Biochar Application in Soil to Immobilize Heavy Metals

Biochar Application in Soil to Immobilize Heavy Metals

Fundamentals and Case Studies

1st Edition - January 1, 2023

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  • Editor: Zhengtao Shen
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323854597

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Biochar Application in Soil to Immobilize Heavy Metals: Fundamentals and Case Studies covers biochar’s application to soil heavy metal immobilization. The book covers biochar’s effect on soil micro-and macro-properties, assessment of heavy metal stability in biochar-treated soil, and long-term stability of heavy metals in biochar-treated soil. A notable feature of this book includes its extensive use of case studies. Chapters focus on small-scale field trials and medium to large-scale industrial applications of biochar to immobilize soil heavy metals. In addition, the flow of the whole book follows “mechanisms-to-applications-to-case studies,” allowing readers to translate the fundamentals to practical applications.This book provides soil and environmental scientists with the tools they need to build the links between micro-level surface chemistry and macro-level engineering performance.

Key Features

  • Covers the fundamentals and influence of pyrolysis temperature and feedstock on the fundamentals, which is very important for applications
  • Includes sections that discuss the molecular interaction between biochar and heavy metals in soil
  • Contains chapters with subsections that cover mechanisms, applications and case studies, thus allowing readers to quickly grasp content


Students, Professors, Researchers, and other professionals and stakeholders working in Soil Science and Environmental Science. Environmental Engineers, Agricultural Engineers, Geo-engineers

Table of Contents

  • 1. An overview of biochar application in soil to immobilize heavy metals
    1.1 Soil heavy metal contamination and immobilization-based technologies
    1.2 Biochar technology and its fitness for soil heavy metal immobilization
    1.3 Aims, objectives, and organization of the book

    2. Biochar’s surface properties
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Surface properties
    2.3 Influence of pyrolysis temperature and feedstock
    2.4 Summary

    3. Mechanisms underlying biochar induced heavy metal immobilization
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Immobilization mechanisms
    3.3 Effects of pyrolysis temperature and feedstock
    3.4 Adsorption performance of biochar on heavy metals
    3.5 Summary

    4. Biochar application to immobilize heavy metals in different soil systems
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Influence of soil texture and properties
    4.3 Influence of cover plants
    4.4 Influence of soil microbes
    4.5 Summary

    5. Biochar’s effect on soil properties
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Effects on soil carbon cycle
    5.3 Effects on soil nutrients, microbiology and chemistry
    5.4 Effects on soil structure
    5.5 Implications for heavy metal stability
    5.6 Summary

    6. Assessment of heavy metal stability in biochar-treated soil
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Spectroscopic and microstructural assessment
    6.3 Chemical assessment
    6.4 Summary

    7. Long-term stability of heavy metals in biochar-treated soil
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Long-term stability of heavy metals in biochar-treated soils
    7.3 Prediction and monitoring of Long-term stability
    7.4 Strategies to enhance the longevity of biochar applications
    7.5 Summary

    8. Biochar field cases at contaminated sites
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Field trials
    8.3 Medium and large-scale case studies
    8.4 Summary

    9. Engineered biochar for heavy metal immobilization
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Engineering strategies to enhance biochar’s ability to immobilize heavy metals
    9.3 Performance of applications of engineered biochar for heavy metal immobilization
    9.4 Summary

    10. Summary and perspectives
    10.1 Summary
    10.2 A practical guide to biochar addition for soil remediation
    10.3 Points of view

Product details

  • No. of pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2023
  • Published: January 1, 2023
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323854597

About the Editor

Zhengtao Shen

Zhengtao Shen is a Killam Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Alberta. Dr. Shen received his PhD degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Cambridge with a thesis topic of “Characteristics and Mechanisms of Heavy Metal Adsorption on Biochar and Its Application in Soil Remediation” and Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in the School of Earth Sciences and Engineering at Nanjing University. Dr. Shen has been working in the biochar area, especially focusing on its application for soil remediation, for near 10 years. He has published over 50 refereed journal papers on ES&T, JHM etc., two book chapters, and has ~1000 citations.

Affiliations and Expertise

Killam Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

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