Bio-Based Nanomaterials

Bio-Based Nanomaterials

Synthesis Protocols, Mechanisms and Applications

1st Edition - January 22, 2022

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  • Editors: Ajay Mishra, Chaudhery Hussain

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Description

Bio-based Nanomaterials: Synthesis Protocols, Mechanisms and Applications summarizes recent developments in biocompatible and biodegradable materials, including their properties, fabrication methods, synthesis protocols and applications. The extensive use of petrochemicals, rising levels of plastic waste and manufacturing of non-biodegradable materials is a major environmental problem across the globe. Bio-based nanomaterials offer potential alternatives to address these challenging issues. The book covers key bio-based nanomaterials - including chitin, starch and nanocellulose – detailing their core properties, associated fabrication methods and synthesis protocols. Later chapters look at the range of applications for bio-based nanomaterials, from food and agriculture to environmental and biomedical. This book offers a detailed reference for those interested in sustainable nanoscale materials, including materials scientists, biomedical engineers, environmental scientists, food and agriculture manufacturers and scientists.

Key Features

  • Covers a range of available bio-based nanomaterials, including chitin, starch and nanocellulose
  • Details the properties and characteristics of each bio-based nanomaterial, focusing on biocompatibility and biodegradability of sustainable materials
  • Reviews the fabrication methods and synthesis protocols available, discussing the pros and cons of each

Readership

Materials scientists and engineers. Agricultural and food scientists and manufacturers; biomedical engineers, environmental scientists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1. Cellulose-based nanomaterials for textile applications
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Biomaterials and its sources
  • 1.3 Chitosan, cellulose, banana, and jute fiber derivatives and their advantages
  • 1.4 Nanochitosan, nanocellulose, and natural fibers
  • 1.5 Applications of biobased nanomaterials
  • 1.6 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Strategies for sustainable synthesis processes of nanocarbons from biomass
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Biomass and carbon nanostructures
  • 2.3 Synthesis processes of biomass-based nanocarbon materials
  • 2.4 Summary and outlook
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Production of biopolymer-based nanoparticles
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Briefs of biopolymers
  • 3.3 Synthesis of biopolymer-based nanoparticles
  • 3.4 Summary and future aspects
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Bio-based nanomaterials for properties and applications
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Preparation and applications of bio-based nanomaterials
  • 4.3 Future prospects and conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Enhanced dye recovery from textile effluents by means of biobased nanomaterials/polymer loose nanofiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Materials and methods
  • 5.3 Results and discussion
  • 5.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • Data availability
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Biodegradation and water absorption studies of natural gum rosin-based hydrogel
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Biodegradation of hydrogels
  • 6.2 Methods of biodegradation
  • 6.3 Water-absorption studies
  • 6.4 Results and discussion
  • 6.5 Water absorption properties of hydrogel in soil samples
  • 6.6 Impact of biodegradation of synthesized samples on soil
  • 6.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Nanobiochar—a green catalyst for wastewater remediation
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Modification of surface properties of biochar
  • 7.3 Properties intricate in reactive species and radical generation
  • 7.4 Biochar-based catalysts for wastewater treatment
  • 7.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Polyhydroxyalkanoates based systems: the future of drug delivery and tissue engineering devices
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Biosyntesis, main features, chemical modifications, degradation, and general applications of polyhydroxyalkanoates
  • 8.3 Polyhydroxyalkanoates for drug delivery systems design
  • 8.4 Polyhydroxyalkanoates as tissue engineering materials
  • 8.5 Perspectives and challenges
  • 8.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Advanced applications of biomass for energy storage
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Materials used for energy storage devices
  • 9.3 Energy storage mechanism in carbon-based materials
  • 9.4 Biomass-derived carbon for energy storage applications
  • 9.5 Summary and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Sericin-based nanomaterials and their applications in drug delivery
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Properties of sericin
  • 10.3 Sericin-based biomaterials and their biomedical applications
  • 10.4 Therapeutic potential of sericin-based nanomaterials in drug delivery
  • 10.5 Clinical application of sericin-based biomaterials
  • 10.6 Future perspectives and conclusions
  • Author contributions
  • Conflicts of interest
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Bone tissue restoration by nanoscale features of biomaterials
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Formation of a blood clot on a biomaterial during bone healing
  • 11.3 Osteogenic differentiation of stem cells induced by biomaterials: mechanism and pathways
  • 11.4 Neovascularization during bone healing
  • 11.5 Bone apposition stimulation induced by surface properties of biomaterials
  • 11.6 New trends in biomaterials development: bioinspired stratified scaffolds
  • 11.7 Outlooks and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Toxicological effect of biopolymers and their applications
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Classification of biopolymers
  • 12.3 Properties of biopolymers
  • 12.4 Relative properties
  • 12.5 Synthesizing properties
  • 12.6 Component properties
  • 12.7 Synthesis of biopolymers
  • 12.8 Starch
  • 12.9 Cellulose
  • 12.10 Chitin and Chitosan
  • 12.11 Gelatin
  • 12.12 Polylactic acid
  • 12.13 Poly(vinyl alcohol)
  • 12.14 Polyurethanes
  • 12.15 Poly(hydroxyalkanoates)
  • 12.16 Poly(ε-caprolactone)
  • 12.17 Toxicological effect of biopolymers
  • 12.18 Applications of biopolymers
  • 12.19 Synthesis of nanomaterials
  • 12.20 Synthesis of nanocarriers
  • 12.21 Biomedical field
  • 12.22 Adsorbents for environmental remediation
  • 12.23 Agricultural domain
  • 12.24 Food industry
  • 12.25 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 306
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier

About the Editors

Ajay Mishra

Professor Ajay Kumar Mishra, (MSc, MPhil, PhD, CSci, FRSC) is currently Full Professor at the Department of Chemistry, School of Applied Science, KIIT Deemed University, Bhubaneswar, India. He is also Director of the Academy of Nanotechnology and Waste Water Innovations, Johannesburg, South Africa, and holds an adjunct professorship at Jiangsu University, China. His research interests include the synthesis of multifunctional nanomaterials, including polymers, carbon nanomaterials, composite materials, and wastewater research. Prof. Mishra has authored over 150 peer reviewed scientific international journal articles and edited over 31 books in his expert subject areas.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemistry, School of Applied Science, KIIT Deemed University, Bhubaneswar, India

Chaudhery Hussain

Chaudhery Hussain
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, PhD is an Adjunct Professor, Academic Advisor and Lab Director in the Department of Chemistry & Environmental Sciences at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Newark, New Jersey, USA. His research is focused on Application of Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials, in environment and analytical chemistry and various Industries. Dr. Hussain is the author of numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals as well as prolific author and editor of several (around 100) scientific monographs and books in his research areas.

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor and Director of Chemistry and EVSc Labs, Department of Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Newark, NJ, USA

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