Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars

Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Author: Alan H. Batten
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153025

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Description

Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars focuses on spectroscopic observational results and interpretations of binaries, and a few of multiple systems. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with the basic concepts and terminologies used in the study of binary and multiple systems of stars. Then, the incidence of both star systems is described. Subsequent chapters explore the properties of individual binaries, as well as the evolution and origin of such star system. This book will be a valuable reference material for astronomers, scientists in related fields, as well as graduate students.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter 1. Basic Concepts and Terminology

    Definition and Classification of Binary Systems Orbital Elements

    Determination of Orbital Elements

    Significance of Orbital Elements

    Chapter 2. The Incidence of Binary Systems

    General Remarks

    Selection Effects in the Discovery of Binary Systems

    Incidence of Binary Systems amongst Main-Sequence Stars

    Incidence of Spectroscopic Binary Systems amongst A-type Stars

    Incidence of Spectroscopic Binaries in Galactic Clusters

    Binaries amongst Cataclysmic Variables

    Binary Stars among Ordinary Variables

    Wolf-Rayet Stars

    Relative Frequencies of Binaries in the Two Stellar Populations

    Chapter 3. Multiple Star Systems

    Incidence of Multiple Systems

    Multiple Systems as a Clue to the Origin of Binary Systems

    Characteristics of Multiple Systems

    Spectroscopic-Visual Triples

    Chapter 4. The Period of a Binary System

    The Determination of the Period

    Accuracy of Period Determination

    Apparent Changes of Period

    Real Changes of Period

    Causes of Period Changes

    Chapter 5. Stellar Masses and Radii

    Determination of Stellar Masses

    Systematic Errors in Mass Determination

    Reliable Masses

    Limits of Stellar Masses

    The Mass-Luminosity Relation

    Determination of Stellar Radii

    Chapter 6. Apsidal Motion

    Causes of Apsidal Motion

    Observational Detection of Apsidal Motion

    Critical Assessment of Determinations of k2

    Comparison with Theory

    Chapter 7. Close Binary Systems and Stellar Atmospheres

    Applications of the Theory of Stellar Atmospheres to Close Binary Systems

    W Ursae Majoris Systems

    Systems Containing Components Surrounded by Extended Atmospheres

    Chapter 8. Observational Evidence for Circumstellar Matter in Binary Systems

    Definition and Detection of Circumstellar Matter

    Distortion of Velocity Curves

    Spectrophotometric Evidence for Circumstellar Matter

    Evidence for Circumstellar Matter from the Light Curves of Eclipsing Systems

    Chapter 9. Models for Circumstellar Matter

    The Characteristic Volume

    The Density of Circumstellar Matter

    Effects of Streams on Light Curves

    The Standard Stream

    Circumstellar Disks

    Effects of Circumstellar Matter on Orbital Elements

    Chapter 10. Evolution and Origin of Binary Systems

    Theory of Evolution of Single Stars and Its Application to Binary Systems

    The Algol Paradox

    Resolution of the Algol Paradox

    Energy for the Mass Transfer

    Wider Implications of Mass Exchange

    Achievements and Limitations of Mass-Exchange Theory

    Evolution of Stars in Visual Binaries

    The Origin of Binary Stars

    Bibliography

    Star Index

    General Index

    Other Titles in the Series


Product details

  • No. of pages: 290
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153025

About the Author

Alan H. Batten

About the Editor

D. Ter Haar

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