Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals

Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals

1st Edition - May 14, 2022

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  • Editors: Daniel C.W. Tsang, Yong Sik Ok
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323853446
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323853439

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Description

Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals introduces the state-of-the-art of biochar for agricultural applications to actualize sustainable development goals and highlight current challenges and the way forward. The book focuses on scientific knowledge and biochar technologies for agricultural soil improvement and plant growth. Sections provide state-of-the-art knowledge on biochar production and characterization, focus on biochar for agricultural application and soil improvement, discuss the roles of biochar for environmental improvement in farmland to relieve water and waste management as well as climate change, highlight biochar used for boosting bioeconomy and clean energy, and discuss future prospects. This book will be important to agricultural engineers and researchers as well as those seeking to improve overall soil and environmental conditions through the use of biochar.

Key Features

  • Focuses on biochar utilization in agricultural applications, targeting deeper elaboration of biochar as a cost-effective and renewable material in field-scale agriculture applications
  • Highlights biochar’s role in boosting the bioeconomy which shows great potential for promoting a circular economy and maximizing environmental, social and economic benefits
  • Connects biochar applications with sustainable development goals

Readership

Agricultural scientists/engineers, soil scientists, environmental scientists/engineers, researchers and practitioners in the agricultural/environmental industry, undergraduate and graduate students in agricultural science, soil science, environmental engineering/sciences, environmental and sustainable development, water and waste management, civil engineering, chemical engineering

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Part I: Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Agricultural waste-derived biochar for environmental management
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Biochar production and properties
  • 1.3 Biochar for environmental management
  • 1.4 Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Biochar and sustainable development goals
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Biochar material
  • 2.3 Sustainable soil management by biochar
  • 2.4 Prospect and future recommendations
  • 2.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Reference
  • Part II: Biochar Production and Tunable Properties
  • Chapter 3. Biochar and its potential to increase water, trace element, and nutrient retention in soils
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Biochar application into degraded soil
  • 3.3 Conclusions and future directions to applying biochars in degraded soils
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Biochar for carbon sequestration and environmental remediation in soil
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Biochar for carbon sequestration in soil
  • 4.2 Biochar for environmental remediation in soil
  • 4.3 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Hydrochar and activated carbon materials from P- and N-rich biomass waste for environmental remediation and bioenergy application
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 P- and N-rich biomass waste
  • 5.3 Approaches and techniques to treat P- and N-rich biomass waste
  • 5.4 Characterization of hydrochar and activated carbon materials
  • 5.5 Environmental application of hydrochar and activated carbon materials
  • 5.6 Economic feasibility and environmental impact of hydrochar and activated carbon materials
  • 5.7 Conclusions and future prospects
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6. The remediation potential of biochar derived from different biomass for typical pollution in agricultural soil
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Remediation of soil organic pollutants by the application of biochar
  • 6.3 Remediation of heavy metal pollution by the application of biochar
  • 6.4 The impact of biochar application on greenhouse gas emission reduction in soil
  • 6.5 The effect of biochar application on soil microorganisms
  • 6.6 Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Biochar production from lignocellulosic and nonlignocellulosic biomass using conventional and microwave heating
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Pyrolysis for biochar production
  • 7.2 Heating method for pyrolysis
  • 7.3 Conventional versus microwave-assisted pyrolysis
  • 7.4 Conclusions and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Biochar soil application: soil improvement and pollution remediation
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Biochar production technologies
  • 8.3 Soil quality improvement
  • 8.4 Soil pollution remediation
  • 8.5 Economics of biochar production for soil enhancement
  • 8.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Part III: Biochar for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production
  • Chapter 9. Biochar for clean composting and organic fertilizer production
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 The role of biochar on physical properties of cleaner composting
  • 9.3 The role of biochar on chemical properties of cleaner composting
  • 9.4 The role of biochar on biological properties of cleaner composting
  • 9.5 Application and prospect of biochar in organic fertilizer production
  • 9.6 Future prospective
  • 9.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Mineral-enriched biochar fertilizer for sustainable crop production and soil quality improvement
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Role of biochar in crop production
  • 10.3 Biochar organo-mineral interaction in soil
  • 10.4 Mineral-enriched biochar fertilizer
  • 10.5 Future perspectives
  • 10.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Effects of biochar on the environmental behavior of pesticides
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Effect of biochar on pesticide sorption
  • 11.3 Effect of biochar on pesticide transformation
  • 11.4 Effect of biochar on bioavailability of soil animals and plants
  • 11.5 Conclusions and future prospective
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Biochar nanoparticles: interactions with and impacts on soil and water microorganisms
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Generation of biochar nanoparticles
  • 12.3 Interaction of microorganisms with BCNPs during remediation processes
  • 12.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Functionalized biochars for the (im) mobilization of potentially toxic elements in paddy soils under dynamic redox conditions: a case study
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Brief description of the case study
  • 13.3 Impact of functionalized biochar application on the dynamics of Eh and pH
  • 13.4 Impact of functionalized biochar application on the mobilization of PTEs in paddy soils
  • 13.5 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 14. The role of mineral compositions in biochar stability and reactivity
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 The mineral compositions in biochar derived from various feedstocks
  • 14.2 The stability of biochars as affected by mineral compositions
  • 14.3 The reactivity of biochars as affected by mineral compositions
  • 14.4 The manipulation of biochar mineral compositions
  • 14.5 Perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Biochar production and modification for environmental improvement
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Biochar production
  • 15.2 Biochar characterization
  • 15.3 Biochar activation and modification
  • 15.4 Biochar environmental application
  • 15.5 Outlook
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 16. The impact of biochar on nutrient supplies in agricultural ecosystems
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 The concentrations of different nutrient elements in biochar
  • 16.3 The role of biochar application in agricultural ecosystems
  • 16.4 The response of nutrient mobility to biochar application
  • 16.5 The impact of biochar-associated Si on crop growth
  • 16.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Utilization of biochar to mitigate the impacts of potentially toxic elements on sustainable agriculture
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Impact of potentially toxic elements on sustainable agriculture
  • 17.3 Use of biochar in remediating potentially toxic elements contaminated soil
  • 17.4 Future directions of biochar technology for better remediation efficacy and sustainable agriculture
  • 17.5 Perspectives and outlook
  • References
  • Part IV: Biochar for Environmental Improvement in Farmland
  • Chapter 18. Biochar for remediation of alkaline soils contaminated with toxic elements
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Potential of biochar to (im)mobilize toxic elements in alkaline soil
  • 18.3 Factors affecting biochar potential for toxic elements (im)mobilization in alkaline soil
  • 18.4 Mechanisms for the interactions between biochar and toxic elements
  • 18.5 Designer/modified biochar for immobilization of toxic elements in soil
  • 18.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 19. Thallium pollution in farmland soils and its potential amendment by biochar-based materials
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Sources of Tl pollution in farmland soils
  • 19.3 Thallium pollution in farmland soils
  • 19.4 Remediation of Tl-contaminated soil by biochar amendment
  • 19.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 20. Effect of biochar on the emission of greenhouse gas in farmland
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Production of biochar and its carbon neutral effect
  • 20.3 Effect of biochar on the physical-chemical properties of farmland soil
  • 20.4 Effect of biochar on the greenhouse gas emissions in farmland process
  • 20.5 Effects of biochar on microbial community of farmland soil and mechanism of affecting the greenhouse gas emission in soil
  • 20.6 Effect of modified biochar and biochar composite on greenhouse gas emission in farmland soil
  • 20.7 Conclusion and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 21. Biochar for nutrient recovery from source-separated urine
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Urine as a nutrient source
  • 21.3 Adsorption of nutrients on biochar
  • 21.4 Nutrient-rich biochar as soil amendment
  • 21.5 Economical benefits of biochar application for nutrient recovery
  • 21.6 Concerns on the use of biochar for nutrient recovery from urine
  • 21.7 Challenges associated with the use of biochar for nutrient recovery from urine
  • 21.8 Future perspectives and considerations
  • 21.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 22. Influence of biochar on soil biology in the charosphere
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Microbial colonization of the charosphere
  • 22.3 Effect of biochar on the soil microbial diversity
  • 22.4 Effect of biochar on the soil faunal diversity
  • 22.5 Effect of biochar on physicochemical properties of soil
  • 22.6 Soil biotic responses on the application of biochar amendments
  • 22.7 Remarks and recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 23. Biochar for sustainable immobilization of potentially toxic elements in contaminated farmland
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Immobilization of cationic potentially toxic elements and relevant mechanisms
  • 23.3 Immobilization of anionic potentially toxic elements and relevant mechanisms
  • 23.4 Limitations of biochar amendment in contaminated farmland
  • 23.5 Recommendations for biochar application
  • 23.6 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 24. Sequential biochar systems in a circular economy
  • Abstract
  • 24.1 Introduction
  • 24.2 Biochar systems
  • 24.3 Examples of sequential biochar systems
  • 24.4 Outlook
  • 24.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Part V: Biochar for Circular Bioeconomy and Clean Energy for Sustainable Agriculture
  • Chapter 25. Production of biochar using sustainable microwave pyrolysis approach
  • Abstract
  • 25.1 Biomass as a renewable and sustainable resource
  • 25.2 Microwave pyrolysis
  • 25.3 Advanced microwave pyrolysis technology
  • 25.4 Recent progress and challenges of microwave pyrolysis
  • 25.5 Application of biochar
  • 25.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 26. Biochar electrocatalysts for clean energy applications
  • Abstract
  • 26.1 Introduction
  • 26.2 Lithium-ion batteries
  • 26.3 Supercapacitors
  • 26.4 Fuel cells
  • 26.5 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 27. Engineered biochar as a potential adsorbent for carbon dioxide capture
  • Abstract
  • 27.1 Introduction
  • 27.2 Engineered biochar production techniques
  • 27.3 Effect of engineered biochar properties on CO2 adsorption
  • 27.4 Challenges and future directions of engineered biochar for CO2 capture
  • 27.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 28. Biochar: A sustainable solution for the management of agri-wastes and environment
  • Abstract
  • 28.1 Introduction
  • 28.2 Lignocellulosic biomass as sustainable feedstock source for biochar synthesis
  • 28.3 Application of biochar for environmental contaminant removal
  • 28.4 Biochar as sustainable source of environmental management
  • 28.5 Environmental impact and importance of biochar in bioeconomy
  • 28.6 Future perspectives
  • 28.7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 29. Biochars’ potential role in the remediation, revegetation, and restoration of contaminated soils
  • Abstract
  • 29.1 Introduction
  • 29.2 Biochar preparation, physiochemical properties, and biochar modification
  • 29.3 Biochar for contaminated soil remediation
  • 29.4 Biochar application for soil revegetation and restoration
  • 29.5 Potential environmental risks of biochar application
  • 29.6 Conclusions and future prospects
  • Declaration of interest statement
  • References
  • Chapter 30. Renewable energy, cleaner environments, and sustainable agriculture from pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization of residuals
  • Abstract
  • 30.1 Introduction
  • 30.2 Renewable energy from biochar, hydrochar, and plastic wastes
  • 30.3 Cleaner environments
  • 30.4 Sustainable agriculture
  • 30.5 Summary
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 442
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: May 14, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323853446
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323853439

About the Editors

Daniel C.W. Tsang

Prof. Dan Tsang is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia and Chulalongkorn University in Thailand. He was a Visiting Scholar at Ghent University in Belgium and Stanford University in the U.S., Senior Lecturer at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, and Post-doctoral Fellow at Imperial College London in the U.K. and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Dan’s research group strives to develop low-carbon technologies to promote a circular economy, sustainable waste management, and long-term decarbonization. Dan has published more than 500 papers in top 10% journals and served as Associate Editor and Editorial Board Member in several prestigious journals. He was selected as a Highly Cited Researcher in 2021 in the academic fields of Engineering as well as Environment and Ecology. Dan also served as Chair and Organizer of many international conferences such as 5th Asia Pacific Biochar Conference (APBC2021). https://www.dan-tsang.com/

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and MSc Programme Leader, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

Yong Sik Ok

Dr. Ok is a full professor and global research director of Korea University, Seoul, Korea. He has published over 900 research papers and books, 92 of which have been ranked as Web of Science ESI top papers (90 have been selected as “Highly Cited Papers” (HCPs), and two as “Hot Papers”). He has been a Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher (HCR) since 2018 in Cross Field, Environment and Ecology, and Engineering. In 2019, he became the first Korean to be selected as an HCR in the field of Environment and Ecology. Again in 2021, he became the first Korean HCR in two fields: Environment and Ecology, and Engineering. He is working at the vanguard of global efforts to develop sustainable waste management strategies and technologies to address the rising crisis in electronic and plastic waste, and pollution of soil and air with particulate matter. Dr. Ok has also served in a number of positions worldwide including, as an honorary professor at the University of Queensland (Australia), a visiting professor at Tsinghua University (China), an adjunct professor at the University of Wuppertal (Germany), and a guest professor at Ghent University (Belgium). He maintains a worldwide professional network by serving as a Co-Editor-in-Chief of Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, an Editor of Environmental Pollution, a member of the editorial advisory board of Environmental Science & Technology, and an editorial board member of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Chemical Engineering Journal, and Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, and several other top journals. He currently serves as the Director of the Sustainable Waste Management Program for the Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) and the Co-President of the International ESG Association. Moreover, he has served on the Scientific Organizing Committee of P4G Nature Forum: Climate Change and Biodiversity, and Nature Forum: Plastics and Sustainability. Dr. Ok has also served as the chairman of numerous major conferences such as Engineering Sustainable Development series (ESD series), organized by the APRU and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). In 2021, Dr. Ok hosted the first Nature conference among South Korean universities in Seoul on waste management and valorization for a sustainable future together with Chief Editors of Nature Sustainability (Dr. Monica Contestabile), Nature Electronics (Dr. Owain Vaughan), and Nature Nanotechnology (Dr. Fabio Pulizzi). Prof. Ok will host the first Nature Forum on Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) for Global Sustainability: the “E” Pillar for Sustainable Business.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor and Director, Korea Biochar Research Center, Korea University Chair and Program Director, Sustainable Waste Management Program, Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) Co-President, International ESG Association (IESGA)

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