Beef Cattle Feeding and Nutrition

Beef Cattle Feeding and Nutrition

1st Edition - September 28, 1980

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  • Author: Tilden Perry
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152143

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Beef Cattle Feeding and Nutrition is the third in a series of books on animal feeding and nutrition. These books are designed to keep readers abreast of the rapid developments in feeding and nutrition. These developments have resulted in changes in diets, the use of new feed processing methods, improved use of by-product feeds, and more supplementation with minerals, vitamins, amino acids, and nonprotein nitrogen compounds. The book is organized into four parts. Part I focuses on the nutrient requirements of beef cattle. Beginning with a review of rumen physiology and energy requirements, the remaining chapters discuss the vitamin, mineral, and protein, requirements of beef cattle. Part II on feedingstuffs includes studies on pasture and other forages; hay and haylage making; silage and crops for silage; and concentrates for beef cattle. Part III includes studies on breeding herd nutrition and management; and milk production and calf performance. Part IV on cattle finishing covers cattle finishing systems; feedlot disease; and economics of cattle feeding.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    I Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle

    1 Rumen Physiology and Energy Requirements

    I. Structure and Development of the Ruminant Stomach

    II. Digestion of Nutrients

    III. Quantitative Requirements of Beef Cattle

    IV. Energy


    2 Vitamin Requirements of Beef Cattle

    I. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

    II. Water-Soluble Vitamins


    3 Mineral Requirements of Beef Cattle

    I. Introduction

    II. Essential Mineral Elements

    III. Trace Mineral Elements

    IV. Role of Buffers in Beef Cattle Nutrition


    4 Protein Requirements of Beef Cattle

    I. Introduction

    II. Amino Acids

    III. The Role of Protein

    IV. Protein Digestion

    V. Nonprotein Nitrogen (NPN)

    VI. Effect of Protein Supplementation on the Performance of Finishing Cattle

    VII. Protected or Slowly Degraded Protein

    VIII. Protein Adjustment during Temperature Stress


    5 Computer Programming of Beef Cattle Diets

    I. Computer Diets

    II. Role of the Programming Machine

    6 The Effect of Processing on the Nutritive Value of Feedstuffs for Beef Cattle

    I. Processing of Feed Grains

    II. Processing of Roughage


    II Feedingstuffs

    7 Pasture and Other Forages

    I. Nutritive Value of Pasture and Forages

    II. Types of Pastures and Forages

    III. Pasture Crops

    8 Hay and Haylage Making

    I. Hay

    II. Haylage

    III. Influence of Hay Quality on Stocker Cattle Gain


    9 Silage and Crops for Silage

    I. Silage Making

    II. Harvesting of Silage

    III. Silage Diets

    IV. Value of Corn Silage Made from Plants at Various Stages of Maturity


    10 Concentrates for Beef Cattle

    I. The Cereal Grains

    II. Molasses

    III. Fat

    IV. Miscellaneous Energy Concentrates

    V. Protein Concentrates

    VI. Summary and Conclusion


    III The Breeding Herd

    11 Breeding Herd Nutrition and Management

    I. Nutritional Needs of Replacement Heifers

    II. Beef Cow Feeding Programs

    III. Crossbreeding and Cow Productivity

    IV. Effect of Diet on Estrus

    V. Free-Choice Liquid Supplements

    VI. Urea Feeding Effect on Cattle Reproduction


    12 Forages and Environment Effect on Brood Cows

    I. Quality of Pasture Effect on Cow and Calf Performance

    II. Feeding Crop Residues

    III. Grain Sorghum Stover for Beef Cows

    IV. Corn Residue Utilization by Beef Cattle

    V. Least-Cost Brood Cow Diets Using Crop Residues

    VI. Drylot versus Conventional Cow Herd Management Systems


    13 Milk Production and Calf Performance

    I. Choosing a Profitable Cow Size

    II. Creep Feeding Beef Calves

    III. Implanting Calves

    IV. Early Weaning of Beef Calves


    IV Finishing Beef Cattle

    14 Starting Cattle on Feed

    I. The Program

    II. Starting New Feeder Cattle on Corn Silage

    III. Feeding Regimens for New Feeder Cattle


    15 Feeding Stocker Cattle

    I. Feeding Programs for Stockers

    II. Controlled Growth of Stockers

    III. Winter Gain Effect on Summer Pasture Gain

    IV. Pasture Management Effect on Stocker Performance

    V. Grain Feeding Levels on Pasture

    VI. Stocker Response to Monensin Sodium on Pasture


    16 Cattle Finishing Systems

    I. Characteristics of Cattle Finishing Systems

    II. Self-Feeding Finishing Cattle

    III. Recipe Feeding of Finishing Cattle

    IV. Diets for Show Calves

    V. Fattening Bulls for Beef

    VI. Comparative Performance of Bulls, Steers, and Heifers for Beef

    VII. Feeding Holstein Steers

    VIII. Feeding Cull Cows for Slaughter

    IX. Estrus Control in Heifers: Spaying versus MGA


    17 Feedlot Disease

    I. Bulling or Riding in Steer Feedlots

    II. Acidosis in Feedlot Cattle

    III. Shipping Fever


    18 Economics of Cattle Feeding

    I. The Cattle Futures Market

    II. Custom Feedyards—What Are They and How Do They Work?

    III. Predicting Performance and Feed Requirements


    19 Environmental and Housing Effect on Feedlot Cattle Performance

    I. Housing Effects

    II. Environmental Effects


    Appendix I Additives and Implants in Beef Cattle Feeding

    Appendix II How Much Can I Afford to Pay for Feeder Cattle?

    Appendix III Some Current Specifications for Beef Cattle Equipment

    Appendix IV Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle

    Appendix V Typical Composition of Feedstuff for Cattle


Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: September 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152143

About the Author

Tilden Perry

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