Bee Genetics and Breeding

Bee Genetics and Breeding

1st Edition - September 8, 1986
  • Editor: Thomas E. Rinderer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270036

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Description

Bee Genetics and Breeding provides an overview of the state of knowledge in bee genetics and breeding. The book is organized into two parts. Part I deals with the scholarly issues of bee genetics. It is intended as a reference source for students of both bees and genetics. It could also serve as a text for university courses in bee genetics. Topics discussed include the evolution of eusocial insects; geographical variability and classification of honey bees; and behavioral and biochemical genetics of honey bees. Part II deals more specifically with the practical issues of bee breeding. The discussions include the quantitative genetics of honey bees; ways to define and measure honey-bee characteristics so that the "best" parents for honey-bee stock improvement programs can be selected; and mating designs. This section contains sufficient guidance for bee breeders to initiate or improve breeding programs. Apiculturalists generally will find this part especially interesting since the quality of their own bee stock depends on the skills and knowledge of the breeders who produce their queens.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Part I Genetics

    1. Evolution

    I. Introduction

    II. Pathways to Eusociality

    III. Theories of Individual Selection

    IV. Geological History of Bees

    V. The Rise of Honey Bees

    References

    2. Geographical Variability and Classification

    I. Introduction

    II. Taxonomy of the Genus Apis

    III. Methods of Morphometric Analysis

    IV. Survey of the Genus Apis

    V. The Geographic Races of Apis mellifera

    References

    3. Visible Mutants

    I. Analysis of Visible Mutants

    II. The Visible Mutants

    III. Functional Capabilities of Mutants

    References

    4. Sex Determination

    I. History

    II. Unusual Bees

    III. Sex Determination Hypotheses

    IV. Unequal Additivity among Sex Alleles

    V. Gene Dosage

    VI. Sex Alleles, Mating, and Brood Survival

    VII. Apicultural Consequences of Sex Alleles

    References

    5. Genetics of Bees Other than Apis mellifera

    I. Introduction

    II. The Bumble Bees (Bombini)

    III. The Stingless Bees (Meliponini)

    IV. Non-mellifera (Apis)

    V. Other Social and Solitary Bees

    References

    6. Behavioral Genetics

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Considerations

    III. Control of Undesirable Genetic Variation

    IV. Applications of Behavioral Genetic Techniques

    References

    7. Biochemical Genetics

    I. Introduction

    II. Variability in Hymenoptera

    III. Known Variable Loci in Apis

    IV. Uses of Variation

    V. Other Known Enzyme Systems

    VI. Developmental Variation in Enzymes and Proteins in Apis

    VII. Sampling, Analysis, and Interpretation

    References

    8. Cytology and Cytogenetics

    I. Introduction

    II. Chromosomes

    III. Molecular Cytogenetics

    IV. Meiosis

    V. Mitosis

    VI. Cytogenetic Anomalies

    VII. Developmental Cytogenetics

    References

    9. Population Genetics

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetic Variability

    III. Genetic Structure

    IV. Inbreeding

    V. Population Genetics of Sex Alleles

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    10. Reproduction and Mating Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. The Premating Period

    III. Mating Behavior

    IV. Sperm Movement in the Queen

    V. Egg Maturation

    VI. Oviposition

    References

    Part II Breeding

    11. Quantitative Genetics

    I. Introduction

    II. Approaching Quantitative Characters

    III. Resemblance—Why Sisters are Alike

    IV. Variation—Why Colonies Differ

    V. More on Resemblance

    VI. Heritability

    VII. Effects of Selection

    VIII. Correlations

    References

    12. Selection

    I. Introduction

    II. Bee Improvement Tools

    III. Defining Improvement

    IV. Breeding for Conformation

    V. Breeding for Improvement

    References

    13. Mating Designs

    I. Complexities of Honey-Bee Breeding

    II. Possible Matings in Honey Bees and Their Genetic Consequences

    III. Inbred-Hybrid Breeding

    IV. Closed-Population Breeding

    V. Genetic Composition and Experimental Colonies

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    14. Storage of Germplasm

    I. Introduction

    II. Semen Collection

    III. Semen Composition

    IV. Spermatozoa

    V. Stock Maintenance

    References

    15. Propagation and Instrumental Insemination

    I. Introduction

    II. Queen Production

    III. Drone Production

    IV. Insemination Procedure

    V. Evaluation

    VI. Recommendations

    References

    16. Breeding Accomplishments with Honey Bees

    I. Introduction

    II. Goals in Honey-Bee Breeding

    III. Breeding for Resistance to Honey-Bee Diseases and Pests

    IV. Breeding and Improved Honey Production

    V. Breeding for Increased Pollen Gathering

    VI. Breeding for Length of Life

    VII. Breeding for Morphological Characteristics

    VIII. Commercial Bee-Breeding Successes

    IX. Preservation of Subspecies and Valuable Ecotypes

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 442
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: September 8, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270036

About the Editor

Thomas E. Rinderer