Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population

Bioactive Foods in Chronic Disease States

1st Edition - October 20, 2012

Write a review

  • Editors: Ronald Watson, Victor Preedy
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123977618

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF, EPub, Mobi)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population presents scientific evidence of the impact bioactive foods can have in the prevention and mediation of age related diseases. Written by experts from around the world, this volume provides important information that will not only assist in treatment therapies, but inspire research and new work related to this area.

Key Features

  • Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in addressing chronic conditions associated with aging and senescence
  • Important information for developing research on this rapidly growing population representing an increasingly significant financial burden
  • Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways

Readership

Nutritionists, dieticians, biomedical researchers whose focus is addressing the dietary needs of the aging population; food scientists targeting health-related product development

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments for Bioactive Foods in Chronic Disease States

    Preface: Aging Bioactive Foods

    Contributors

    Chapter 1. Antioxidant Supplementation in Health Promotion and Modulation of Aging: An Overview

    1. Oxygen and Oxidative Stress

    2. Antioxidant Defenses

    3. Oxidative Stress and Aging

    4. Dietary Antioxidants in Health Promotion and Chronic Disease

    Glossary

    References

    Further Reading

    Chapter 2. Dietary Effects on Epigenetics with Aging

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Epigenetics

    3. SAM and Methyl Metabolism

    4. Acetyl-Coa and Energy Metabolism

    5. Age-Related Disease and Aging

    6. Foods, Metabolism, and Epigenetics

    7. Foods, Supplements, and Methyl Metabolism

    8. Foods, Supplements, and Acetyl Metabolism

    9. Carbohydrates Versus Fats

    10. Mitochondrial Health

    11. Additional Nutritional Factors in Epigenetics

    12. Conclusions and Future Directions

    References

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 3. Bioactive Foods in Aging: The Role in Cancer Prevention and Treatment

    1. The Burden of Cancer

    2. Bioactive Foods

    3. The Processes of Aging

    4. Free Radicals, Aging, and Cancer

    5. Cancer

    6. Bioactive Foods in Cancer Treatment

    7. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Vitamins and Older Adults

    1. Introduction

    2. Vitamins

    3. Dietary Supplements

    4. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 5. Food and Longevity Genes

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Historical View of DR

    3. Neuroendocrine Hypothesis of DR

    4. Longevity Genes and Relevance to the Effect of DR

    5. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 6. Diet, Social Inequalities, and Physical Capability in Older People

    1. Diet and Nutrition in Older Age

    2. Physical Capability in Older Age

    3. Does Diet Affect Physical Capability in Older Age?

    4. Public Health Implications of the Links Between Diet and Physical Capability in Older Age

    5. Summary

    References

    Chapter 7. Dietary Patterns/Diet and Health of Adults in Economically Developing Countries

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Health Status of Adults in Economically Developing Countries

    3. Nutritional Status of Adults in Economically Developing Countries

    4. Association Between Diet and Noncommunicable Diseases

    5. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 8. Diet and Aging: Role in Prevention of Muscle Mass Loss

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Current Nutritional Recommendations for the Management of Sarcopenia

    3. New Possible Actors in the Nutritional Struggle Against Sarcopenia

    4. Concluding Remarks: Towards A Systems-Based Way of Thinking Sarcopenia

    References

    Chapter 9. Dietary Calories on Cardiovascular Function in Older Adults

    1. Introduction

    2. Gastrointestinal Hormones with Systemic Vasoactive Actions

    3. Food Intake and Systemic Hemodynamic Changes in the Elderly

    4. Food Category and Hemodynamic Response

    5. Ingestion of Water and Food with Zero Calories

    6. Postprandial Hypotension

    7. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 10. Mediterranean Lifestyle and Diet: Deconstructing Mechanisms of Health Benefits

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Olive Oil

    3. Moderate Red Wine Consumption

    4. Fruit and Vegetables

    5. Cereals and Legumes

    6. The ω-3 Fatty Acids

    7. Sun and Leisure Time: Vitamin D, Serotonin, and Friends

    8. Final Remarks

    Glossary

    References

    Further Reading

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 11. Creatine and Resistance Exercise: A Possible Role in the Prevention of Muscle Loss with Aging

    1. Creatine and Aging

    2. Strategic Creatine Supplementation

    3. Safety of Creatine for Older Adults

    4. Summary

    References

    Chapter 12. Exercise in the Maintenance of Muscle Mass: Effects of Exercise Training on Skeletal Muscle Apoptosis

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Mechanisms of Apoptosis

    3. Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training on Skeletal Muscle Apoptosis

    4. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. Taurine and Longevity – Preventive Effect of Taurine on Metabolic Syndrome

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Effect of Taurine on Hypertension

    3. Effect of Taurine on Atherosclerosis

    4. Effect of Taurine on Dyslipidemia

    5. Effect of Taurine on Obesity

    6. Effect of Taurine on Diabetes

    7. Effect of Taurine on NAFLD/Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

    8. Effect of Taurine on Aging

    9. Immunomodulatory Effect of Taurine

    10. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14. Preventing the Epidemic of Mental Ill Health: An Overview

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Human Diet

    3. General Effects of Diet on the Human Brain

    4. The Most Important Brain Nutrients

    5. Energy Density and Nutrient Density

    6. Roadmapping the Future

    7. Conclusion

    References

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 15. Energy Metabolism and Diet: Effects on Healthspan

    1. Introduction

    2. Concluding Thoughts

    Glossary

    References

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 16. Nutritional Hormetins and Aging

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Understanding the Biological Principles of Aging

    3. From Understanding to Intervention

    4. Stress, Hormesis, and Hormetins

    5. Nutritional Hormetins

    References

    Chapter 17. The Health Benefits of the Ayurvedic Anti-Aging Drugs (Rasayanas): An Evidence-Based Revisit

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Hypothesis of Aging

    3. Ayurveda and Aging

    4. Types of Rasayana Drugs and Some of Their Composition

    5. Mechanisms Responsible for the Beneficial Effects

    6. Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 18. Selenium, Selenoproteins, and Age-Related Disorders

    1. Introduction

    2. Selenium

    3. Selenoproteins

    4. Selenium Regulates Age-Related Diseases

    5. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Further Reading

    Chapter 19. Antioxidants and Aging: From Theory to Prevention

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Free Radical (Oxidative Stress) Theory of Aging

    3. Mitochondria Theory of Aging

    4. Immunological Theory of Aging

    5. Inflammation Theory of Aging

    6. Implications of Antioxidants

    7. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 20. Diet and Brain Aging: Effects on Cell and Mitochondrial Function and Structure

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Phenolics: Antioxidant Power of Fruit and Vegetables

    3. Vitamin E

    4. Quercetin

    5. Resveratrol

    6. Curcumin

    7. Green Tea Polyphenols: Epigallocatechin Gallate

    8. Combinatorial Dietary Approaches: Evidence from a Higher Mammalian Model

    9. Summary

    References

    Chapter 21. Bioactive Prairie Plants and Aging Adults: Role in Health and Disease

    1. Introduction

    2. Secondary Metabolites

    3. Prairie Biome

    4. Grasses

    5. Prairie Pulses

    6. Sunflowers

    7. Milkweeds

    8. Rose Family

    9. Mint

    10. Summary and Future Directions

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 22. Ginseng and Micronutrients for Vitality and Cognition

    1. Introduction

    2. Micronutrients

    3. Ginseng

    4. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 23. Asian Medicinal Remedies for Alleviating Aging Effects

    1. Introduction

    2. Antiaging Chemical Compounds

    3. Plants Used as Antiaging Compounds

    4. Conclusion

    Acknowledgment

    References

    Chapter 24. Legumes, Genome Maintenance, and Optimal Health

    1. Introduction

    2. Genomic Maintenance

    3. Bioactive Effects of Legume Consumption

    Glossary

    References

    Further Reading

    Chapter 25. Minerals and Older Adults

    1. Introduction

    2. Calcium

    3. Iron

    4. Magnesium

    5. Zinc

    6. Selenium

    7. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 26. Nutritional Influences on Bone Health and Overview of Methods

    1. Epidemiologic Perspective: Overview of Osteoporosis

    2. Assessment Methods for Bone-Related Outcomes

    3. Nutrition-Related Alternatives or Adjuvant Therapy to Hormone Treatment for Preventing Osteoporosis

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 27. Skeletal Impact of Soy Protein and Soy Isoflavones in Humans

    1. Introduction

    2. Osteoporosis: Epidemiologic Perspective

    3. Soy Protein and Soy Isoflavones: Intervention Studies

    4. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 28. Soy: Animal Studies, Spanning the Lifespan

    1. Introduction

    2. Animal Models Used for Studying Effects of Soy on Bone Metabolism

    3. Early Life

    4. Early Adulthood

    5. Aging

    6. Transgenerational Studies

    7. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 29. Skeletal Effects of Plant Products Other Than Soy

    1. Introduction

    2. Human Studies

    3. Animal and In Vitro Studies

    4. Future Studies

    5. Conclusion

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 30. Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Actions of Dietary Factors on the Skeleton

    1. Introduction

    2. Interactions of Dietary Factors with Estrogen Signaling Pathways in Bone

    3. Interactions of Dietary Factors with BMP Signaling Pathways in Bone

    4. Dietary Bone Anabolic Factors and Wnt-β-Catenin Signaling Pathways in Bone

    5. Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Pathways and Diet-Induced Bone Loss

    6. Potential Effects of Diet on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Bone

    7. Vitamin C

    8. Future Studies

    Acknowledgments

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 31. Aging, Zinc, and Bone Health

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    2. Zinc Status in Older Adults

    3. Zinc and Bone Metabolism

    4. Age-Related Bone Loss and Zinc

    5. Zinc and Immune Function

    6. Aging and Immune Function

    7. Role of Inflammation in Bone Loss

    8. Implications

    Glossary

    References

    Further Reading

    Relevant Websites

    Chapter 32. General Beneficial Effects of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre on Health

    1. Introduction

    2. Phytochemistry

    3. Beneficial Effects of Pongamnia pinnata on Health

    4. Summary Points

    References

    Chapter 33. Nutrition, Aging, and Sirtuin 1

    Abbreviations

    1. Nutrition and Aging

    2. SIRT1 Integrates Metabolism and Healthy Lifespan

    3. SIRT1 and Diseases of Aging

    4. Modulating SIRT1 for Extending Health Span

    Glossary

    References

    Chapter 34. Inhibitory Effect of Food Compounds on Autoimmune Disease

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 514
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: October 20, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123977618

About the Editors

Ronald Watson

Ronald Watson
Ronald Ross Watson, PhD, is Professor of Health Promotion Sciences at the University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. Dr. Watson began his research in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health as a Fellow in 1971 doing field work on vaccines in Saudi Arabia. He has done clinical studies in Colombia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United States which provides a broad international view of public health. He has served in the military reserve hospital for 17 years with extensive training in medical responses to disasters as the chief biochemistry officer of a general hospital, retiring as a Lt. Colonel. He is a distinguished member of several national and international nutrition, immunology, and cancer societies. Dr. Watson’s career has involved studying many lifestyle aspects for their uses in health promotion. He has edited over 100 biomedical reference books and 450 papers and chapters. His teaching and research focuses on alcohol, tobacco, and drugs of abuse in heart function and disease in mouse models.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and School of Medicine, Arizona Health Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

Victor Preedy

Dr. Preedy is a senior member of King's College London and Director of the Genomics Centre and a member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Professor Preedy has longstanding academic interests in substance misuse especially in relation to health and well-being. In his career Professor Preedy was Reader at the Addictive Behaviour Centre at The University of Roehampton, and also Reader at the School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London; UCL). Professor Preedy is an extremely experienced book editor, having edited influential works including but not limited to The Handbook of Alcohol Related Pathology, The Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, The Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies, The Neuroscience of Cocaine, and upcoming titles The Neuroscience of Alcohol, The Neuroscience of Nicotine, and more (all Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Clinical Biochemistry; Director of the Genomics Centre, King’s College, London, UK

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population"