Bioenergetics

Bioenergetics

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Editors: Marcel Florkin, Elmer H. Stotz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222158

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Description

Comprehensive Biochemisty, Volume 22: Bioenergetics focuses on comprehensive biochemistry that provides a chemical approach to the understanding of the phenomena of life. This book is devoted to certain aspects of organic and physical chemistry, aspects considered pertinent to the interpretation of biochemical techniques, and chemistry of biological compounds and mechanisms. The topics discussed include the methods and scope of quantum biochemistry, long range dipole-dipole transfer, and characteristics of the charge-transfer absorption band. The dye-sensitized photoconductivity, facilitation of solute diffusion by catalytic carriers, and coupling of primary and secondary translocation are also covered in this publication. This volume is valuable to biochemists and researchers concerned with biogenetics.

Table of Contents


  • General Preface

    Preface to Section V

    Chapter I Quantum Biochemistry

    1. Introduction

    a. The Methods and the Scope of Quantum Biochemistry

    b. Present Status of the Calculations

    2. Aspects of the Electronic Structure of the Nucleic Acids

    a. Overall Results

    b. The Significance of Resonance Energy

    c. Van der Waals-London Interactions

    d. Chemical Reactivity

    3. Electron-Donor and -Acceptor Properties of Biomolecules and Charge-Transfer Complexes

    4 The Structure of Proteins (and their Constituents) and the Problem of Semiconductivity in Biopolymers

    5. The Origin of the "Energy Wealth" in the Energy-Rich Phosphates

    6. The Mechanism of Enzyme and Coenzyme Activity

    7. The Mechanism of Chemical Carcinogenesis

    a. Structure-Activity Correlations in Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    b. Interactions Between the Carcinogens and Possible Cellular Receptors

    8. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter II. Mechanisms of Energy Transfer

    1. Introduction

    2. Theory of Excitation Transfer

    a. Classifications

    b. Strong Coupling

    c. Weak Coupling

    d. Very Weak Coupling

    e. Long Range Dipole-Dipole Transfer

    3. Experimental Investigations

    a. Methods

    b. Delocalization

    c. Single-Step Transfer

    d. Multi-Step Transfer

    4. Applications to Biological Systems

    References

    Chapter III. Charge Transfer in Biology

    Section A. Donor-Acceptor Complexes in Solution

    1. Introduction

    2. Energetics

    3. Characteristics of the Charge-Transfer Absorption Band

    4. Paramagnetic Complexes and Electron-Transfer Reactions

    5. Equilibrium Constants

    6. Contact Charge Transfer

    7. Solvent Effects

    8. Other Useful Physical Methods for the Study of Complex Formation

    a. Infrared Spectroscopy

    b. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    c. Polarography

    d. Fluorescence and Phosphorescence

    e. Temperature-Jump Relaxation and Flash Techniques

    9. Effect of Complex Formation on Reaction Rates

    10. Complexes of Biological Materials

    a. Flavins

    b. Pyridine Nucleotides

    c. Other Complexes

    11. Complexes of Metal Cations

    References

    Chapter III. Charge Transfer in Biology

    Section b. Transfer of Charge in the Organic Solid State

    1. Transfer of Charge by Semiconduction

    2. Photoconductivity

    3. Donor-Acceptor Complexes

    4. Models of Lamellar Systems

    5. Dye-Sensitized Photoconductivity

    References

    Chapter IV. Active Transport and Ion Accumulation

    1. Introduction

    a. Some Relationships Between Chemical Reaction and Transport

    b. Chemiosmotic Processes

    2. Translocation Catalysis

    a. The Facilitation of Solute Diffusion by Catalytic Carriers

    b. Group Translocation

    c. Classification of Translocation Reactions

    3. Translocation Catalysis through Lipoprotein Membranes

    4. The General Mechanisms of Translocation Catalysis

    a. Mobile Versus Fixed Carriers

    b. The Carrier Centre

    5. Secondary Translocation

    a. Non-Coupled Solute Translocation: Uniport

    b. Anti-Coupled Solute Translocation: Antiport

    c. Sym-Coupled Solute Translocation: Symport

    d. Proton-Coupled Solute Translocation

    6. Primary Translocation

    a. The Na+/K+-Antiporter-ATPase

    b. The H+-Translocator-ATPase

    c. The H+-Translocator Oxido-Reductases

    7. The Coupling of Primary and Secondary Translocation

    8. Postcript

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 228
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222158

About the Editors

Marcel Florkin

Elmer H. Stotz

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