Behind and Beyond the Meter

Behind and Beyond the Meter

Digitalization, Aggregation, Optimization, Monetization

1st Edition - February 1, 2020
  • Editor: Fereidoon Sioshansi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128199510
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128204146

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The historical ways in which electricity was generated in large central power plants and delivered to passive customers through a one-way transmission and distribution network – as everyone knows – is radically changing to one where consumers can generate, store and consume a significant portion of their energy needs energy locally. This, however, is only the first step, soon to be followed by the ability to share or trade with others using the distribution network. More exciting opportunities are possible with the increased digitalization of BTM assets, which in turn can be aggregated into large portfolios of flexible load and generation and optimized using artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Key Features

  • Examines the latest advances in digitalization of behind-the-meter assets including distributed generation, distributes storage and electric vehicles and – more important – how these assets can be aggregated and remotely monitored unleashing tremendous value and a myriad of innovative services and business models
  • Examines what lies behind-the-meter (BTM) of typical customers and why managing these assets increasingly matter
  • Describes how smart aggregators with intelligent software are creating value by optimizing how energy may be generated, consumed, stored o potentially shared o traded and between consumers; prosumers and prosumagers (that is, prosumers with storage)
  • Explores new business models that are likely to disrupt the traditional interface between the incumbents and their customers


Technology providers (in BTM services, building energy management, P2P trading); regulators, policy makers, researchers, power system workers (generation and distribution) and trainees/students

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
    Andreas Bjelland Eriksen and Ove Flataker, The Norwegian Energy Regulation Authority (NVE)
    Dominique Jamme, Commission de Regulation de L’Energie (CRE)
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics

    Part One: Visionaries, dreamers, innovators
    1. What lies behind-the-meter and why it matters?
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    2. It’s not science fiction: Going zero net energy and loving it
    Ben Schlesinger, Schlesinger and Associates
    3. Creating value: Digitalization, aggregation and optimization of behind-the-meter assets
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    4. Customer participation in P2P trading: A German energy community case study
    Sabine Löbbe, André Hackbarth, Reutlingen Univ., Thies Stillahn, Luis Pfeiffer, EWS Elektrizitätswerke Schönau eG, and Gregor Rohbogner, Oxygen Technologies GmbH
    5. Aggregators today and tomorrow: From intermediaries to orchestrators?
    Ksenia Poplavskaya, Austrian Institute of Technology and TU Delft, Laurens de Vries, TU Delft
    6. Energy communities: A Dutch case study
    Victor Reijnders, University of Twente, Marten van der Laan, ICT Group N.V. and Roelof Dijkstra, Enexis Netbeheer B.V.
    7. The expanding role of home energy management ecosystems: An Australian perspective
    Damian Shaw-Williams, QUT

    Part Two: Implementers and disrupters
    8. Behind and beyond the meter: What’s in it for the system?
    Dierk Bauknecht, Christoph Heinemann, Dominik Seebach and Moritz Vogel, Oeko-Institut, Freiburg, Germany
    9. Working backwards to get behind the meter: What customer value, behavior, opportunity and uncertainty mean for new technologies
    Robert Smith, East Economics and Iain MacGill, UNSW
    10. Aggregation of front- and behind-the-meter: The evolving VPP business model
    Lotte Lehmbruck, Julian Kretz and Jan Aengenvoort, Next Kraftwerke and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    11. Platform for trading flexibility on the distribution network: A UK case study
    James Johnston, Piclo Flex and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    12. Smart meters: The gateway to behind-the-meter?
    Carlo Stagnaro, Istituto Bruno Leoni and Simona Benedettini, PwC Italy
    13. D3A Energy Exchange for a Transactive Grid
    Ana Trbovich, Sarah Hambridge, Dirk van den Biggelaar and Ewald HesseGrid Singularity and Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    14. Emerging aggregator business models in European electricity markets
    Simon De Clercq, 3E, Daniel Schwabeneder, Carlo Corinaldesi and Andreas Fleischhacker, Vienna University of Technology

    Part Three: Regulators, policymakers and investors
    15. BTM prospects: Do prices matter?
    Bruce Mountain, Victoria University, Melbourne
    16. Regulating off-the-grid: Stand-alone power systems in Australia
    Alan Rai, Claire Rozyn, Andrew Truswell and Tim Nelson, AEMC, Sydney, Australia
    17. Distribution network tariff design for behind-the-meter: Balancing efficiency and fairness
    Tim Schittekatte, Florence School of Regulation
    18. What market design, fiscal policy and network regulations are compatible with efficient BTM investments?
    David Robinson, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
    19. Two million plus solar roofs: What’s in it for the consumers?
    Mike Swanston, The Customer Advocate, Brisbane, Australia
    20. Will behind-the-meter make a difference?
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics

    Jean-Michel Glachant, Florence School of Regulation

Product details

  • No. of pages: 460
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: February 1, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128199510
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128204146

About the Editor

Fereidoon Sioshansi

Fereidoon Sioshansi
Fereidoon Sioshansi is President of Menlo Energy Economics, a consulting firm focused on the rapid transformation of the electric power sector. He is the editor and publisher of EEnergy Informer, a monthly newsletter with international circulation. His professional experience includes working at Southern California Edison Co. (SCE), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), NERA, and Global Energy Decisions. Since 2006, he has edited 13 books published by Academic Press; the latest, Variable generation, flexible demand, was published in 2021

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Menlo Energy Economics, San Francisco, CA, USA

Latest reviews

(Total rating for all reviews)

  • Jason D. Mon Apr 20 2020

    An indispensable guide to the emerging behind-the-meter energy phenomenon

    'Behind the meter' is the unsexy name of one of the most significant trends in energy markets today. It describes a growing array of energy generation and storage assets, from solar panels to electric vehicles, lining up on customer premises beyond the traditional purview of utilities and distribution system operators. What happens behind the meter has historically been of little interest to energy companies because it was all a matter of consumption. The electricity network's job was to get power to customer premises; what happened to the power afterwards was the customer's affair. But with the arrival of distributed generation and energy storage, this one-way street is turning into a two-lane thoroughfare, where electricity comes, goes and may even get parked for later use. This emerging reality raises pressing questions for energy companies and regulators. Will prosumers want to trade the energy they produce, for example? Do utilities need to invest in new generation if most of their customers are generating as well? How can regulators make sure customers who do not produce their own power don't end up paying for whole of the distribution network? As it stands, few of these questions have clear answers. But Behind and Beyond the Meter, ably edited by Dr. Fereidoon Sioshansi, President of Menlo Energy Economics in San Francisco, is the closest thing there is to a definitive reference work on the subject. Across 20 chapters, the book addresses the behind-the-meter phenomenon for the benefit of all involved, from electricity consumers and utilities to regulators and innovators. Featuring contributions from the leaders of trailblazing behind-the-meter players such as Next Kraftwerke and Grid Singularity, and covering topics as varied as virtual power plants or standalone power systems, Behind and Beyond the Meter is required reading for anyone in the energy world who wants to truly grasp what is going on at the new frontier of electricity generation.