Behavioral Neuroscience

Behavioral Neuroscience

An Introduction

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Authors: Carl W. Cotman, James L McGaugh
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217567

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Description

Behavioral Neuroscience: An Introduction provides a basic understanding of what is known about the means by which neurons communicate and about the nervous system which interprets, integrates, and transmits signals into meaningful and appropriate behaviors. The book starts with an overview of the nervous system. The text then describes the general operation and organization of the nervous system; and some of the major types of neurons in the context of their systems. The basic characteristics of neurons and how they communicate; the processes and the basic integrative properties of defined groups of neurons; and complex learning and memory are also considered. The book further tackles the auditory, somesthetic, olfactory, gustatory, visual, and motor systems; the functions of the autonomic nervous system and the neuroendocrine system; and the neural basis of two types of motivated behavior, drinking and feeding. The text also encompasses sleep and activity rhythms; the development of the neural circuitry and its plasticity throughout life; and the development of behavior. Behavioral disorders and the aspects of the human nervous system which make man unique among all living creatures are also looked into. Behavioral psychologists, behavioral neuroscientists, and psychobiologists will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 What Does the Nervous System Do

    I. Introduction

    II. Functions of the Nervous System

    III. What the Nervous System Does

    References

    2 Organizing Principles of the Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Overview—The General Regions of the CNS

    III. Elements of the Nervous System

    IV. Overview and Summary

    V. The Next Step —The Study of Neurons

    Key Terms

    References

    3 Neurons

    I. Introduction

    II. Projection Neurons

    III. Local Circuit Neurons

    IV. Neuronal Ultrastructure

    V. The Dynamic Neuroplasm

    VI. Fueling the Brain: Its Energy and Nutrient Requirements

    VII. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    4 Basic Principles of Neuronal Signaling

    I. Introduction

    II. The "Charged-Up and Ready-to-Go" Neuron

    III. The Action Potential

    IV. Recovery of Ion Gradients

    V. Coding

    VI. Decoding

    VII. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    5 Synaptic Transmission

    I. Introduction

    II. Overview of Synaptic Transmission

    III. Cholinergic Synaptic Transmission

    IV. Catecholaminergic Synaptic Transmission

    V. Synaptic Plasticity

    VI. Conclusion and Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    6 Integration: Putting It All Together

    I. Introduction

    II. Neuronal Integration at the Level of a Single Neuron

    III. Chemical Coding of Brain Circuitry

    IV. The Functional Role of Transmitters in the Brain

    V. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    7 Elementary Learning and Behavioral Plasticity

    I. Habituation and Sensitization

    II. General Theories of Habituation

    III. Cellular Mechanisms of Habituation and Sensitization

    IV. Future Directions

    V. Associative Learning

    VI. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    8 Complex Learning and Memory

    I. Approaches to the Neurobiological Bases of Memory

    II. Effects of Brain-Lesions on Retention

    III. Neurobiological Correlates of Memory

    IV. Neurophysiological Correlates of Learning

    V. EEG Studies of Learning

    VI. Unit Studies of Learning

    VII. Evoked Potentials

    VIII. Neurochemical Correlates of Training

    IX. Experimental Modulation of Memory Storage Processes

    X. Retrograde Amnesia

    XI. Effects of Direct Electrical Stimulation of the Brain

    XII. Facilitating Effects of Brain Stimulation

    XIII. Effects of CNS Stimulants on Memory

    XIV. Effects of Inhibition of RNA and Protein Synthesis

    XV. Endogenous Modulators of Memory Storage

    XVI. Peripheral Catecholamines

    XVII. Sleep and Memory Modulation

    XVIII. Brain Pathology and Memory

    XIX. The Amnesic Syndrome: An Introduction

    XX. Retrograde Amnesia in Human Patients

    XXI. Neuropathology

    XXII. The Psychological Defect in Amnesia

    XXIII. The Organization of Memory in the Brain

    XXIV. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    9 Hearing, Tasting and Smelling, and Feeling

    I. Introduction

    II. Auditory System

    III. Somesthetic System

    IV. Gustatory and Olfactory Systems

    V. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    10 Seeing

    I. Introduction

    II. Common Optical Problems

    III. The Transduction Process: Light into Electrical Impulses

    IV. Building Blocks of Perception

    V. Development and Plasticity

    VI. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    11 Moving

    I. Introduction

    II. The Output: Muscle Contractile Properties

    III. The Input: Muscle Receptor Properties

    IV. Concepts in Motor Control

    V. Spinal Cord Control and Organization

    VI. Supraspinal Control: Basal Ganglia, Cerebellum and Motor Cortex

    VII. Plasticity, Learning and Volition

    VIII. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    12 Internal States of the Body: Autonomic, Neuroendocrine and Pain Functions

    I. Introduction

    II. Autonomic Nervous System

    III. The Neuroendocrine System: Chemical Integration

    IV. Pain

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    13 Thirst and Hunger

    I. Introduction

    II. Drinking

    III. Feeding

    IV. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    14 Sleep and Activity Rhythms

    I. Electrophysiological Correlates of Sleep Stages

    II. Species Differences in Sleep

    III. Neural Structures Affecting Sleep

    IV. Chemical Substrates of Sleep

    V. Hormones, Neurotransmitters and Sleep

    VI. Sleep Disorders

    VII. Circadian Rhythms

    VIII. Regulation of Circadian Rhythms: Locus of Oscillation

    IX. The Concept of Motivation

    X. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    15 The Development, Remodeling and Aging of Neuronal Circuitry

    I. Introduction

    II. Development of Neuronal Circuitry

    III. Trophic Influences of Nerves—A Lasting Partnership between Neurons and Their Target Cells

    IV. Remodeling of Neuronal Circuitry

    V. Aging of Neuronal Circuitry

    VI. The Saga of Neuronal Circuitry: Summary and Conclusions

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    16 Development of Behavior

    I. Single Gene Influences on Behavior

    II. Development of Sex-Related Behavior: Genetic and Hormonal Influences

    III. Mechanism of Hormone Action in Sexual Development

    IV. Environmental Influences on the Development of Behavior

    V. Development of Language in Humans

    VI. Summary

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    17 Behavioral Disorders

    I. Introduction

    II. Schizophrenia

    III. Affective Disorders

    IV. Summary and Conclusions

    V. Behavioral Disorders Created by Drug Abuse

    VI. Drug Types

    VII. Mechanisms of Narcotic Dependence and Tolerance

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions

    IX. Alcoholism

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    18 Why Am I What I Am

    I. Introduction

    II. Organization of the Human Cerebral Cortex

    III. Hemispheric Dominance

    IV. Toward Unified Behavior

    V. Consciousness

    VI. Conclusion

    Key Terms

    General References

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 856
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217567

About the Authors

Carl W. Cotman

James L McGaugh

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