy sources
  • Gives a detailed account of the production of biodiesel from non conventional bio-feedstocks such as algae and vegetable oils
  • Includes production of biohydrogen: the fourth generation biofuel


Chemical Engineers, Biotechnologists, microbiologists/biologists, Agricultural Chemists, Environmental Engineers, Petroleum Engineers and graduate and postgraduate students in these areas: The main interest of this group is research and development of new processes and they are located in research labs in A&G and industry

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. Principles of Biorefining

1. Introduction

2. From fossil to biomass raw materials

3. Biomass processing in biorefinery

4. Lignocellulosic molecular components and their derivatives

5. Biorefinery to replace existing fossil bulk chemicals

6. Biorefinery to produce alternative products

7. Next research outlook

Chapter 2. Life-Cycle Assessment of Biofuels

1. Introduction

2. The concept of LCA and its application to biofuels

3. Methodology and assumptions

4. Case study: bioethanol from wheat

5. Results

6. Conclusions

Chapter 3. Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels

1. Introduction

2. Feedstocks for biofuels

3. Composition of lignocellulosic biomass

4. Lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment techniques

5. Biotechnological conversion

6. Thermochemical conversion

7. Bio-refineries and biofuels

8. Typical issues for life-cycle analysis

9. Perspectives and challenges

Chapter 4. Biomass-derived Syngas Fermentation into Biofuels

1. Background

2. Fundamental aspects of syngas fermentation

3. Microbiology of syngas fermentation

4. Syngas characteristics

5. Current developments in syngas fermentation

6. Factors affecting syngas fermentation

7. Industrial-scale syngas fermentation

8. Challenges and future research directions

9. Summary

Chapter 5. Lignocellulosic Bioethanol

1. Introduction

2. First-generation fuel ethanol production: the feedstock and the process and their constraints

3. Second-generation ethanol production

4. Feasibility of lignocellulosic ethanol production

5. Concluding remarks

Chapter 6. Technoeconomic Analysis of Lignocellulosic Ethanol

1. Introd


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© 2011
Academic Press
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About the authors

Ashok Pandey

Professor Ashok Pandey is Deputy Director CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology at Trivandrum and heading the Centre for Biofuels and Biotechnology Division there. Professor Pandey’s research interests are on bio-based economy (biomass-based biorefinery) for the production of fuels and chemicals. He has >1000 publications/communications, which include 14 patents & design copyright, 34 books, 99 book chapters, 391 original and review papers, etc with h index of 65 and >17,700 citation (Goggle scholar). Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships, which include Fellow of International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, National Academy of Science (India), Biotech Research Society, India, International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, and Association of Microbiologists of India; Honorary Doctorate degree from Univesite Blaise Pascal, France; Thomson Scientific India Citation Laureate Award, USA; Lupin Visiting Fellowship, Visiting Professor in the University Blaise Pascal, France, Federal University of Parana, Brazil and EPFL, Switzerland; Best Scientific Work Achievement award, Govt of Cuba; UNESCO Professor; Raman Research Fellowship Award, CSIR; GBF, Germany and CNRS, France Fellowship; Young Scientist Award, etc. He was Chairman of the International Society of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Finland ((Food & Health) during 2003-2004. He is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (; International Coordinator & General Secretary of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France ( and Vice-President of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability ( and All India Biotech Association ( Prof Pandey is Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology, Honorary Executive Advisors of Journal of Water Sustainability and Journal of Energy and Env


"Intended for post-graduate students and researchers in applied biology, biotechnology and chemical engineering, this guide to state of the art of biofuel processes and techniques showcases current scholarship and real world implementations of this important and emerging alternative energy technology. The volume is divided into sections covering general principles of biorefining, production of bioethanol from feedstocks, production of biodiesel from vegetable oils, production of biofuels from algae, biohydrogen and biobutanol and other green fuels and individual chapters address specific aspects of the production process, raw materials, and assessments of the efficiency and practicality of each technology."--SciTech Book News