Bioengineering - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080260006, 9781483139449


1st Edition

Proceedings of Eighth Northeast Conference

Editors: Igor Paul
eBook ISBN: 9781483139449
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 548
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Bioengineering: Proceedings of the Eighth Northeast Conference focuses on the discussion of scientific programs, methodologies, experiments, and contributions to the advancement of bioengineering, such as in the field of medicine. The book is composed of literature of various authors who have worked diligently in the field of bioengineering. The text starts by discussing the conditions, situations, and experiments on how the human bones and other internal organs react if subjected to stress, fatigue, and other factors. The properties, composition, and reactions of these body parts to different conditions are discussed. Experiments on regional tissue blood flow through hydrogen clearance and on minimizing the effect of gas trapping on static pressure-volume curves of excised lungs are also presented. The book also notes the instrumentation and control systems for clinical vestibular and cardiovascular stress testing. A large part of the selection deals with research on different internal body parts when subjected to different conditions. Supporting these discussions are control measures, findings, suggestions, methodologies, numerical representations, and recommendations. The book is valuable to scholars, researchers, and readers who are interested in the field of bioengineering.

Table of Contents

Session 1: Biomaterials and Bone

An Osteoclast for Whole Bone Testing

The Anisotropic Properties of Trabecular Bone

Mechanical Strength of the Prosthetic-Methyl Methacrylate Bone Bond

Ceramic Materials for Delivery Polypeptide Hormone

A Composite Ceramic-Polymer Material Used for Alveolar Bone Preservation

Fatigue Characteristics of Avian Leg Tendons

Session 3: New Instrumentation and Diagnostic Approaches

Telemetry of Regional Tissue Blood Flow Using Hydrogen Clearance

Minimizing the Effect of Gas Trapping on Static Pressure-Volume Curves of Excised Lungs

An Instrumentation System for Clinical Vestibular Testing

A Middle Ear Prosthesis

Portable Fume Hood to Evacuate Methyl Methacrylate Monomer Vapors

Session 4: Computer Applications I

An Improved Microcomputer-Based Data Acquisition and Control System for Cardiovascular Stress Testing

A Microcomputer-Controller Manipulator for Biomedical Applications

Computer Aided Tracking of Radiopaque Markers Mounted on the Myocardium

Processing the Ambulatory Electrocardiogram and Pulse Wave Signals with a Multiple Microprocessor Network

Microprocessor Enhanced Diagnosis of Arterial Disease

Session 5: Fracture Healing

Optimization of Rigidity in Fixation of Phalangeal Fractures

Treatment of Delayed Union in Long Bones Using Pulsed Magnetic Fields

The Mechanics of Intramedullary Nailing

Residual Strain in Bone

Evaluation of Hip Nails: A Preliminary Study

Influence of the Dielectric Properties on the Electromechanical Effect in Bones

The Role of Fluid in the Dielectric Properties of Wet Bone

Session 6: Ultrasonic Methods

Microprocessing System Analysis of Doppler Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease

Broadband Matching of Ultrasonic Transducers to Produce Maximally Flat Delay

Ultrasonic Reflections from Bilharzial Polyps and A Mean for Treatment

Non-Invasive Determination of Bone Strength Using Ultrasound

Application of Transmission Ultrasound in Study of Lung Tissue

A Computer Controlled System for Ultrasonic Hyperthermia Treatment

Session 7: Eye and Vision

Physiological Modeling: The Long-term Growth of the Eye

A Model for Object Color Perception in Spatially Complex Visual Fields

Pilot Eye Scanning Behavior as an Index of Mental Loading

An In Vitro Evaluation of the Fluid Filled Oculoplethysmograph

Mechanical Considerations in Myopia

Session 8: Computer Applications II

An Interactive, Multiprocessing Image-Analysis System for An Automated Cytology Lab

Self-Diagnostics and Serviceability in Microprocessor-Based Medical Instruments

A Simple Deconvolution and Convolution Method for Use in Several Dimensions

Self-Calibrating Digital Myoprocessor

The Physed System

Quantitative Three-dimensional Analysis of Human Motion

Session 9: Cancer, Epidemiology

This Session Has Been Combined with Others.

Session 10: Cardiovascular Functions

The Evaluation of Heart Rate Variations on the Human Fetus Using Spectral Analysis Techniques

Stochastic Modeling of Fetal Heart Rate Variability: Procedures and Applications

Physical Bases for the Estimation of Cardiovascular Pulsation Amplitudes by Integrated Chest Radiography

Servo System for Cardiac Mechanics Experiments

Biaxial Esophageal Accelerometry-Cardiovascular Effects

Phase Plane Analysis as a Sensitive Indicator of Left Ventricular Kinetics

Session 11: Instrumentation and Implantable Devices

Stress Thermography of the Breast

A New Infrared Array Radiometer with Automatic Pattern Recognition for Medical Thermography

An Implantable Telemetering System for Use in Long-term Postoperative Monitoring

Electric Field Control of Membrane Permeability

Evaluation and Further Development of a Clinical Chromosome Slide Preparation System

Session 12: Cell Imaging

This Session Has Been Combined with Others.

Session 13: Rehabilitation and Implants

Design of A Self-Contained, Regenerative, Active/Passive, Microcomputer-Controlled above-Knee Prosthesis

The Problem of Error Magnification in the Center and Angle of Rotation a Statistical Approach

Information Transmission by Two-Dimensional Electrocutaneous Phantom Sensation

The Trispherical Total Shoulder Prosthesis

A Microprocessor Controlled Arm Prosthesis

A Microcomputer-Controlled above-Knee Prosthesis and Biofeedback/Gait Analysis System for Immediate Post-Operative Amputees

Session 14: Cardiovascular Instrumentation and Diagnosis

Instrumentation for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Noninvasive Measurement of Net Oxygen Transport: A Feasibility Study

Design and In Vitro Performance Characteristics of a Vortex Tube Left Ventricular Assist Device

A Stable Highly Sensitive Implantable Pressure Transducer for Artificial Heart

Statistical Treatment of Cardiac Vectors

Automated Classification of Electrocardiographic Body Surface

Session 15: Pulmonary Function

Mass Transport in a Bronchial Bifurcation Model

Characterization of Pulmonary Injury Induced by Oleic Acid Infusion

Implications of Geometry, Structure and Function of the Pulmonary Trunk

An Analysis of Pulmonary Phase Angle during Inflation and Deflation of Excised Limbs

Lung Preservation and Functional Evaluation for Transplantation: Description of a New Method of Ventilation

Session 16: Education Administration and Health Management

Applications of Subliminal Video and Audio Stimuli in Therapeutic, Educational, Industrial, and Commercial Settings

Using Hospital Clinical Information Systems to Control Cost as Well as to Improve Care

An Overview of the FDA Medical Device Regulations

The Clinical Engineer's Identity Crisis

Problem Solving in Clinical Engineering

Medical Equipment Management

Education and Transfer of Bioengineering Technology

Session 17: Biomechanics I - Prostheses

Geometry of the Human Hip Joint

Femoral Component Loosening after Total Hip Replacement

The Influence of Load Parameters on Pressure Distribution in the Human Hip Joint

A Basic Dimensional Analysis of Normal Human Proximal Femora

The Early Results of Hip Resurfacing

Session 18: Cardiovascular Monitoring

Comparison of Decision Rules for Automatic EEG Classification

A Microprocessor-Based ECG Monitor for Ambulatory Patients

An Investigation of Indices Derived from R-R Interval Values in Cardiac Arrhythmias

A Bedside Cardiac Arrhythmias Monitor

Cardiac Arrhythmia Monitor IGB.MAC2-Closed-Loop Evaluation

Session 19: Dynamic Modeling

Nonlinear Analysis of Shear Distribution; Effect of Cross Sectional Shape and Axial Taper

Flow Analysis in Artery Models

Comparison of Theory and Experiment for the Fluid Dynamic Performance of Cromolyn Sodium Inhalers Used for Asthma Prevention

Computer Analysis of Breathing Patterns in Acutely Ill Patients

Respiratory Sound of Tuberculosis Patients

Controllability, Observability and Stability of the Ventilation of Lung in Respiration Process

Session 20: Tomography and Imaging

Emission Tomographic Reconstruction by Matrix Inversion

Evaluation of Blood Vessel Damage by Imaging with In-III-Labeled Platelets

Session 21: Biomechanics II

Intracortical Bone Stress Fields Calculated from In Vivo Strain Measurements

Thoracic Spine Centers of Rotations in the Sagittal Plane

Applicability of the Maxwell and Voigt Models to Isolated Cardiac Muscle

Biomechanics of Alpine Ski Boots

Effect of Prolonged Walking on Concrete on the Joints of Sheep

Energy Absorption in the Human Spine

The Polyelectrolyte Behavior of Articular Cartilage

Coatings Designed for Use on Electronic Circuitry do not Cost, they Save

Session 22: Neural Signals and Electrodes

The Effects of Sampling Rate on the Signal-to-Noise Ratio of Biological Signals

Protonic Theory on the Origin of Neural Excitability

The Central Problem of Electroencephalography and Factor Analysis

Effects of Electrical Stimulation of Area Postrema/Nucleus of the Solitary Tract on Raphe Unit Activity and Cortical EEG in the Anesthetized Rat

A Test Methodology for Evaluation of Intracranial Aneurysm Clips

On the Interpretation of Changes Produced in the Intrinsic Components of Electrocardiogram Leads

Session 23: Simulation Models

The Circuit Imperative in Biomedical Engineering Education

Theory versus Practice with Residual Blood Loss in Hemodialyzers

System Dynamic Modeling of Hemodialysis Treatment

Study of the Velocity Field in the Vicinity of a Self-Cleaning Prosthetic Heart Valve

The Absence of Tethering Influences in Vein Diameter-Pressure Relationships

A Noninvasive Indicator of Human Placental Blood Flow

The Mechanics of the Pericardium: Pericardial Effusion

A Model for an Artificial Pancreas: Transient Diffusion in a Two-Phase Composite with a Glucose Concentration Dependent Insulin Source at the Interface


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© Pergamon 1980
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About the Editor

Igor Paul