Biochemistry of Insects

Biochemistry of Insects

1st Edition - August 28, 1978

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  • Editor: Morris Rockstein
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143721

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Description

Biochemistry of Insects reviews the state of knowledge in insect biochemistry. The book begins by examining the function of carbohydrates in regulating and maintaining the life processes of insects. This is followed by separate chapters on the functional roles of lipids and proteins in insects; and protein synthesis in insects. Subsequent chapters cover the chemistry of insect cuticle; the structure, distribution, and chemistry of insect biochromes; and chemical control of insect behavior. Also discussed are the biochemical aspects of the natural products used by insects in defensive contexts; the reaction of insecticides and related compounds with their targets; detoxification mechanisms in insects; and genetic variation in natural populations. Designed to serve as a basic textbook in field, this volume should be equally useful as an auxiliary text for most relevant courses in insect biology, particularly insect physiology, insect ecology, insect control, and economic entomology. The book should also serve as an important reference source for the advanced student, the research scientist, and the professional entomologist seeking authoritative details of relevant areas of subject matter.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1 The Functions of Carbohydrates in Insect Life Processes

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Insect Carbohydrates

    III. Carbohydrates in Insect Nutrition

    IV. Digestion of Carbohydrates

    V. Absorption of Carbohydrates

    VI. Excretion and Detoxication

    VII. Carbohydrates in Structural Components and Pigments

    VIII. Carbohydrates in Insect Metabolism

    IX. Carbohydrates in Metamorphosis

    X. Carbohydrates in Flight Muscles

    XI. Carbohydrates in Reproduction and Embryonic Development

    XII. Carbohydrates in Diapause and Coldhardiness

    XIII. Carbohydrates and Insect Behavior

    XIV. Conclusion

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    2 Functional Role of Lipids in Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Lipid Requirements

    III. Digestion and Absorption

    IV. Transport

    V. Utilization of Lipids

    VI. Biosynthesis of Lipids

    VII. Endocrine Regulation of Lipid Metabolism

    VIII. Conclusions

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    3 Functional Role of Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure Proteins

    III. Interstitial Proteins

    IV. Enzymes

    V. Hemoproteins Other than Hemoglobin

    VI. Bioluminescence

    VII. Peptide Hormones

    VIII. Concluding Remarks

    General References

    4 Protein Synthesis in Relation to Cellular Activation and Deactivation

    I. Introduction

    II. Protein Synthesis and Nucleocytoplasmic Interactions during Early Embryogenesis

    III. Synthesis and Storage of Proteins in Fat Body

    IV. Regulation of Proteolytic Digestive Enzymes

    V. Synthesis of Secretion Proteins and Puffing of Polytene Chromosomes in Salivary Glands

    VI. Activation of Protein Synthesis in the Male Accessory Gland

    VII. Protein Synthesis as a Basic Problem of Aging

    VIII. Morphogenetic Consequence Resulting from Mutational Effect on Protein Synthesis

    IX. Concluding Remarks

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    5 The Chemistry of Insect Cuticle

    I. Introduction

    II. The Components

    III. Irreversible Changes: Sclerotization and Melanization

    IV. Reversible Changes

    V. The Epicuticle and Permeability Barriers

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    6 Insect Biochromes: their Chemistry and Role

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure, Distribution, and Chemistry

    III. Role of Biochromes in Insects

    IV. Conclusions

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    7 Biochemistry of Insect Hormones and Insect Growth Regulators

    I. Introduction

    II. Prothoracicotropic Hormone (Brain Hormone, Activation Hormone, or Ecdysiotropin)

    III. Ecdysone

    IV. Juvenile Hormone

    V. Eclosion Hormone

    VI. Bursicon

    VII. Hormonal Control of Reproduction

    VIII. Diapause

    IX. Insect Growth Regulators

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    8 Chemical Control of Behavior—Intraspecific

    I. Diffusion and Detection

    II. Specificity

    III. Pheromones of Social Insects

    IV. Negative Controls

    V. Biosynthesis

    VI. Literature

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    9 Chemical Control of Behavior—Interspecific

    I. Communication from Noninsects

    II. Communication between Insect Species

    III. Chemicals That Affect Noninsects

    IV. General Considerations

    V. Literature

    General References

    10 Chemical Control of Insects by Pheromones

    I. Introduction

    II. Breaking the Communication Code

    III. Pheromone-Baited Traps

    IV. Techniques Utilizing Pheromone Bait

    V. Manipulating the Communication Code

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    11 Biochemical Defenses of Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Allomones and Pheromones

    III. Sources of Insect Defensive Products

    IV. Hymenopterous Venoms

    V. Chemistry of Exocrine Defensive Compounds

    VI. Metabolic Adaptations for Tolerating Toxic Natural Products

    VII. Selective Sequestration of Plant Natural Products

    VIII. Biosynthesis of Insect Defensive Compounds

    IX. Adaptations to Avoid Autointoxication

    X. Regeneration of Defensive Secretions

    XI. Optimizing the Adaptiveness of the Defensive Secretion

    XII. Defensive Compounds and Chemotaxonomy

    General References

    12 The Biochemistry of Toxic Action of Insecticides

    I. Introduction

    II. Anticholinesterases

    III. Acetylcholine Receptor Agents

    IV. Presynaptic Agents: Aldrin and Dieldrin

    V. Axonic Poisons

    VI. Biochemical Studies on Chlorinated Hydrocarbons

    VII. Are Pyrethroids Axonic Poisons?

    VIII. A Muscle Poison

    IX. Chlordimeform: A Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor?

    X. Metabolic Poisons

    XI. Inhibitors of Chitin Synthesis

    General References

    13 Detoxication Mechanisms in Insects

    I. General Introduction

    II. Phase 1 Reactions

    III. Phase 2 Reactions

    IV. Multiple Pathways

    V. Induction of Detoxication Enzymes

    VI. Detoxication Enzymes in Insecticide Resistance

    VII. General Conclusions

    VIII. Glossary of Chemical Names

    General References

    14 Chemical Genetics and Evolution

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetic Variation in Natural Populations

    III. Genetic Differentiation during Speciation

    IV. Reconstruction of Evolutionary History

    General References

    References for Advanced Students and Research Scientists

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 666
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: August 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143721

About the Editor

Morris Rockstein

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