Biochemistry And Physiology of Nutrition - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955227, 9780323143882

Biochemistry And Physiology of Nutrition

1st Edition

Editors: Geoffrey Bourne
eBook ISBN: 9780323143882
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1953
Page Count: 654
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Description

Biochemistry and Physiology of Nutrition, Volume II focuses on the processes, methods, and studies on nutrition. The book starts by discussing intracellular localization through histochemical methods of enzymes and vitamins; the structural changes in vitamin deficiency; and microbiology of digestion. Deficiencies in vitamins, A, C, D, E, B1, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, choline, biotin, and folic acid are noted. The book then focuses on microbiology of digestion, considering the establishment of microbial population in the alimentary tract, results of microbial digestion, antibiotics, and intestinal flora of man. The text also defines the nutrition system of worms, insects, and protozoa. The generation of ATP in terminal respiration and anaerobic glycolysis, as well as ATP's role in energy transfer, is noted. The discussions also focus on hydrolytic and phosphorylitic enzymes, such as carbohydrates, esterases, amidases, phosphatases, and phosporylases. Other topics covered are respiratory enzymes and coenzymes in which nucleotides, glucose diphosphate, diphosphoglyceric acid, and thiamine pyrophosphate are noted. The book notes the functions of iron compounds in the body, particularly in blood and tissues, and then touches on calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Given considerations are calcium and phosphorus in blood, skeletal calcium and phosphorus, and the factors affecting adsorption. A discussion also focuses on trace elements and the effects of protein, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins in nutrition. The book is a vital source of data for readers interested in studying the elements, factors, processes, and methods involved in nutrition.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume II

Contents of Volume I

The Intracellular Localization by Histochemical Methods of Enzymes and Vitamins

I. Introduction

II. Enzymes

III. Vitamins

Structural Changes in Vitamin Deficiency

I. Introduction

II. Vitamin A Deficiency

III. Vitamin Bi Deficiency

IV. Riboflavin Deficiency

V. Nicotinic Acid Deficiency

VI. Pyridoxine Deficiency

VII. Choline Deficiency

VIII. Biotin Deficiency

IX. Pantothenic Acid Deficiency

X. Folic Acid Deficiency

XI. Vitamin C Deficiency

XII. Vitamin D Deficiency

XIII. Vitamin E Deficiency

XIV. Deficiency of Other Factors

Microbiology of Digestion

I. Introduction

II . The "Germ-Free" State

III. The Establishment of the Microbial Population in the Alimentary Tract

IV. Protozoans and the Host

V. Bacteria and the Host

VI. The Results of Microbial Digestion

VII. The Fate of Alimentary Microorganisms

VIII. The Intestinal Flora of Man

IX. Antibiotics

The Nutrition of Invertebrate Animals

I. Introduction

II. Protozoa (Animal Organisms)

III. Worms

IV. Insects

V. Conclusions

Energetics and Metabolic Function

I. Introduction

II . Concept of "Energy-Rich" Phosphate Esters

III. Central Role of ATP in Energy Transfer

IV. Generation of ATP in Anaerobic Glycolysis

V. Generation of ATP in Terminal Respiration

VI. Utilization of Metabolic Energy for Biosyntheses

Hydrolytic and Phosphorolytic Enzymes

I. Introduction

II. Esterases

III. Proteolytic Enzymes

IV. Carbohydrases

V. Nucleolytic Enzyme

VI. The Chemical Process of Digestion

VII. Amidases

VIII. Nitrogen Excretion

IX. Phosphatases

X. Phosphorylases

The Respiratory Enzymes

I. Introduction

II . The Pyridine Proteins

III. The Flavoprotein Enzymes

IV. The Hemoprotein Enzymes

V. The Copper Enzymes

Coenzymes

I. Introduction

II. Diphosphopyridine and Triphosphopyridine Nucleotides

III. Flavin Mononucleotide and Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide

IV. Adenine Nucleotides

V. Glucose Diphosphate and Diphosphoglyceric Acid

VI. Thiamine Pyrophosphate

VII. Coenzyme A

VIII. Pyridoxal Phosphate

IX. Miscellaneous

Iron Metabolism

I. General Metabolism and Function of Iron Compounds in the Body

II . Absorption

III. Excretion

IV. Iron in Blood

V. Iron in Tissues

VI. Iron Deficiency

Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism

I. Functions and Distribution

II . Calcium and Phosphorus in Blood

III. Skeletal Calcium and Phosphorus

IV. Factors Influencing Absorption

V. Excretion

VI. Factors Affecting Utilization of Absorbed Calcium and Phosphorus

VII. Requirements for Health

VIII. Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism in Disease

Trace Elements

I. Introduction

II. Copper

III. Cobalt

IV. Nickel

V. Manganese

VI. Zinc

VII. Iodine

VIII. Bromine

IX. Fluorine

X. Arsenic

XI. Boron

XII. Aluminum

XIII. Silicon

Application to Human Nutrition

I. Historical Background—Development of the Science of Human Nutrition

II . Energy Metabolism in Man

III. Protein Nutrition

IV. Carbohydrates in Nutrition

V. Fats in Human Nutrition

VI. Mineral Nutrition

VII. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

VIII. Vitamins of the B Complex

IX. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

X. Trends in Human Nutrition Research and Future Possibilities

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
654
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1953
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143882

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne

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