Biochemistry of the Glycosidic Linkage an Integrated View - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125572507, 9780323142410

Biochemistry of the Glycosidic Linkage an Integrated View

1st Edition

Editors: Romano Piras
eBook ISBN: 9780323142410
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 814
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Description

Biochemistry of the Glycosidic Linkage: An Integrated View is a collection of papers presented at The Pan-American Association of Biochemical Societies Symposium, held in San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina on November 8-11, 1971. This symposium is organized as a tribute to Luis F. Leloir and his contributions in the field glycosidic linkage. This book is divided into six sessions encompassing 57 chapters. The opening session discusses the role of biochemical mechanisms in the glycosidic linkage formation. The following sessions examine the metabolic functions of some disaccharides, such as trehalose, sucrose, glucose, and starch. These sessions also look into the biosynthesis, function, and properties of carbohydrates containing polymers. The discussion then shifts to the control of enzyme biosynthesis involved in the glycosidic linkage metabolism, with particular emphasis on alpha-amylase, lactose synthetase, phosphorylase, and neuraminidase enzymes. Another session is devoted to the regulatory mechanisms and control of glycogen metabolism. The concluding session covers the genetic analysis and biochemical characterization of the enzymes involved in the glycosidic linkage metabolism. Biochemists and carbohydrate researchers will find this text invaluable.

Table of Contents


Participants

Preface

Acknowledgments

Opening Address: Biosynthesis of Polysaccharides Seen from Buenos Aires

Session I. Biochemical Mechanisms of the Glycosidic Linkage Formation

Role and Mechanisms of Transglycosylation Reactions

The Role of Pyridine Nucleotides in Interconversions of Nucleoside Diphosphate Sugars

Virus Control of the Synthesis of Glycosidic Linkages: Glycoprotein and Glycolipid Sialic Acid Transferases from Normal and SV40 Transformed Balb/c Cells

The Role of Polyisoprenyl Alcohols in the Biosynthesis of the Peptidoglycan of Bacterial Cell Walls and Other Complex Polysaccharides

Communications

A Cytidylic-Guanylic Acid-Glucose-Peptide Nucleotide from Eggs of Bufo arenarum

Sugar Moiety of Bleomycins

UDP-Galactose-4'-epimerase A 4-Ulose NAD+ Oxido-Reductase

The Chemical Synthesis of Pyrophosphodiesters of Carbohydrates and Isoprenoid Alcohols: The "Lipid Intermediates" of Bacterial Polysaccharide Biosynthesis

Possible Metal Ion Participation in the UDP-Glucose-4'-epimerase Reaction

The Structure of the Compound Formed by Glucose Transfer from Dolichol-Monophosphate-Glucose to a Microsomal Acceptor

Further Studies on the Structure of the Compound that Receives Glucose from Dolichol-Monophosphate-Glucose

Lipid-Linked Intermediates in the Biosynthesis of Polysaccharides in Acetobacter xylinum

Dolichol Phosphate and Mannose Transferase Reactions in Animal Systems

A Plant Mannosyl-Lipid Intermediate

The Role of a Lipid-Intermediate in Mannose-Polymer Biosynthesis in Yeast

Session II. The Metabolic Function of Some Disaccharides

The Role of Sucrose and Sucrose Synthetase in Helianthus tuberosus

Role of α-Lactalbumin in the Lactose Synthetase Reaction

The Function of Trehalase in the Active Transport of Glucose in the Mammalian Kidney

Communications

Sucrose and Its Connection with the Metabolism of Starch

Metabolism of Trehalose in Euglena gracilis

Enzymic Mechanism of Starch Biosynthesis in Developing Rice Seeds

Session III. Function and Organization of Carbohydrate Containing Polymers

Biosynthesis of Polysaccharides from Sugar Nucleotides in Plants

Isoprenoid Intermediates in the Biosynthesis of Bacterial Walls

Some Aspects of the Structure and Biosynthesis of Connective Tissue Proteoglycans

Biochemical Basis for Blood Groups in Man

Communications

ß-Glucan Synthesis by Lolium multiflorum Endosperm Preparations

Paracrystalline Glycogen

Detection of Multienzyme (Phosphorylase b, Phosphorylase Kinase)- Primer Complexes at the Level of Purified Zonal Centrifuged Sarcoplasmic Vesicles Extracted from Rabbit Skeletal Muscle

The Mechanism of Glucose Transfer by Phosphorylase and Glycogen Synthetase

The Biosynthesis of Brain Gangliosides

Chemical Structure and Biosynthesis of the Glycoprotein Coat of the TA3 Cancer Cell

Aspects on the Structure and Function of Phytotoxic Glycopeptides and Other Glycosides from Plant Pathogens

Session IV. Control of the Biosynthesis of Enzymes Involved in the Metabolism of the Glycosidic Linkage

The Program of Polysaccharide and Disaccharide Synthesis during the Development of Dictyostelium discoideum

Gibberellic Acid and α-Amylase Induction in Germinating Cereal Seeds

The Developmental Pattern of Enzymes Related to Glycogen Metabolism in Chick Embryo Muscle

Development of the Lactose Synthetase System

Communications

A Primer-less Form of Potato Phosphorylase: Possible Involvement in Starch Biosynthesis

Studies on Particulate Transglucosylases from Potato Tubers

The Soluble and Particulate Neuraminidases of Rat Brain and Rat Liver: Developmental Changes

Session V: Control of Glycogen Metabolism

Regulatory Mechanisms in the Biosynthesis of Plant Starch and Bacterial Glycogen

Synthesis of an αl, 4-Glucan by ADP-Glucose: αl, 4-Glucan 4-Glucosyl Transferases in Absence of Primer

Adenyl Cyclase and the Regulation of Glycogen Metabolism in Neurospora crassa

The Actions of Epinephrine and Other Stimuli That Promote Glycogenolysis in Cardiac and Skeletal Muscle

Insulin and Glycogen Synthase

Communications

Glycogen from Thermophilic Bacteria

Synthesis of a Glucan Protein from UDP-Glucose

The Relationship between Hormonal and Metabolite Regulation of Tadpole Liver Glycogen Synthetase

Regulatory Mechanisms in the Metabolism of Liver Glycogen

Session VI: Genetic Aspects of the Enzymes Involved in the Metabolism of the Glycosidic Linkage

Genetic Analysis and Biochemical Characterization of Mutants Impairing Glycogen Metabolism in Escherichia coli Kl2

The Turnover of (2-3H) Glucose: An Assay for Diagnosis of Type I Glycogenosis

Dynamic Studies of Glycogen Metabolism in Glycogen Storage Disease Using Fibroblast Cultures Derived from Patients and Their Families

The Biochemical Basis of the Inborn Errors of Mucopolysaccharide Metabolism

Communications

The Control of the Biosynthesis of Sucrases in Bacillus subtilis: Genetic and Biochemical Aspects

The Effect of Trehalose on the Glycogen Turnover Rate in Human Fibroblasts

A Low-Molecular Weight Form of Glycogen Occurring in a Case of Glycogen Storage Disease

Hyaluronidase Activity in Lysosomes of Rat Liver and Hepatoma

The Effect of Hyaluronidase in the Degradation and Excretion of Mucopolysaccharides in the Hunter's and Hurler's Syndromes (Gargoylism)

A New Mucopolysaccharidosis Characterized by Excretion of Chondroitin Sulfate C of Low Sulfate Content

Hereditary Galactosemia and Lactose Biosynthesis

Closing Address: Some Salient Features of the Enzymatic Synthesis of the Glycosidic Bond

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
814
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142410

About the Editor

Romano Piras