Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080169866, 9781483153025

Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

Authors: Alan H. Batten
Editors: D. Ter Haar
eBook ISBN: 9781483153025
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 290
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Description

Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars focuses on spectroscopic observational results and interpretations of binaries, and a few of multiple systems. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with the basic concepts and terminologies used in the study of binary and multiple systems of stars. Then, the incidence of both star systems is described. Subsequent chapters explore the properties of individual binaries, as well as the evolution and origin of such star system. This book will be a valuable reference material for astronomers, scientists in related fields, as well as graduate students.

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1. Basic Concepts and Terminology

Definition and Classification of Binary Systems Orbital Elements

Determination of Orbital Elements

Significance of Orbital Elements

Chapter 2. The Incidence of Binary Systems

General Remarks

Selection Effects in the Discovery of Binary Systems

Incidence of Binary Systems amongst Main-Sequence Stars

Incidence of Spectroscopic Binary Systems amongst A-type Stars

Incidence of Spectroscopic Binaries in Galactic Clusters

Binaries amongst Cataclysmic Variables

Binary Stars among Ordinary Variables

Wolf-Rayet Stars

Relative Frequencies of Binaries in the Two Stellar Populations

Chapter 3. Multiple Star Systems

Incidence of Multiple Systems

Multiple Systems as a Clue to the Origin of Binary Systems

Characteristics of Multiple Systems

Spectroscopic-Visual Triples

Chapter 4. The Period of a Binary System

The Determination of the Period

Accuracy of Period Determination

Apparent Changes of Period

Real Changes of Period

Causes of Period Changes

Chapter 5. Stellar Masses and Radii

Determination of Stellar Masses

Systematic Errors in Mass Determination

Reliable Masses

Limits of Stellar Masses

The Mass-Luminosity Relation

Determination of Stellar Radii

Chapter 6. Apsidal Motion

Causes of Apsidal Motion

Observational Detection of Apsidal Motion

Critical Assessment of Determinations of k2

Comparison with Theory

Chapter 7. Close Binary Systems and Stellar Atmospheres

Applications of the Theory of Stellar Atmospheres to Close Binary Systems

W Ursae Majoris Systems

Systems Containing Components Surrounded by Extended Atmospheres

Chapter 8. Observational Evidence for Circumstellar Matter in Binary Systems

Definition and Detection of Circumstellar Matter

Distortion of Velocity Curves

Spectrophotometric Evidence for Circumstellar Matter

Evidence for Circumstellar Matter from the Light Curves of Eclipsing Systems

Chapter 9. Models for Circumstellar Matter

The Characteristic Volume

The Density of Circumstellar Matter

Effects of Streams on Light Curves

The Standard Stream

Circumstellar Disks

Effects of Circumstellar Matter on Orbital Elements

Chapter 10. Evolution and Origin of Binary Systems

Theory of Evolution of Single Stars and Its Application to Binary Systems

The Algol Paradox

Resolution of the Algol Paradox

Energy for the Mass Transfer

Wider Implications of Mass Exchange

Achievements and Limitations of Mass-Exchange Theory

Evolution of Stars in Visual Binaries

The Origin of Binary Stars

Bibliography

Star Index

General Index

Other Titles in the Series


Details

No. of pages:
290
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483153025

About the Author

Alan H. Batten

About the Editor

D. Ter Haar