Biodegradation and Detoxification of Micropollutants in Industrial Wastewater

Biodegradation and Detoxification of Micropollutants in Industrial Wastewater

1st Edition - April 26, 2022

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  • Editors: Izharul Haq, Ajay Kalamdhad, Maulin Shah
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323907095
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885072

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Biodegradation and Detoxification of Micropollutants in Industrial Wastewater summarizes the occurrence and source of micropollutants through various industrial wastewaters. It covers the type of micropollutants, their effects, and emerging detection and treatment methods. The book has 11 chapters, and throughout each chapter, it presents the fate and effects of micropollutants, quantitative and qualitative analysis of micropollutants in industrial wastewaters, and treatment of micropollutants through conventional and advanced wastewater treatment technologies.

Key Features

  • Presents detailed information on the micropollutants of industrial wastewaters and their origins
  • Assesses the toxic effect these micropollutants have on living organisms
  • Evaluates emerging treatment technologies for the removal of micropollutants
  • Includes molecular biology, nanotechnology and microbiology approaches for the management of micropollutants in industrial wastewaters


Bioengineers, environmental scientists, chemists in academia and corporate research. Upcoming students, researchers, scientists, industry persons and professionals in the field of Environmental Science and Engineering, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Toxicology

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 Evaluation of micro-pollutants removal from industrial wastewater using conventional and advanced biological treatment processes
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Types of micro-pollutants (MPs) in industrial wastewaters and their toxic health effects
  • 1.3 Conventional biological treatment
  • 1.4 Advanced biological treatment
  • 1.5 Pros and cons of biological treatment process on MPs removal over conventional ones
  • 1.6 Future aspects of BWWTPs of large-scale MPs remediation
  • 1.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Fate and occurrence of micro- and nano-plastic pollution in industrial wastewater
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Micro- and nano-plastics in the environment
  • 2.3 Structural difference between micro- and nano-plastics
  • 2.4 Characterisation of micro- and nano-plastics
  • 2.5 Techniques used for characterization of micro- and nano-plastics from wastewater
  • 2.6 Health hazards of microplastics and nanoplastics
  • 2.7 Impact of micro- and nano-plastics in industrial wastewater
  • 2.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Biosensors as an effective tool for detection of emerging water and wastewater pollutants
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Conventional methods of pollutants’ detection in wastewater
  • 3.3 Biosensors
  • 3.4 Advantages of biosensors over conventional detection methods
  • 3.5 Nanotechnology for biosensors
  • 3.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Removal of organic micro-pollutants by aerobic and anaerobic microorganism
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Organic micropollutants
  • 4.3 Effect of organic micropollutants on the environments
  • 4.4 Different methods for the removal of organic micropollutants
  • 4.5 Aerobic and anaerobic microorganism for the removal of ­micropollutants
  • 4.6 Limitations and future prospects
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Emerging dye contaminants of industrial origin and their enzyme-assisted biodegradation
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Enzymes for dye degradation
  • 5.3 Immobilized enzymes
  • 5.4 Conclusions and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 6 An overview on the application of constructed wetlands for the treatment of metallic wastewater
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Sources of metal pollution and its environmental implications
  • 6.3 Environmental impacts
  • 6.4 Treatment of metal-laden industrial wastewater
  • 6.5 Constructed wetlands for heavy metal removal
  • 6.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7 A glance over current status of waste management and landfills across the globe: A review
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Global scenario of landfilling
  • 7.3 Indian scenario of landfilling
  • 7.4 Land requirement for dumpsites
  • 7.5 MSWM in developed and emerging countries: a comparative analysis
  • 7.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Micro and nanoplastic toxicity on aquatic life: fate, effect and remediation strategy
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Extensive use of plastic in our daily life
  • 8.3 Characterizations of MPs and NPs
  • 8.4 Environmental behavior and fate of MPs and NPs
  • 8.5 Impact of MPs and NPs on aquatic life ecosystem
  • 8.6 Remediation of MPs and NPs from the aquatic system
  • 8.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Endocrine-disrupting pollutants in domestic and industrial wastewater: occurrence and removal by advanced treatment system for wastewater reuse
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Sources, fate, and interaction of EDCs with biota
  • 9.3 Removal of EDCs via physical and chemical treatment
  • 9.4 Nanomaterial assisted removal of EDCs
  • 9.5 Polymer-based removal of EDCs
  • 9.6 EDC bioremediation technologies
  • 9.7 Conclusion and recommendation
  • Conflict of interest disclosures
  • Funding
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Use of microalgae for the removal of emerging contaminants from wastewater
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Microalgae-based mechanism for degradation of pollutants
  • 10.3 Removal strategies in micro algae based treatment systems
  • 10.4 Combined systems
  • 10.5 Removal efficiency of various emerging contaminants by microalgae
  • 10.6 Biomass separation
  • 10.7 Harvesting of algal biomass
  • 10.8 Necessity of pre and post treatment of micro algae
  • 10.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Bioaugmentation as a strategy for the removal of emerging pollutants from wastewater
  • 11.1 Introduction to bioremediation
  • 11.2 Current bioremediation methods and their limitations
  • 11.3 Nanoparticles for Bioaugmentation: Nanobioaugmentation
  • 11.4 Current technological barriers in using nanoparticles
  • 11.5 Future prospective and conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323907095
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885072

About the Editors

Izharul Haq

Izharul Haq is currently working as Post Doctoral Fellow at the Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India. He has completed his Post graduation in Environmental Microbiology from BBA University, Lucknow and PhD in Microbiology from CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India. Before joining of PDF, he was Assistant Professor at JECRC University, Jaipur, India. He has exposure in the field of bioremediation and detoxification of emerging pollutants from industrial wastewater using microbial approaches. He has published many research papers in reputed national and international journals with high impact factor and reviewed peer review journal. He also has published book chapters and magazine article in reputed international books. Dr Haq currently supervising two M Tech students of Environmental Engineering field. He is a life member of the Association of Microbiologists of India (AMI), Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) Kolkata and Vigyan Bharti, India

Affiliations and Expertise

Post Doctoral Fellow, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India

Ajay Kalamdhad

Ajay S. Kalamdhad is working as professor at the Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India. He obtained his Bachelors, Masters and PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from GEC Jabalpur, VNIT Nagpur and IIT Roorkee respectively. Prior to joining IIT Guwahati in 2009, he was an Assistant Professor at VNIT Nagpur and worked in various projects at RRL, Bhopal (Now AMPRI, Bhopal) and NEERI, Nagpur. His research team is working on solid waste management by microbial and vermicomposting, aerobic and anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste and industrial sludge for biogas production, Composting of water hyacinth using different composting technologies. He also serves as an editorial board member/reviewer for several national/international journals of repute. Currently, Prof Kalamdhad supervising 18 PhD and 11 M Tech students and more than 10 PhD and 35 M Tech dissertations have been completed under his supervision. In addition, Prof. Kalamdhad has handled 9 major R&D projects funded by various agencies. He has published more than 150 research papers in national and international journals of repute. He also has published 6 book chapters and 5 international books. He is a life member of Indian Public Health Engineers, Asia-Pacific Chemical, Biological& Environmental Engineering Society, National Solid Waste Association of India, International Solid Waste Association, and Indian Water Works Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India

Maulin Shah

Dr. Maulin P. Shah is Chief Scientist and Head of the Industrial Waste Water Research Lab, Division of Applied and Environmental Microbiology Lab at Enviro Technology Ltd., Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India. His work focuses on the impact of industrial pollution on the microbial diversity of wastewater following cultivation-dependent and cultivation-independent analysis. His major work involves isolation, screening, identification, and genetically engineering high-impact microbes for the degradation of hazardous materials. His research interests include biological wastewater treatment, environmental microbiology, biodegradation, bioremediation, and phytoremediation of environmental pollutants from industrial wastewaters. He has published more than 250 research papers in national and international journals of repute on various aspects of microbial biodegradation and bioremediation of environmental pollutants. He is the editor of more than 50 books of international repute (Elsevier, Springer, RSC, and CRC Press). He is an active editorial board member in top-rated journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Industrial Waste Water Research Laboratory, Division of Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Gujarat, India

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