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Behind and Beyond the Meter - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128199510, 9780128204146

Behind and Beyond the Meter

1st Edition

Digitalization, Aggregation, Optimization, Monetization

Editor: Fereidoon Sioshansi
Paperback ISBN: 9780128199510
eBook ISBN: 9780128204146
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st February 2020
Page Count: 460
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The historical ways in which electricity was generated in large central power plants and delivered to passive customers through a one-way transmission and distribution network – as everyone knows – is radically changing to one where consumers can generate, store and consume a significant portion of their energy needs energy locally. This, however, is only the first step, soon to be followed by the ability to share or trade with others using the distribution network. More exciting opportunities are possible with the increased digitalization of BTM assets, which in turn can be aggregated into large portfolios of flexible load and generation and optimized using artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Key Features

  • Examines the latest advances in digitalization of behind-the-meter assets including distributed generation, distributes storage and electric vehicles and – more important – how these assets can be aggregated and remotely monitored unleashing tremendous value and a myriad of innovative services and business models
  • Examines what lies behind-the-meter (BTM) of typical customers and why managing these assets increasingly matter
  • Describes how smart aggregators with intelligent software are creating value by optimizing how energy may be generated, consumed, stored o potentially shared o traded and between consumers; prosumers and prosumagers (that is, prosumers with storage)
  • Explores new business models that are likely to disrupt the traditional interface between the incumbents and their customers


Technology providers (in BTM services, building energy management, P2P trading); regulators, policy makers, researchers, power system workers (generation and distribution) and trainees/students

Table of Contents

Andreas Bjelland Eriksen and Ove Flataker, The Norwegian Energy Regulation Authority (NVE)
Dominique Jamme, Commission de Regulation de L’Energie (CRE)
Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics

Part One: Visionaries, dreamers, innovators
1. What lies behind-the-meter and why it matters?
Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
2. It’s not science fiction: Going zero net energy and loving it
Ben Schlesinger, Schlesinger and Associates
3. Creating value: Digitalization, aggregation and optimization of behind-the-meter assets
Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
4. Customer participation in P2P trading: A German energy community case study
Sabine Löbbe, André Hackbarth, Reutlingen Univ., Thies Stillahn, Luis Pfeiffer, EWS Elektrizitätswerke Schönau eG, and Gregor Rohbogner, Oxygen Technologies GmbH
5. Aggregators today and tomorrow: From intermediaries to orchestrators?
Ksenia Poplavskaya, Austrian Institute of Technology and TU Delft, Laurens de Vries, TU Delft
6. Energy communities: A Dutch case study
Victor Reijnders, University of Twente, Marten van der Laan, ICT Group N.V. and Roelof Dijkstra, Enexis Netbeheer B.V.
7. The expanding role of home energy management ecosystems: An Australian perspective
Damian Shaw-Williams, QUT

Part Two: Implementers and disrupters
8. Behind and beyond the meter: What’s in it for the system?
Dierk Bauknecht, Christoph Heinemann, Dominik Seebach and Moritz Vogel, Oeko-Institut, Freiburg, Germany
9. Working backwards to get behind the meter: What customer value, behavior, opportunity and uncertainty mean for new technologies
Robert Smith, East Economics and Iain MacGill, UNSW
10. Aggregation of front- and behind-the-meter: The evolving VPP business model
Lotte Lehmbruck, Julian Kretz and Jan Aengenvoort, Next Kraftwerke and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
11. Platform for trading flexibility on the distribution network: A UK case study
James Johnston, Piclo Flex and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
12. Smart meters: The gateway to behind-the-meter?
Carlo Stagnaro, Istituto Bruno Leoni and Simona Benedettini, PwC Italy
13. D3A Energy Exchange for a Transactive Grid
Ana Trbovich, Sarah Hambridge, Dirk van den Biggelaar and Ewald HesseGrid Singularity and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
14. Emerging aggregator business models in European electricity markets
Simon De Clercq, 3E, Daniel Schwabeneder, Carlo Corinaldesi and Andreas Fleischhacker, Vienna University of Technology

Part Three: Regulators, policymakers and investors
15. BTM prospects: Do prices matter?
Bruce Mountain, Victoria University, Melbourne
16. Regulating off-the-grid: Stand-alone power systems in Australia
Alan Rai, Claire Rozyn, Andrew Truswell and Tim Nelson, AEMC, Sydney, Australia
17. Distribution network tariff design for behind-the-meter: Balancing efficiency and fairness
Tim Schittekatte, Florence School of Regulation
18. What market design, fiscal policy and network regulations are compatible with efficient BTM investments?
David Robinson, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
19. Two million plus solar roofs: What’s in it for the consumers?
Mike Swanston, The Customer Advocate, Brisbane, Australia
20. Will behind-the-meter make a difference?
Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics

Jean-Michel Glachant, Florence School of Regulation


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2020
1st February 2020
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Fereidoon Sioshansi

Fereidoon Sioshansi

Fereidoon Sioshansi is President of Menlo Energy Economics, a consulting firm focused on the rapid transformation of the electric power sector. He is the editor and publisher of EEnergy Informer, a monthly newsletter with international circulation. His professional experience includes working at Southern California Edison Co. (SCE), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), NERA, and Global Energy Decisions. Since 2006, he has edited 13 books published by Academic Press; the latest, Variable generation, flexible demand, was published in 2021

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Menlo Energy Economics, San Francisco, CA, USA


"A new book [delving into] the nitty gritty of similar and more broad-based production, use, storage and trading of behind-the-meter alternative energy technologies, Behind and Beyond the Meter looks at the rapidly changing energy sector driven by the rise of renewable resources on the supply side and equally dramatic developments on the demand side, including distributed generation and storage, electric vehicles and other like innovations. "It’s not far fetched," to imagine a future with many net zero energy communities, those generating and feeding into the network as many kWhs as they take out, Sioshansi emphasized. Standing in the way are regulatory barriers, including those that thwart localized trading of power. The editor and contributors urge regulators to avoid stifling innovation and instead to encourage and reward this energy innovation."--Elizabeth McCarthy, 9 Apr 2020, CA Current, published on

"provides a thorough survey of the issues arising from "behind" the meter. As the epilogue highlights, decentralisation and digitalisation are surely well underway, along with activation of new interactions, whether through aggregators, platforms or other means, justifying the initial claim of the book to cover most interesting and fertile territory."
--Martin Crouch, 4D Economics, Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, 2020

Ratings and Reviews