Biochemical and Photosynthetic Aspects of Energy Production

Biochemical and Photosynthetic Aspects of Energy Production

1st Edition - January 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Anthony San Pietro
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159241

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Biochemical and Photosynthetic Aspects of Energy Production describes the biological processes that may serve to provide alternative energy sources. This book contains nine chapters that specifically tackle the utilization of biological and agricultural wastes, energy farming, and leaf protein. The introductory chapters deal with the dynamics of seaweed growth, the physical properties controlling them, and the elements of algal-bacterial systems. These topics are followed by a discussion on the potential for the production of meaningful amounts of gaseous and liquid fuels, as well as selected organic chemicals from residues and biomass. The following chapters examine the fundamentals and principles of nitrogen fixation, the factors that affect the possibilities of success in energy farming projects, and the development and atmospheric consequences of oxygen and carbon dioxide cycles. The concluding chapters explore the mechanism of glycerol production in the Dunaliella alga and the energy analysis in biofuel production. Biochemists, biologists, and researchers in the fields of alternative fuels will find this book of great value.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 Biological and Agricultural Systems: An Overview

    I. Introduction

    II. Impending Liquid Fuel Problem

    III. Energy Available from Photosynthesis

    IV. Efficiency of Photosynthesis

    V. Areas Required for Solar Power

    VI. Complete Crop Utilization

    VII. Energy Farming

    VIII. Cellulose

    IX. Waste Disposal and Algae

    X. Plant Selection and Breeding

    XI. Regulation of Plant Reactions and Selected End Products

    XII. Controlled Environments

    XIII. Nitrogen Fixation

    XIV. Biocatalytic Hydrogen Production Systems

    XV. Carbon Reduction

    XVI. Artificial Chlorophyll Membranes

    XVII. Bacteriorhodopsin Membranes

    XVIII. Concluding Remarks


    2 Marine Biomass Production through Seaweed Aquaculture

    I. Introduction

    II. Seaweed Growth

    III. Impact of Advective-Convective Processes on Oceanic Culture

    IV. Conclusions


    3 Algal-Bacterial Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Elements of Algal-Bacterial Systems

    III. Conclusions


    4 Fuels and Organic Chemicals via Anaerobic Fermentation of Residues and Biomass

    I. Introduction

    II. Perspective of Economic Impact

    III. Temperature Effect

    IV. New Processing Concepts

    V. Fermenter Functioning

    VI. Biomass Sources

    VII. Summary


    5 Biological Nitrogen Fixation with an Emphasis on the Legumes

    I. Introduction

    II. Biological Nitrogen-Fixation Systems

    III. The Symbiotic Association in Legumes

    IV. Asymbiotic Fixation by Rhizobia

    V. The Enzymology of Nitrogen Fixation

    VI. Energy Requirements for Nitrogen Fixation

    VII. Increasing Biological Nitrogen Fixation


    6 Energy Crops (Energy Farming)

    I. Introduction

    II. Why Is Efficiency Important?

    III. Advantages of Energy Farming

    IV. Efficiencies of Solar Energy Conversion by Plants

    V. Calculated Maximum Biomass Production and Reported High Yields

    VI. C-4 Metabolism and Photorespiration and Effects of CO2 Enrichment

    VII. Energy Content of Biomass

    VIII. Types of Energy Farms

    IX. Crops Requiring Moderate Rainfall or Irrigation

    X. Energy Crops in Semi-Arid and Arid Regions

    XI. Ponds and Fresh-Water or Brackish-Water Bodies

    XII. Marine: Giant Kelp

    XIII. Biomass Residues from Agriculture and Forestry

    XIV. Summary

    XV. Epilogue


    7 The O2/CO2 Cycle: Development and Atmospheric Consequences

    I. Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen

    II. Distribution of Biogenic Carbon and Oxygen

    III. Stability of Atmospheric Oxygen Content

    IV. Increase of Carbon Dioxide—The "Greenhouse" Effect


    8 Glycerol Production in the Alga Dunaliella

    I. Introduction

    II. Growth of Dunaliella under Measurable and Controlled Conditions

    III. Glycerol Production in Dunaliella

    IV. Bioengineering Approach

    V. Economic Appraisal

    VI. Conclusion


    9 Energy Considerations of Biofuels Production

    I. Energy Analysis

    II. Solar Energy

    III. Fuels from Biomass

    IV. Conclusion



Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159241

About the Editor

Anthony San Pietro

Affiliations and Expertise

Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, U.S.A.

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