Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

1st Edition - November 24, 2020

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  • Editors: Mohd Salit, R.A. Ilyas
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128209233
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205594

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Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications.

Key Features

  • Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures
  • Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques
  • Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures


Those researching materials development and industrial design engineers

Table of Contents

  • 1. Application of Biocomposites in Automotive Components: A Review
    M.S. Sapuan and R.A. Ilyas
    2. Thermal Properties of Sugar Palm Yarn Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites as an Alternative for Automotive Applications
    Mohd Nurazzi Norizan, M.S. Sapuan and R.A. Ilyas
    3. Macro- to Nanoscale Natural Fibre Composites for Automotive Components: Research, Development and Application
    R.A Ilyas, Mohd Nurazzi Norizan and M.S. Sapuan
    4. On the Improvement of Tribological Performance Using Treated Betelnut Fibre Reinforced Polyester (T-BFRP) and Teflon Composite for Automotive Applications
    Umar Nirmal and Yuhazri M.Y.
    5. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Analysis of Composite Products in Automotive Application
    Muhd Ridzuan Mansor
    6. Development and Performance Analysis of Hybrid Composite Side Door Impact Beam: An Experimental Investigation
    Z. Leman
    7. Performance Evaluation of Cellulose Nanofiber Reinforced Polypropylene Biocomposites for Automotive Applications
    M. N.F. Norrrahim, M.S. Sapuan and R.A Ilyas
    8. Crashworthiness of Circular Tube of Kenaf Fibre Composite for Automotive Application
    Munir Alkbir
    9. Unidirectional Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) Fibre/Epoxy Composites Car Bumper Beam: Effects of Different Fibre Orientation on its Crash Performance
    Hassan Cik Suhana
    10. Synthetic/Natural Fibres Composites for Aircraft Engine Fire Designated Zones and its Potential Application in Automotive Engines
    Abd Rahim Abu Talib and Ibrahim Mohammed
    11. Wheels in the Automotive Industry: A Case Study Towards the Development of Magnesium Based Composite Wheels
    Sameer Kumar Devarakonda
    12. Composites and Biocomposites for Noise and Vibration Control in Automotive Structures
    Jorge P. Arenas
    13. State of Art Review on Green Composites for Automotive Applications
    R.A. Ilyas and M.S. Sapuan
    14. Effect of Heat and Moisture on Mechanical Performance of Composite Materials Used in Automotive Structures
    Ma Yan
    15. Application of Polymer Composite Materials in Motorcycles: A Comprehensive Review
    M.S. Sapuan, S. F.K. Sherwani and R.A Ilyas

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2020
  • Published: November 24, 2020
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128209233
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205594

About the Editors

Mohd Salit

S.M. Sapuan is a researcher and an A Grade Professor of Composite Materials in Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), and the Head of the Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, INTROP, UPM. He has a BEng in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Newcastle, Australia, an MSc in Engineering Design from Loughborough University, United Kingdom, and a PhD in Material Engineering from De Montfort University, United Kingdom. He is a professional engineer and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the Academy of Sciences Malaysia, the Plastics & Rubber Institute Malaysia, the Malaysian Scientific Association, the International Biographical Association, and the Institute of Materials, Malaysia. He is an honorary member and was the Vice-President of the Asian Polymer Association based in IIT Delhi, and the founding chairman and honorary member of the Society of Sugar Palm Development and Industry, Malaysia. He is the coeditor-in-chief of 'Functional Composites and Structures', and a member of the editorial boards of more than two dozen journals. To date, he has authored or coauthored more than 1,800 publications, including over 815 journal papers, 46 books, and 160 chapters in book and other publications. Furthermore, he has delivered over 40 plenary and keynote lectures and over 150 invited lectures, organized 26 journal special issues as a guest editor, presented over 500 technical articles in conferences and seminars, reviewed over 1,000 journal papers, and has 8 patents to his credit. He has successfully supervised 86 PhD students, 70 MSc students, and 15 postdoctoral researchers, mainly in the areas of mechanical engineering and composites. He received nine Outstanding Researcher Awards from UPM. He was awarded an ISESCO Science Award (Gold Medal) in Technology, a Plastic and Rubber Institute Malaysia (PRIM) Fellowship Award, and a Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) First Prize Publication Award. He also received a Khwarizimi International Award, a SEARCA Regional Professorial Chair Award, and a Kuala Lumpur Royal Rotary Gold Medal Research Award. He won two National Book Awards. He received an Endeavour Research Promotion Award by Teerthanker Mahaveer University/IEEE India, a Citation of Excellence Award from Emerald Publishing, United Kingdom, a Malaysia’s Research Star Award by Elsevier/Ministry of Education Malaysia, and a Publons Peer Review Award from Publons, USA. Publons also recognized him as a Certified Publons Academic Mentor. Later, he received a Professor of Eminence Award from Aligarh Muslim University, India, a Top Research Scientists’ Malaysia Award from the Academy of Science Malaysia, Gold in Invention and Innovation Awards, Malaysia Technology Expo, and a PERINTIS Publication Award from PERINTIS, Malaysia. He was listed among the world’s top 2% scientists by Stanford University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP); Advanced Engineering Materials and Composites Research Centre (AEMC), Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

R.A. Ilyas

R.A. Ilyas is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia. In 2012, he received his Diploma in Forestry from Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus (UPMKB), Sarawak, Malaysia. That same year, he was awarded the Public Service Department (JPA) scholarship to pursue his BSc in Chemical Engineering at UPM and then, in 2016, he was awarded the Graduate Research Fellowship (GRF) by UPM to undertake a PhD degree in the field of Biocomposite Technology & Design at the Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP) UPM. Dr. Ilyas was the recipient of the 2019 MVP Doctor of Philosophy Gold Medal Award UPM, that followed Best PhD Thesis and Top Student Awards.  In 2018, he was also awarded a National Book Award, an Outstanding Reviewer Award by 'Carbohydrate Polymers', Elsevier (United Kingdom), a Best Paper Award at the 11th AUN/SEED-Net Regional Conference on Energy Engineering, a Best Paper Award at the 2019 Seminar Enau Kebangsaan, Persatuan Pembangunan dan Industri Enau (Malaysia). In 2019, he was included in the list of the world’s top 2% scientists by Stanford University and received a 2021 PERINTIS Publication Award by Persatuan Saintis Muslim (Malaysia). His main research interests are in the fields of polymer engineering (biodegradable polymers, biopolymers, polymer composites, polymer gels) and materials engineering (natural fiber-reinforced polymer composites, biocomposites, cellulose materials, nanocomposites). To date, he has authored or coauthored more than 250 publications: 92 journal articles indexed in JCR/Scopus, 14 books, 69 book chapters, 51 conference proceedings/seminars, 2 research bulletins, 10 conference papers, and guest edited 6 journal special issues, as well as edited/coedited conference/seminar proceedings on green materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering; Center for Advanced Composite Materials (CACM), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

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