Bee Genetics and Breeding - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125889209, 9781483270036

Bee Genetics and Breeding

1st Edition

Editors: Thomas E. Rinderer
eBook ISBN: 9781483270036
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 8th September 1986
Page Count: 442
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Description

Bee Genetics and Breeding provides an overview of the state of knowledge in bee genetics and breeding. The book is organized into two parts. Part I deals with the scholarly issues of bee genetics. It is intended as a reference source for students of both bees and genetics. It could also serve as a text for university courses in bee genetics. Topics discussed include the evolution of eusocial insects; geographical variability and classification of honey bees; and behavioral and biochemical genetics of honey bees. Part II deals more specifically with the practical issues of bee breeding. The discussions include the quantitative genetics of honey bees; ways to define and measure honey-bee characteristics so that the "best" parents for honey-bee stock improvement programs can be selected; and mating designs. This section contains sufficient guidance for bee breeders to initiate or improve breeding programs. Apiculturalists generally will find this part especially interesting since the quality of their own bee stock depends on the skills and knowledge of the breeders who produce their queens.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Part I Genetics

1. Evolution

I. Introduction

II. Pathways to Eusociality

III. Theories of Individual Selection

IV. Geological History of Bees

V. The Rise of Honey Bees

References

2. Geographical Variability and Classification

I. Introduction

II. Taxonomy of the Genus Apis

III. Methods of Morphometric Analysis

IV. Survey of the Genus Apis

V. The Geographic Races of Apis mellifera

References

3. Visible Mutants

I. Analysis of Visible Mutants

II. The Visible Mutants

III. Functional Capabilities of Mutants

References

4. Sex Determination

I. History

II. Unusual Bees

III. Sex Determination Hypotheses

IV. Unequal Additivity among Sex Alleles

V. Gene Dosage

VI. Sex Alleles, Mating, and Brood Survival

VII. Apicultural Consequences of Sex Alleles

References

5. Genetics of Bees Other than Apis mellifera

I. Introduction

II. The Bumble Bees (Bombini)

III. The Stingless Bees (Meliponini)

IV. Non-mellifera (Apis)

V. Other Social and Solitary Bees

References

6. Behavioral Genetics

I. Introduction

II. Theoretical Considerations

III. Control of Undesirable Genetic Variation

IV. Applications of Behavioral Genetic Techniques

References

7. Biochemical Genetics

I. Introduction

II. Variability in Hymenoptera

III. Known Variable Loci in Apis

IV. Uses of Variation

V. Other Known Enzyme Systems

VI. Developmental Variation in Enzymes and Proteins in Apis

VII. Sampling, Analysis, and Interpretation

References

8. Cytology and Cytogenetics

I. Introduction

II. Chromosomes

III. Molecular Cytogenetics

IV. Meiosis

V. Mitosis

VI. Cytogenetic Anomalies

VII. Developmental Cytogenetics

References

9. Population Genetics

I. Introduction

II. Genetic Variability

III. Genetic Structure

IV. Inbreeding

V. Population Genetics of Sex Alleles

VI. Conclusion

References

10. Reproduction and Mating Behavior

I. Introduction

II. The Premating Period

III. Mating Behavior

IV. Sperm Movement in the Queen

V. Egg Maturation

VI. Oviposition

References

Part II Breeding

11. Quantitative Genetics

I. Introduction

II. Approaching Quantitative Characters

III. Resemblance—Why Sisters are Alike

IV. Variation—Why Colonies Differ

V. More on Resemblance

VI. Heritability

VII. Effects of Selection

VIII. Correlations

References

12. Selection

I. Introduction

II. Bee Improvement Tools

III. Defining Improvement

IV. Breeding for Conformation

V. Breeding for Improvement

References

13. Mating Designs

I. Complexities of Honey-Bee Breeding

II. Possible Matings in Honey Bees and Their Genetic Consequences

III. Inbred-Hybrid Breeding

IV. Closed-Population Breeding

V. Genetic Composition and Experimental Colonies

VI. Conclusion

References

14. Storage of Germplasm

I. Introduction

II. Semen Collection

III. Semen Composition

IV. Spermatozoa

V. Stock Maintenance

References

15. Propagation and Instrumental Insemination

I. Introduction

II. Queen Production

III. Drone Production

IV. Insemination Procedure

V. Evaluation

VI. Recommendations

References

16. Breeding Accomplishments with Honey Bees

I. Introduction

II. Goals in Honey-Bee Breeding

III. Breeding for Resistance to Honey-Bee Diseases and Pests

IV. Breeding and Improved Honey Production

V. Breeding for Increased Pollen Gathering

VI. Breeding for Length of Life

VII. Breeding for Morphological Characteristics

VIII. Commercial Bee-Breeding Successes

IX. Preservation of Subspecies and Valuable Ecotypes

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
442
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1986
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483270036

About the Editor

Thomas E. Rinderer