Biochemistry And Physiology of Nutrition

Biochemistry And Physiology of Nutrition

1st Edition - January 1, 1953

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  • Editor: Geoffrey Bourne
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143882

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Biochemistry and Physiology of Nutrition, Volume II focuses on the processes, methods, and studies on nutrition. The book starts by discussing intracellular localization through histochemical methods of enzymes and vitamins; the structural changes in vitamin deficiency; and microbiology of digestion. Deficiencies in vitamins, A, C, D, E, B1, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, choline, biotin, and folic acid are noted. The book then focuses on microbiology of digestion, considering the establishment of microbial population in the alimentary tract, results of microbial digestion, antibiotics, and intestinal flora of man. The text also defines the nutrition system of worms, insects, and protozoa. The generation of ATP in terminal respiration and anaerobic glycolysis, as well as ATP's role in energy transfer, is noted. The discussions also focus on hydrolytic and phosphorylitic enzymes, such as carbohydrates, esterases, amidases, phosphatases, and phosporylases. Other topics covered are respiratory enzymes and coenzymes in which nucleotides, glucose diphosphate, diphosphoglyceric acid, and thiamine pyrophosphate are noted. The book notes the functions of iron compounds in the body, particularly in blood and tissues, and then touches on calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Given considerations are calcium and phosphorus in blood, skeletal calcium and phosphorus, and the factors affecting adsorption. A discussion also focuses on trace elements and the effects of protein, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins in nutrition. The book is a vital source of data for readers interested in studying the elements, factors, processes, and methods involved in nutrition.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume II

    Contents of Volume I

    The Intracellular Localization by Histochemical Methods of Enzymes and Vitamins

    I. Introduction

    II. Enzymes

    III. Vitamins

    Structural Changes in Vitamin Deficiency

    I. Introduction

    II. Vitamin A Deficiency

    III. Vitamin Bi Deficiency

    IV. Riboflavin Deficiency

    V. Nicotinic Acid Deficiency

    VI. Pyridoxine Deficiency

    VII. Choline Deficiency

    VIII. Biotin Deficiency

    IX. Pantothenic Acid Deficiency

    X. Folic Acid Deficiency

    XI. Vitamin C Deficiency

    XII. Vitamin D Deficiency

    XIII. Vitamin E Deficiency

    XIV. Deficiency of Other Factors

    Microbiology of Digestion

    I. Introduction

    II . The "Germ-Free" State

    III. The Establishment of the Microbial Population in the Alimentary Tract

    IV. Protozoans and the Host

    V. Bacteria and the Host

    VI. The Results of Microbial Digestion

    VII. The Fate of Alimentary Microorganisms

    VIII. The Intestinal Flora of Man

    IX. Antibiotics

    The Nutrition of Invertebrate Animals

    I. Introduction

    II. Protozoa (Animal Organisms)

    III. Worms

    IV. Insects

    V. Conclusions

    Energetics and Metabolic Function

    I. Introduction

    II . Concept of "Energy-Rich" Phosphate Esters

    III. Central Role of ATP in Energy Transfer

    IV. Generation of ATP in Anaerobic Glycolysis

    V. Generation of ATP in Terminal Respiration

    VI. Utilization of Metabolic Energy for Biosyntheses

    Hydrolytic and Phosphorolytic Enzymes

    I. Introduction

    II. Esterases

    III. Proteolytic Enzymes

    IV. Carbohydrases

    V. Nucleolytic Enzyme

    VI. The Chemical Process of Digestion

    VII. Amidases

    VIII. Nitrogen Excretion

    IX. Phosphatases

    X. Phosphorylases

    The Respiratory Enzymes

    I. Introduction

    II . The Pyridine Proteins

    III. The Flavoprotein Enzymes

    IV. The Hemoprotein Enzymes

    V. The Copper Enzymes


    I. Introduction

    II. Diphosphopyridine and Triphosphopyridine Nucleotides

    III. Flavin Mononucleotide and Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide

    IV. Adenine Nucleotides

    V. Glucose Diphosphate and Diphosphoglyceric Acid

    VI. Thiamine Pyrophosphate

    VII. Coenzyme A

    VIII. Pyridoxal Phosphate

    IX. Miscellaneous

    Iron Metabolism

    I. General Metabolism and Function of Iron Compounds in the Body

    II . Absorption

    III. Excretion

    IV. Iron in Blood

    V. Iron in Tissues

    VI. Iron Deficiency

    Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism

    I. Functions and Distribution

    II . Calcium and Phosphorus in Blood

    III. Skeletal Calcium and Phosphorus

    IV. Factors Influencing Absorption

    V. Excretion

    VI. Factors Affecting Utilization of Absorbed Calcium and Phosphorus

    VII. Requirements for Health

    VIII. Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism in Disease

    Trace Elements

    I. Introduction

    II. Copper

    III. Cobalt

    IV. Nickel

    V. Manganese

    VI. Zinc

    VII. Iodine

    VIII. Bromine

    IX. Fluorine

    X. Arsenic

    XI. Boron

    XII. Aluminum

    XIII. Silicon

    Application to Human Nutrition

    I. Historical Background—Development of the Science of Human Nutrition

    II . Energy Metabolism in Man

    III. Protein Nutrition

    IV. Carbohydrates in Nutrition

    V. Fats in Human Nutrition

    VI. Mineral Nutrition

    VII. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

    VIII. Vitamins of the B Complex

    IX. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

    X. Trends in Human Nutrition Research and Future Possibilities

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1953
  • Published: January 1, 1953
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143882

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne

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