Bio-Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites

Bio-Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites

1st Edition - August 25, 2015

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  • Authors: Samy Madbouly, Chaoqun Zhang, Michael R. Kessler
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323358330
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323371285

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Bio-based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites provides engineers and materials scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field—enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully. Plant oil is one of the most attractive options as a substitute for non-renewable resources in polymers and composites, and is producing materials with very promising thermomechanical properties relative to traditional, petroleum-based polymers. In addition to critical processing and characterization information, the book assists engineers in deciding whether or not they should use a plant oil-based polymer over a petroleum-based polymer, discussing sustainability concerns, biodegradability, associated costs, and recommended applications. The book details the advancements in the development of polymeric materials and composites from plant oils, and provides a critical review of current applications in various fields, including packaging, biomedical, and automotive applications. Also includes the latest progress in developing multifunctional biobased polymers—by increasing thermal conductivity or adding antibacterial properties, for example.

Key Features

  • Essential coverage of processing, characterization, and the latest research into polymeric materials and composites derived from plant oils (thermoplastics, thermosets, nanocomposites, and fiber reinforced composites)
  • Critically reviews the potential applications of plant oil-based polymers, including sensors, structural parts, medical devices, and automotive interiors
  • Includes the latest developments in multifunctional bio-based polymer composites


Industrial scientists and engineers and academic researchers who focus on plant oil-based polymers, bio-renewable polymers, nanocomposites and fiber reinforced composites.

Table of Contents

    • Contributors
    • Preface
    • 1: Introduction to Plant Oils
      • Abstract
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant Oils
      • 1.3. Major Sources of Plant oils
      • 1.4. Extraction and Processing of Plant Oils
      • 1.5. Outlook
    • 2: Plant Oil-Based Derivatives
      • Abstract
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Plant Oil-Based Derivatives
      • 2.3. Conclusions
    • 3: Plant Oil-Based Polyurethanes
      • Abstract
      • 3.1. Polyurethane Chemistry
      • 3.2. Plant Oil-Based Polyurethanes
      • 3.3. Developing New Sources of Vegetable Oils
      • 3.4. Polyol Methods
      • 3.5. Flame Retardant Polyols
      • 3.6. Alternative Routes for Making Polyurethanes
      • 3.7. Applications of Plant Oil-Based Polyurethanes
      • 3.8. Foams
      • 3.9. Coatings
      • 3.10. Shape Memory Polymers
      • 3.11. Conclusions
    • 4: Plant Oil-Based Polyhydroxyurethanes
      • Abstract
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Petroleum-Based Polyurethanes
      • 4.3. Polyurethanes from Bio-Based Polyols
      • 4.4. Polyhydroxyurethanes (PHUs)
      • 4.5. Alternative Systems
      • 4.6. Conclusions
    • 5: Plant Oil-Based Polyester
      • Abstract
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Processes and Monomers
      • 5.3. Thermoplastic Polyesters
      • 5.4. Biodegradable Polyesters
      • 5.5. Unsaturated Polyester Resin (UPR)
      • 5.6. Other Applications
      • 5.7. Applications of Plant Oil-Based Polyester as an Alternative for Petroleum-Based Polyester
      • Acknowledgments
    • 6: Plant Oil-Based Polyether
      • Abstract
      • 6.1. Background
      • 6.2. Methods
      • 6.3. Properties of Plant Oil-Based Polyethers
      • 6.4. Applications
      • 6.5. Challenges and Trends
    • 7: Plant Oil-Based Epoxy Intermediates for Polymers
      • Abstract
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Epoxidation of Plant Oils
      • 7.3. Derivatives of Epoxidized Plant Oils
      • 7.4. Biobased Epoxy Resins
      • 7.5. Conclusions
    • 8: Enzyme-Assisted Synthesis of Plant Oil-Based Polymers
      • Abstract
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Enzyme-Assisted Synthesis of Plant Oil-Based Polyesters
      • 8.3. Enzyme-Assisted Plant Oil Transformations
      • 8.4. Conclusion
    • 9: Plant Oil-Based Nanocomposites
      • Abstract
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Plant Oil-Based/Natural Filler Composites
      • 9.3. Plant Oil-Based/Carbon Nanotubes Composites
      • 9.4. Plant Oil-Based PU/Graphene Oxide Composites
      • 9.5. Plant Oil-Based/Clay and Silica Nanocomposites
    • 10: Fiber Reinforced Plant Oil-Based Composites
      • Abstract
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Fiber-Reinforced Plant Oil-Based Vinyl Polymer Composites
      • 10.3. Fiber-Reinforced Plant Oil-Based Epoxy Composites
      • 10.4. Fiber-Reinforced Plant Oil-Based Polyurethane Composites
      • 10.5. Fiber-Reinforced Plant Oil-Based Foam Composites
      • 10.6. Conclusion
    • 11: Application of Plant Oil-Based Products in Structural Health Monitoring
      • Abstract
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Background
      • 11.3. Materials Properties
      • 11.4. Laboratory Experiments
      • 11.5. Conclusion
      • Acknowledgment
    • 12: The Future of Essential Oils as a Pest Biocontrol Method
      • Abstract
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. Range of Use
      • 12.3. Mechanisms
      • 12.4. Future Research
      • 12.5. Conclusion
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 230
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2015
  • Published: August 25, 2015
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323358330
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323371285

About the Authors

Samy Madbouly

Dr. Samy Madbouly is an Assistant Professor at Pennsylvania State University, Behrend College, School of Engineering. He received his Ph.D. from the Department of Organic and Polymeric Materials, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. He served as a senior research scientist at the School of Polymers and High-Performance Materials, University of Southern Mississippi, and at the Center for Biomaterial Development, Institute of Polymer Research, GKSS, Germany. He also worked as Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Iowa State University and Senor Polymer Engineer at Schlumberger. Prof. Madbouly has published over 100 peer-reviewed journal papers with approximately 3500 citations, as well as 8 patents, 2 books, and 20 book chapters. He has presented more than 100 talks at national and international meetings, and serves as a frequent reviewer and referee.

Affiliations and Expertise

Iowa State University, USA

Chaoqun Zhang

Dr. Chaoqun Zhang is a Full Professor at the College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, China. Prof. Zhang received his Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and Engineering in 2014 from Iowa State University, USA. Following his Ph.D., he served as a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Sustainable Polymers at the University of Minnesota from 2014 to 2015, and at Texas A&M University from 2015 to 2016, before returning to China. His research interests are focused on vegetable oil-based waterborne polyurethanes, plant polyphenol-based epoxy resins, and carbohydrate-based functional hydrogels. Prof. Zhang has published more than 50 research papers in peer-reviewed journals, has filed more than 10 patents, and has co-edited a book on bio-based plant oil polymers. He was the recipient of the Distinguished Young Scholars Award of Guangdong Province (2018) and the Pearl River Talent Plan (2018).

Affiliations and Expertise

College of Materials and Energy South China Agricultural University 483 Wushan Road Guangzhou, 510642 China

Michael R. Kessler

Affiliations and Expertise

Washington State University, USA

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