Beyond Compliance - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780976511397, 9780127999760

Beyond Compliance

1st Edition

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Authors: Nicholas Cheremisinoff Motasem B. Haddadin
Hardcover ISBN: 9780976511397
eBook ISBN: 9780127999760
Imprint: Gulf Publishing Company
Published Date: 1st July 2006
Page Count: 207
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This book offers refineries a practical guide for implementing environmental management systems (EMS). The author, who has implemented hundreds of successful EMS programs throughout North America, Europe, Russia and the Middle East, provides a detailed explanation of what an EMS is and how it can benefit refinery operations in complying with environmental laws and improving the overall efficiency of their operations. The author’s approach has been internationally recognized as an integrated model that captures improved compliance and financial savings by reducing operating costs through dedicated pollution prevention programs.

Table of Contents


About the Authors

1 Refining Operations and the Sources of Pollution


1.1 The Nature of Pollution

1.2 Desalting

1.3 Distillation

1.3.1 Atmospheric Distillation

1.3.2 Vacuum Distillation

1.4 Downstream Processing Operations

1.4.1 Thermal Cracking or Visbreaking

1.4.2 The Coking Process

1.4.3 The Catalytic Cracking Process

1.4.4 The Catalytic Hydrocracking Process

1.4.5 The Hydrotreating and Hydroprocessing Processes

1.4.6 Alkylation

1.4.7 Isomerization

1.4.8 Polymerization

1.4.9 Catalytic Reforming

1.4.10 Solvent Extraction

1.4.11 Chemical Treating

1.4.12 Dewaxing

1.4.13 Propane Deasphalting

1.5 Supporting Operations and Technologies

1.5.1 Wastewater Treatment Processes

1.5.2 Sour Gas Treatment and Sulfur Recovery

1.5.3 Additive Production and Hydrogen Production Technologies

1.5.4 Heat Exchangers and Boiler Operations

1.5.5 Plantwide Blowdown Systems

1.5.6 Blending Operations

1.5.7 Storage Tanks and Loading and Unloading Operations

1.5.8 Cooling Towers

Recommended References

2 Refinery Waste and Pollution Profile


2.1 Refinery Material Output Matrices

3 What an Environmental Management System is All about


3.1 What an EMS is

3.2 What an EMS Standard is

3.2.1 General

3.2.2 BS 7750

3.2.3 EMAS

3.2.4 ISO 14000

3.2.5 Comparing the Standards

3.3 Understanding ISO 14001

3.3.1 The Basic Clauses

3.3.2 Compliance versus Conformance with Environmental Performance Standards

3.4 EMS Drivers

3.5 A Review and What Comes Next

4 Components of an Environmental Management System


4.1 Commitment and Environmental Policy

4.2 Initial Environmental Review

4.3 Planning the Environmental Policy

4.3.1 General

4.3.2 What Environmental Aspects are

4.3.3 Legal and Other Requirements

4.3.4 Objectives and Targets

4.3.5 Devising an Environmental Management Program

4.4 Implementing the Environmental Policy

4.5 Measuring and Evaluating

4.5.1 Developing an Environmental Effects Register

4.5.2 Monitoring and Measuring Hardware

4.5.3 Compliance Status

4.5.4 Environmental Cost-Accounting Data

4.5.5 Combining Concepts with Pollution Prevention

4.6 Audits and Management Review

4.7 Environmental Reporting and Communication

Recommended References and Websites

5 Tools for Conducting the Initial Environmental Review


5.1 U.S. Regulations, Waste Classifications, and SIC Codes

5.1.1 U.S. Environmental Laws and Regulations

5.1.2 Waste Classifications

5.1.3 SIC Codes

5.2 IER Auditor

5.3 Environmental Aspects (EA) Evaluator

5.4 Closing Remarks



No. of pages:
© Gulf Publishing Company 2006
1st July 2006
Gulf Publishing Company
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Nicholas Cheremisinoff

Motasem B. Haddadin

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