Biochemical Evolution - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955210, 9780323160797

Biochemical Evolution

1st Edition

Authors: Author Unknown
eBook ISBN: 9780323160797
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1949
Page Count: 168
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Biochemical Evolution focuses on the processes, approaches, and methodologies involved in biochemical evolution, including biochemical systems, digestion, metabolism, and morphology.

The publication first offers information on the unity of the biochemical plan of animals, dissimilarities, and evolution of biochemical constituents, as well as biochemical analogs and homologs and evolution of biochemical constituents. The text then ponders on orthogenetic evolution of biochemical systems and biochemical adaptations. Discussions focus on respiratory function, hydrolytic processes of digestion, protein metabolism, ammonemia, domain of glucemia, and marine, fresh-water, and terrestrial animals.

The manuscript takes a look at systematic characters, including the biochemical characteristics of vertebrates, tunicates, cyclostomes, elasmobranchs, insects, sipunculids, and the taxonomy of biochemical characteristics. The text then tackles perspectives, as well as mechanism of biochemical evolution, biochemistry and morphology, and irreversibility of lost biochemical characters.

The book is a dependable source of data for readers interested in biochemical evolution.

Table of Contents


Translator's Preface

Chapter I. Unity of the Biochemical Plan of Animals

Chapter II. Dissimilarities

Chapter III. Evolution of Biochemical Constituents

A. Biochemical Analogs

1. Oxygen Carriers

2. Phosphate Carriers

3. Electron Carriers

4. Osmotic Crystalloids

B. Biochemical Homologs

C. Evolution of Biochemical Constituents

Chapter IV. Orthogenetic Evolution of Biochemical Systems

A. Milieu Interieur (Internal Medium)

B. Respiratory Function

C. Hydrolytic Processes of Digestion

D. Protein Metabolism

E. Ammonemia

F. Purine Metabolism

Chapter V. Biochemical Adaptations

Biochemical Characteristics in Relation to Anatomical, Physiological, and Ecological Characteristics

A. Domain of Respiratory Function

1. Protein Content and Anatomical Localization of the Internal Medium

2. Size and Localization of Oxygen Carriers

3. Presence or Absence of the Bohr Effect and Localization of Oxygen Carriers

4. Meaning and Magnitude of the Bohr Effect and Physiological and Ecological Characteristics of Animals

5. The Oxygen Tension at the Base of the Respiratory Cycle and the Activity of the Animal

6. Loading Pressure of the Oxygen Carrier and the Partial Pressure of Arterial Oxygen

7. The Oxygen Carrier and Metabolic Needs of the Animal

8. Oxygen Carrier and the Special Ecological Condition of an Echiuroid, Urechis Caupo

B. Domain of Glucemia

1. Presence or Absence of a Circulatory System and Presence or Absence of Coelomic Glucemia

2. Physiology of Glucemia and the Ecological Condition of Sipunculus

3. Physiology of Glucemia and the Ecological Conditions of Two Decapod Crustacea

4. Physiology of Glucemia and Ecological Condition in the Bee

C. Domain of Digestion

1. Nature of Hydrolytic Systems and Ecological Conditions

2. Collagenase and the Ecology of Lucilla Larvae

3. Chitinase and the Special Ecology of Pseudagenia Larvae

4. Reductant and the Special Ecology of Keratinophages

D. Domain of Photoreception

E. Domain of Osmoregulation

1. Osmoregulation in Marine Euryhalines

2. Osmoregulation of Fresh-Water Invertebrates

3. Osmoregulation in Fresh-Water Teleosts

4. Osmoregulation in Marine Teleosts

5. Osmoregulation in Marine Elasmobranchs

6. Osmoregulation of Fresh-Water Elasmobranchs

7. Osmoregulation in Terrestrial Animals

8. Evolution of Osmoregulation in Vertebrates

F. Marine, Fresh-Water and Terrestrial Animals

Chapter VI. Systematic Characters

A. Biochemical Characteristics of Vertebrates

B. Biochemical Characteristics of Tunicates

C. Biochemical Characteristics of Cyclostomes

D. Biochemical Characteristics of Elasmobranchs

E. Biochemical Characteristics of Sipunculids

F. Biochemical Characteristics of Insects

G. Taxonomy of Biochemical Characteristics

Chapter VII. Perspectives

A. Biochemistry and Morphology

B. Mechanism of Biochemical Evolution

C. Biochemical Aspects of the Law of Serres

D. Reversibility of Biochemical Evolution

E. Irreversibility of Lost Biochemical Characters


Zoological Classification

Author Index

Subject Index

Index of Animals I

Index of Animals II


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About the Author

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