Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781782423737, 9781782423942

Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance

1st Edition

Editors: Manjusri Misra Jitendra Pandey Amar Mohanty
eBook ISBN: 9781782423942
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782423737
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 5th August 2015
Page Count: 524
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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Foreword
  • 1: Commercial potential and competitiveness of natural fiber composites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Classification and composition of natural fibers
    • 1.3 Advantages and attributes of natural fibers
    • 1.4 Challenges encountered in adapting natural fibers for composite applications
    • 1.5 Supply chain management
    • 1.6 Commercial competitiveness, market development, and growth scenario
    • 1.7 Future prospects and developments
  • 2: Mechanical performance of polylactic based formulations
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Challenges in the application of PLA
    • 2.3 Current approaches to improve PLA mechanical properties
    • 2.4 Mechanical properties of PLA at high temperature
  • 3: Mechanical performance of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Mechanical properties of PHB—biodegradable polymer composites
    • 3.3 Mechanical properties of PHB, PHBV/natural fiber-reinforced composites
    • 3.4 Mechanical properties of PHB and PHBV nanocomposites
    • 3.5 Concluding remarks and future trends
  • 4: Mechanical performance of starch-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgements
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Structures of native starch
    • 4.3 From native starch to plasticised starch
    • 4.4 Processing for starch-based materials
    • 4.5 Mechanical properties of starch-based materials
    • 4.6 Mechanical properties of starch-based macrobiocomposites
    • 4.7 Nanofillers for starch-based nanobiocomposites
    • 4.8 Mechanical properties of starch-based nanobiocomposites reinforced by phyllosilicates
    • 4.9 Mechanical properties of starch-based nanobiocomposites reinforced by cellulose nanowhiskers
    • 4.10 Mechanical properties of nanobiocomposites reinforced by CNTs
    • 4.11 Mechanical properties of starch-based nanobiocomposites reinforced by metalloid oxides, metal oxides, and metal chalcogenides
    • 4.12 Mechanical properties of starch-based nanobiocomposites reinforced by other nanofillers
    • 4.13 Summary
    • 4.14 Future trends
  • 5: Studies on mechanical, thermal, and morphological characteristics of biocomposites from biodegradable polymer blends and natural fibers
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Biodegradable and compostable polymeric materials
    • 5.3 Renewable resource-based biodegradable polymers: some examples
    • 5.4 Fossil fuel-based biodegradable polymers: some examples
    • 5.5 Recyclability of biodegradable polymers
    • 5.6 Durability of biodegradable polymers
    • 5.7 Polymer blends: some examples
    • 5.8 Natural fibers
    • 5.9 Biocomposites
    • 5.10 Biocomposites based on biodegradable blends as matrix material: Some specific examples
    • 5.11 NFCs market and their applications
    • 5.12 Conclusions
  • 6: Mechanical performance of microcellular injection molded biocomposites from green plastics: PLA and PHBV
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Biobased and biodegradable polymers PLA and PHBV
    • 6.3 Principles, advantages, and challenges of microcellular injection molding
    • 6.4 Mechanical behavior of PLA- and PHBV-based blends and biocomposites
    • 6.5 Conclusions and outlook for the future
  • 7: Mechanical performance of poly(propylene carbonate)-based blends and composites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Synthesis of CO2-based polymers
    • 7.3 Poly(propylene carbonate)
    • 7.4 Applications
    • 7.5 Conclusions
  • 8: Processing, performance, and applications of plant and animal protein-based blends and their biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 8.1 Introduction to protein-based biomaterials
    • 8.2 Plant and animal proteins: structure, properties, and sources
    • 8.3 Protein biocomposites
    • 8.4 Processing of protein-based biocomposites
    • 8.5 Modification of proteins for biocomposites development
    • 8.6 Challenges and application
    • 8.7 Summary
  • 9: Mechanical performance of polyethylene (PE)-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 General introduction to natural fibers and their composites
    • 9.2 Hybridization of PE biocomposites
    • 9.3 Stability of PE biocomposites
    • 9.4 Biocomposites based on recycled PE
    • 9.5 Challenges and opportunities
    • 9.6 Conclusion
  • 10: Performance of biomass filled polyolefin composites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Recent progress in mechanical performance and design of polyolefin/biomass composites
    • 10.3 Conclusions and future trends
  • 11: Mechanical performance of PC-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Advantages of biofibres as composite reinforcements
    • 11.3 Disadvantages of biofibres
    • 11.4 Characterisation and mechanical performance of PC-based biofibre-reinforced biocomposites
    • 11.5 Optimisation of fibre and matrix
    • 11.6 Future for biofibre-reinforced PC-based biocomposites
  • 12: Nylon uses in biotechnology
    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Chemical characteristics of polyamides (nylon fiber)
    • 12.3 Nylon structure
    • 12.4 Thermal properties of nylons
    • 12.5 Mechanical properties of nylons
    • 12.6 Biodegradation of nylon
    • 12.7 Immobilization of microorganisms
    • 12.8 Immobilization of enzymes
  • 13: Mechanical performance of polyvinyl acetate (PVA)-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Experimental analysis of PVA based bio-composites
    • 13.3 Results of adding nanoclay and NCC to PVA based bio-composites
    • 13.4 Conclusion
  • 14: Mechanical performance of flax-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Plant fibers for composite reinforcement: structure and properties
    • 14.3 Influence of the process on the fiber properties
    • 14.4 Plant fiber composites properties: relationship between the processing method and final properties
    • 14.5 Impact of the process on the plant fiber composite microstructure
    • 14.6 Conclusion
  • 15: Mechanical properties of oil palm biocomposites enhanced with micro to nanobiofillers
    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgement
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Oil palm biomass: an alternative to wood lumber and wood composite products
    • 15.3 Designing of various biocomposites from oil palm biomass
    • 15.4 Properties of oil palm nanobiocomposites
    • 15.5 Product designing and application of oil palm biocomposites
    • 15.6 Conclusions
  • 16: Design, processing, and characterization of triaxially braided natural fiber epoxy-based composites
    • Abstract
    • 16.1 Introduction
    • 16.2 Processing of triaxially braided cellulose and bioepoxy composites
    • 16.3 Analytical model
    • 16.4 Mechanical characterization of regenerated cellulose/epoxy composites
    • 16.5 Conclusions
    • 16.6 Future challenges and opportunities
  • 17: Mechanical performance of polyurethane (PU)-based biocomposites
    • Abstract
    • 17.1 Introduction
    • 17.2 Vegetable particles/fibers and synthetic PUs
    • 17.3 Biopolyurethane composites
    • 17.4 PU nanocomposites based on vegetable-derived nanofibers
    • 17.5 Final Remarks
  • Index

Description

Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance describes recent research on cost-effective ways to improve the mechanical toughness and durability of biocomposites, while also reducing their weight.

Beginning with an introduction to commercially competitive natural fiber-based composites, chapters then move on to explore the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, polyurethane, starch, flax, poly (propylene carbonate)-based biocomposites, and biocomposites from biodegradable polymer blends, natural fibers, and green plastics, giving the reader a deep understanding of the potential of these materials.

Key Features

  • Describes recent research to improve the mechanical properties and performance of a wide range of biocomposite materials
  • Explores the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, and polyurethane
  • Evaluates the potential of biocomposites as substitutes for petroleum-based plastics in industries such as packaging, electronic, automotive, aerospace and construction
  • Includes contributions from leading experts in this field

Readership

R&D managers and product designers in packaging, electronic, automotive, aerospace and construction industries; postgraduates and researchers with an interest in biocomposites


Details

No. of pages:
524
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781782423942
Hardcover ISBN:
9781782423737

About the Editors

Manjusri Misra Editor

Dr Manjusri Misra researches and teaches at the School of Engineering at the University of Guelph. Her current research focuses primarily on novel bio-based composite and nanocomposite materials from agricultural and forestry resources for the sustainable bio-economy and the application of nanotechnology in materials uses. She has authored more than 250 publications, including 150 peer-reviewed journal papers, 12 book chapters, and 15 US patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Canada

Jitendra Pandey Editor

Dr Jitendra Kumar Pandey is an assistant research professor in Institute of Advanced Machinery and Design, Seoul National University, Seoul Korea. He researches the use of renewable resources for composites development, degradation and stabilization of polymers, surface functionalization of natural nano-fiber, cellulose-based nano composites and development of bio inspired composites.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant research professor, Institute of Advanced Machinery and Design, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Amar Mohanty Editor

Amar Mohanty is Professor and Premier's Research Chair in Biomaterials and Transportation at the School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Canada. He is an internationally renowned and recognized research leader in the field of bioplastics, biomaterials and biorefinery. An accomplished researcher, his passion for implementable innovation and understanding trends in materials science and market needs makes him a trailblazer in sustainable green technology. He was the holder of the prestigious Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany and received the Andrew Chase Forest Products Division Award from the Forest Products Division of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). Professor Mohanty has published more than 400 publications, including 185 peer-reviewed journal papers, 2 edited books, 11 book chapters and 12 awarded US patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Premier's Research Chair in Biomaterials and Transportation and Director, Bioproducts Discovery and Development Centre (BDDC), School of Engineering, University of Guelph